Sultanate of Makasar – South Sulawesi

The Sultanate of Makasar was a sultanate in the 16th century, located in the district of Makasar. South Sulawesi.

 Makasar


* Foto sultanate of Makasar: link
Foto war Makasar – VOC, 1660-1669: link


History of the sultanate of Makasar
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The Sultanate of Makassar was an Islamic sultanate in southern Sulawesi in the 16th century AD which at first was composed of a number of small kingdoms fighting each other. The area was united by the twin kingdoms of the Kingdom of Gowa and Tallo kingdom and became the Sultanate of Makassar. In the beginning of the Sultanate of Makassar there were two small kingdoms, called Kingdom of Gowa and Tallo Kingdom, located in the south-western peninsula of Sulawesi with a strategic position in the spice trade.
In a fairly long period, the Sultanate of Makassar (Gowa-Tallo) was involved in competition with the kingdom of Bone. The rivalry between the two forces eventually involved the intervention of the Netherlands in a battle called Makassar War (1660-1669).
Later in the war the sultanate of Makassar was led by Sultan Hasannudin, but he could not break the power of the Kingdom of Bone, which was aided by the Dutch, who wanted to rule Makassar. Then Hasannudin was forced by the VOC to sign the agreement of Bungaya (18 November 1667) as a sign of surrender to the VOC.
Makassar was a free port that was important for all foreign traders and local merchants. This free trade lead to conflict with the Dutch, who wanted to force restrictions on shipping and monopoly of the spice trade. The dispute with the Netherlands eventually led to the collapse of the Sultanate of Makassar.
The Bungaya Agreement. Below is the content of the agreement between the Sultanate of Makassar with VOC (Dutch):
1. VOC gained monopoly rights in Makassar.
2. VOC was allowed to establish a fort in Makassar.
3. Makassar must release the colony like Bone.
4. All foreign nationals are expelled from Makassar, except VOC.
5. The Kingdom of Makassar was minimized as Gowa.
6. Makassar pay all debts of the war.
7. Aru Palaka was recognized as King of Bone.
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The history of Makasar, Gowa and Tallo is connected.

List of kings

* 1591-1629: Sultan Alauddin
* 1639-1653: Sultan Muhammad Said
* 1653-1669: Sultan Hasanuddin

– Sumber / Source: Wiki


Grave of Makasar / Gowa

The tomb of Sultan Hasanudin is located in Katangka, Kec. Somba Opu, Kab. Gowa.


Fortress of Rotterdam

The fort was built in 1545 by the 9th King of Gowa, named I Manrigau Daeng Bonto Karaeng Lakiung Tumapa’risi ‘kallonna. Initially this fort was made from clay, but during the reign of King Gowa 14th the construction was changed to a rock that is sourced from Karst Mountains in the Maros region.
– Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Rotterdam
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