The Sultanate of Makasar was a sultanate in the 16th century, District of Makasar, prov. South Sulawesi.
District of Makasar
* Foto sultans and kings today on Sulawesi: link
* Foto sultans and kings in the past on Sulawesi: link
* Foto kingdoms in the region of Poso: link
* Foto Bugis People: link
* Foto Toraja People: link
* Foto old sites on Sulawesi: link
History of the sultanate of Makasar
The Sultanate of Makassar was an Islamic sultanate in southern Sulawesi in the 16th century AD which at first was composed of a number of small kingdoms fighting each other. The area was united by the twin kingdoms of the Kingdom of Gowa and Tallo kingdom and became the Sultanate of Makassar. In the beginning of the Sultanate of Makassar there were two small kingdoms, called Kingdom of Gowa and Tallo Kingdom, located in the south-western peninsula of Sulawesi with a strategic position in the spice trade.
In a fairly long period, the Sultanate of Makassar (Gowa-Tallo) was involved in competition with the kingdom of Bone. The rivalry between the two forces eventually involved the intervention of the Netherlands in a battle called Makassar War (1660-1669).
Later in the war the sultanate of Makassar was led by Sultan Hasannudin, but he could not break the power of the Kingdom of Bone, which was aided by the Dutch, who wanted to rule Makassar. Then Hasannudin was forced by the VOC to sign the Bungaya Agreement (18 November 1667) as a sign of surrender to the VOC.
Makassar was a free port that was important for all foreign traders and local merchants. This free trade lead to conflict with the Dutch, who wanted to force restrictions on shipping and monopoly of the spice trade. The dispute with the Netherlands eventually led to the collapse of the Sultanate of Makassar.
The Bungaya Agreement. Below is the content of the agreement between the Sultanate of Makassar with VOC (Dutch):
- VOC gained monopoly rights in Makassar.
2. VOC was allowed to establish a fort in Makassar.
3. Makassar must release the colony like Bone.
4. All foreign nationals are expelled from Makassar, except VOC.
5. The Kingdom of Makassar was minimized as Gowa.
6. Makassar pay all debts of the war.
7. Aru Palaka was recognized as King of Bone.
List of kings
* 1591-1629: Sultan Alauddin
* 1639-1653: Sultan Muhammad Said
* 1653-1669: Sultan Hasanuddin
– Sumber / Source: Wiki
Grave of Makasar / Gowa
The tomb of Sultan Hasanudin is located in Katangka, Kec. Somba Opu, Kab. Gowa.
Fortress of Rotterdam