The Kingdom of Bungo Satangkai was a kingdom of the Minangkabau people, Province of West Sumatera. Located in the district of Tanah Datar.
This kingdom existed from the 5th century untill the 14th century.
District of Tanah Datar
History of the kingdom of Bungo Satangkai
The Kingdom of Bungo Setangkai was centered on the Tarab river, and existed from the middle of the 5th century AD to the middle of the 14th century AD. It was led by a king who had the title Datuk Ketumanggungan.
Dt. Katumanggungan was the son of Dt.Sri Maharajo Dirajo, while Dt. Parpatih Nan Sabatang, was a child from Cati Bilang Pandai or Dt.Suri Dirajo. Their mother was Puti Indo Jalito alias Bundo Kanduang.
Due to a disagreement with his younger brother, Dt. Parpatih Nan Sabatang, Dt. Katumanggungan decided to look for a new area.
Dt. Katumanggungan stopped in an area, where the nature felt beautiful, was fertile, and the people there were friendly. So the Katumanggungan group felt comfortable enough to live there, and Datuk Katumanggungan founded a kingdom called Bungo Satangkai on the Tarab River and entrusted it to Datuk Banadaro Putieh.
The kingdom of Bungo Satangkai continued to develop, and its system of sovereignty was called Koto Piliang.
Datuk Perpatih Nan Sebatang founded the Kingdom of Dusun Tuo di Lima Kaum. His prime-minister was Datuk Bandaro Kuniang.
In black: the Minangkabau People
History of the kingdoms in the Minangkabau area
The Pagaruyung Kingdom was founded by King Adityawarwan in 1343, which initially covered the former Bunga Setangkai kingdom and the former Dharmasyara kingdom.
Before the Pagaruyung Kingdom in Minangkabau, there were already other kingdoms that existed:
1) Kingdom of Pasumayan Koto Batu, which was centered in Pariangan, at the foot of Mount Merapi, approximately 3 centuries BC. The famous king was Sri Maharaja Di raja, who according to Tambo Alam Minangkabau was the son of Sultan Iskandar Zulkarnaen, who came from Egypt’s Alexandria. It was during the reign of Raja Sri Maharaja Diraja that cities and nagari (countries) were formed and each city and country had a datuk as traditional leader and they were at the same time absolute representatives of the sovereigns held by Sri Maharaja Diraja in Pariangan. His son Datuk Ketumanggungan and half-brother Datuk Perpatih Nan Sebatang and his biological mother Datuk Suri Dirajo were perfecting the custom and governance arrangements.
2) Kingdom of Lagundi Nan Baselo, centered on the Padang Panjang pariangan, existed from the middle of the 2nd century AD to the middle of the 5th century AD.
3) Kingdom of Bungo Satangkai. See above.
4) Kingdom of Dusun Tuo. Along with the Setangkai Kingdom there was also the kingdom of Dusun Tuo , which was centered in Lima Kaum, which was led by a king who had the title Datuk Perpatih Nan Sabatang. This kingdom did not last long until the 5th century, when it was united with the Satangkai Kingdom. The king was then given the title of of Gajah Gadang Patah Gadiang.
5) Dharmasraya kingdom. Along with the establishment of the Setangkai Kingdom, the Dharmasraya kingdom was also established, whose kings also came from Pariangan Padang Panjang. One of the famous kings, Tri Buwana Raja Mauliwarmadewa, married Puti Lenggogeni from the Bunga Setangkai Sungai Tarab kingdom, and gave birth to 3 children, namely, Puti Paraweswari or better known as Puti Dara Jingga, mother of King Adityawarman, Puti Indraswari or better known as Puti. Dara Petak, the mother of King Jayanegara. Raja Parameswar which is also known as Akarendrawan which in tambo is better known as Tuanku Raja Muda.
6) Kingdom of Bukit Batu Patah. The kingdom of Bukit Batu Patah was a kingdom that existed in Minangkabau before the founding of the Pagaruyung Kingdom and was a continuation of the Pasumayan Koto Baru Kingdom which was located in the present Tanah Datar district. The Bukit Batu Patah Kingdom was founded by Sutan Nun Alam, who still had family ties with Yang Dipertuan Bungo Kingdom Setangkai, Datuk Bandaro Putiah.
Old maps of Sumatera
For old maps of Sumatera (1565, 1588, 1598, 1601, 1616, 1620, 1707, 1725, 1760), klik here
Source (only indon. language)
– Sejarah kerajaan Bungo Satangkai di Wiki: Wiki
– Sejarah kerajaan Bungo Satangkai: http://ariefortunazone.blogspot.co.id/2009/06/kerajaan-dusun-tuo-dan-bungo-satangkai.html
– Sejarah kerajaan Dusun Tuo dan Bungo Satangkai: http://ariefortunazone.blogspot.co.id/2009/06/kerajaan-dusun-tuo-dan-bungo-satangkai.html