LiaE, Kerajaan / Nusa Tenggara Timur – Savu

Kerajaan LiaE adalah kerajaan di pulau Savu. Kab. Sabu Raijua, Prov. Nusa Tenggara Timur.

The Kingdom of LiaE was a kingdom on the island of Savu.

Klik foto untuk besar  !

Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur

Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur

Pulau Savu

Pulau Savu


* Foto pulau (island) Sawu: link
* Foto situs kuno / megalitik Sawu: link


Sejarah / History pulau Savu

Pulau Sabu juga dikenal sebagai Sabu atau Sawu. Warga di pulau itu sendiri menyebut pulau mereka Rai Hawu, yang berarti Tanah Hawu. Dan orang-orang Sabu menyebut diri Do Hawu. Nama resmi yang digunakan oleh pemerintah daerah adalah Sabu. Orang Sabu menjelaskan, bahwa nama pulau ini berasal dari nama Ga Hawu, nama salah satu dari nenek moyang mereka, yang dianggap datang ke pulau pertama. Kontak awal adalah dengan Belanda VOC pada tahun 1648. Referensi ke Sabu dari periode selalu menyangkut tentara Sabu, tentara bayaran atau budak. Pada 1674, awak sekoci Belanda dibantai di Timur Sabu, setelah kapal mereka kandas. Belanda merespon dengan membentuk aliansi dengan raja dari Seba, sehingga pasukan bisa dikirim untuk membalas. Namun, mereka gagal masuk benteng Hurati, di B’olou Desa Sabu Timur, seperti yang dikelilingi oleh tiga tembok pertahanan. Untuk menyelamatkan muka, kekuatan Belanda menerima pembayaran dalam bentuk budak, emas dan manik-manik.
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Sabu Island also known as Savu or Sawu. Residents on the island itself call their island Rai Hawu, which means Land of Hawu. And Sabu people call themselves Do Hawu. The official name used by local government is Sabu. Sabu people explains, that the island’s name is derived from the name of Ga Hawu, the name of one of their ancestors, who are considered came to the island first. Initial contact was with the Dutch Vereenigde Oost-Indische Companie in 1648. References to Savu from the period invariably concern Savunese soldiers, mercenaries or slaves. In 1674, the crew of a Dutch sloop were massacred in East Savu, after their vessel ran aground. The Dutch responded by forming an alliance with the raja of Seba, so troops could be sent in to retaliate. However, they failed to enter the fortress of Hurati, in B’olou Village of Eastern Savu, as it was ringed by three defensive walls. To save face, the Dutch force accepted payment in the form of slaves, gold and beads.


Daftar raja / List of kings LiaE

1) Kale L’odo was the 1st King recognized by The Netherlands.
2) Riwu Manu (2nd idem).
3) J’ami Riwu Manu (son 3, ruled f.i. in 1721).
4) 1726 – ?: Mone Bengu (1726-?).
5) 1747: Mone Bengu (f.i. in 1747 ?).
6) 1752-1765: Kore Rohi (f.i. between 1752-1756).
7) 1758-1760: Kore Lone (King or Fettor; ruled f.i. between 1758-1760).
8) 1767-1794: Manu Kore (before 1767 until at least 1794).

King Manu Kore of Liae ruled between 1767-1794. He was named as a minor ruler; in 1758 (as a minor, his ruling period were unknown).

9) 1832: (Ama Moye) Keloa….. (f.i. in 1832).
10) 1852-1859: (Ama Iye) Yote…..(before 1852-1859).
11) 1859-1868: (Ama B’aki) B’ela….. (1859-1868).

King (Ama B’aki) B’ela…. died of smallpox. In the following year, there was a smallpox epidimic, which decimated the population of the Savu Islands.

12) 1868-1918: Hendrik Ratu Manu (Ama Amoe) Manoe….. before baptism in ca. 1874. Last King of Savu-island to become Christian. 1868-1918 as independent ruler. Date of death is unknown. When his son died, King dynasty extinct in direct line. Then Fettor-age began to rule).
13)……..Riwu Ratu (19..-19..; son of 11).

Riwu Ratu was still ruling in 1936, but under the title of Fettor, because all the principalities were united by the Dutch between 1914 -1918 under Paramount-rule of King of Heb’a (Seba). Each former principality kept his own ruler. In 1905 the Fettor (vice-King) was Fettor Radja Hab’a, whose contract with the Dutch was recognized in 1894.

14) Rohi Radja Hab’a (son of the former Fettor of Liae, when Liae was still officially seperated principality, became later ruler of Liae. In 1940 he was already Fettor. Not certain if his son is now the present ruler of Liae.

Sumber / Sourcehttp://vecky-adoe.blogspot.co.id/2011/08/keluarga-kerajaan-liae.html


Peta kuno

klik peta untuk besar

Nusantara, tahun 1493

Kepulauan Sunda Kecil, tahun 1725


Sumber / Source

Daftar Raja:  http://vecky-adoe.blogspot.co.id/2011/08/keluarga-kerajaan-liae.html
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– Sejarah Kab. Savu Raijua: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kabupaten_Sabu_Raijua#Sejarah
– Suku Sabu (Savu): http://protomalayans.blogspot.co.id/2012/11/suku-sabu-nusa-tenggara-timur.html
– Sejarah Savu: http://savuraijuatourism.com/2/page/26/sejarah
– Sejarah Savu: http://nttonlinenow.com/home/89-cerita-ntt/3912-sejarah-sabu-raijua
– Sejarah Suku Savu: http://suku-dunia.blogspot.co.id/2015/01/sejarah-suku-sawu.html

English

– Royalty of Savu: link
Royals try to come back (2010): kerajaan indonesia


Foto

 Liae, 1900s. Sumber: Tropenmuseum, Netherlands

Liae, raja Liae, 1900s. Sumber: Tropenmuseum, Netherlands

Fettor / Raja of LiaE

Fettor / Raja of LiaE (foto ?)

Makam radja Manu Riwu, di Dara Rae Ege. Lokasi: desa Waduwala, Kec. Sabu Liae, Kabupaten Sabu Raijua. Sumber foto: Jefrison Hariyanto Fernando, FB.

Makam radja Manu Riwu, di Dara Rae Ege. Lokasi: desa Waduwala, Kec. Sabu Liae, Kabupaten Sabu Raijua. Sumber foto: Jefrison Hariyanto Fernando, FB.

Makam radja Manu Riwu, di Dara Rae Ege. Lokasi: desa Waduwala, Kec. Sabu Liae, Kabupaten Sabu Raijua. Sumber foto: Jefrison Hariyanto Fernando, FB.


1 Comment

One thought on “LiaE, Kerajaan / Nusa Tenggara Timur – Savu

  1. Still try to know his name.The other principalities in this island group are Timu,Messara/Mesara,Seba and Raijua.In ca. 1870 Menia was abolshed and united with Seba.

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