The kingdom of Limau was located on the island of Sangihe, centered in Makiwulaeng (Kendahe/Talawide), Kab. Kepulauan Sangihe, provinsi Sulawesi Utara.
The kingdom of Limu or also called Sahabelimu was in 1520 under the rule of Kulane Pahawon Seke.
Location of Sangihe
Location of Sangihe
* Foto kingdoms on the island of Sangihe: link
History of the kingdom of Limau
The kingdom of Limu or also called Sahabelimu was in 1520 under the rule of Kulane Pahawon Seke’s brother of Kulane Bulega Langi, based in Sahabe.
The first information about the kingdoms on Sangiheis by the records of Magellan clerk in 1421, Antonio Pigaffeta. At Sangihe, Pigafetta noted there were four kingdoms. Two in Siau and one in Tagulandang.
But three centuries later, the results of the writings of F. Valentijn who came to Sangihe early 18th century, mentioned initially only two kingdoms in Sangihe, namely Tabukan and Kalongan. According to him, there were 9 kingdoms in Sangihe in 1670, namely: Kendahe Kingdom, Taruna Kingdom, Kolongan Kingdom, Manganitu Kingdom, Kauhis Kingdom, Limau Kingdom, Tabukan Kingdom, Sawang Kingdom (Saban) and Tamako Kingdom.
A brief history of the kingdoms on the Sangihe Islands
Between 1000 and 1600 the Sangihe archipelago had 4 kingdoms (Kararatuang) which existed before the arrival of the Portuguese, Spanish and Dutch, namely:
1) Bowongtehu Kingdom,
2) Kingdom of Tamungan Lawo (Sangihe),
3) Mohonsohowang Kingdom,
4) Karangetang Kingdom (Siau).
Around 1670 nine kingdoms appeared in Sangihe, namely:
– Kendahe Kingdom,
– Kingdom of Taruna,
– Kingdom of Kolongan,
– Manganitu Kingdom,
– The Kingdom of Kauhis,
– The Kingdom of Limes,
– The Kingdom of the Tabs,
– Kingdom of Sawang (Saban) and
– Tamako Kingdom.
However, the last kingdom (Tamako) became part of Siau.
Meanwhile, the king of Limau was defeated by Padtbrugge’s troops. This kingdom was destroyed.
Sawang joined the Taruna Kingdom and the Kolongan Kingdom.
Kauhis joined Manganitu.
In 1898 the Kendahe Kingdom and the Taruna Kingdom were merged into one. In these two regions, in 1919, King Soleman Ponto ruled with his center in the present-day Kota Tahuna.
In the 1900s only six kingdoms emerged:
– The Kingdom of Tabukan,
– Kingdom of Manganitu,
– Kingdom of Siau,
– Kingdom of Kendahe and
– Kingdom of Tagulandang Kingdom, Talaud in 1922,
– Kingdom of Kandhar Taruna.
Source kingdom of Limau (only indon. language)
– Sejarah kerajaan Limau:http://9soputan9.blogspot.nl/2011/11/kerajaan-kendahe-dan-sekitarnya.html?spref=bl
– Sejarah kerajaan Limau:https://talaudnews.wordpress.com/2015/05/19/berdirinya-kerajaan-kerajaan-di-sangir-talaud/
Source kingdoms on Sangihe (only indon. language)
– Sejarah kerajaan di Sangihe: http://9soputan9.blogspot.co.id/2013/11/kerajaan-sangihe-talaud.html
– Sejarah kerajaan di Sangihe: http://dhevinadalinda.blogspot.co.id/2014/10/cerita-sejarah-raja-gumansalangi-raja.html
– Sejarah kerajaan di Sangihe: http://sangihekab.go.id/home/index.php?document_srl=855&mid=Sejarah
– Sejarah kerajaan di Sangihe: http://manado.tribunnews.com/2013/06/25/asal-usul-manado-siau-dan-sangihe-talaud
– Raja raja Sangihe Talaud: http://raja-rajasangihetalaud.blogspot.co.id/2016/08/800×600-normal-0-false-false-false-en.html
– Sejarah kerajaan-kerajaan di Sulawesi Utara: https://arkeologiriset.wordpress.com/2017/11/01/sejarah-sangihe-pilipin
Old maps of the islands of Sangihe, Talaud dan Tagulandang
Islands Sangihe (Sangir), Talaud and Tagulandang, 1700.
Islands Sangir (Sangir) and Talaud, 1724
Islands Sangihe (Sangir), Talaud and Tagulandang, 1894