The kingdom of Raijua was a kingdom on the island of Savu. District of Sabu Raijua.
Location of Savu
Tentang raja sekarang (2018)
right: Hernimus Riwu, king of Liae and left: king of Raijua.
About the kingdom
At the end of the 19th century, Rai Jua was home to 25 tribes; including Oedjoe D’ima, Kolo Hab’a, Lede Talo, Koro (Koroh), to name a few. The Dutch called the island Randjoea and also Bendjoar. At that time it had 1.300 inhabitants, among which many were Christians.
Palace of the king of Raijua: Teni Hawu
List of kings Raijua
1) Lomi Tulu (died 1794).
2) Raja Tulu (brother 1794 – ?) There is also mention of a J’ara Lay in this same year (1794), so perhaps the two brothers were actually Fettors/vice-rulers.
3) B’aku Ruha was the first King recognized by the Dutch.
4) (Ama Mehe) Tarie….. (Messe Tari) (1830-1868).
5) (Ama Loni) Kudji…..(1868-death 7/4/1915).
6) (Ama Med’a) Lay….. (son; 1915-19 the first Christian King, taking after baptism the extra name of Paulus, born 1865; until 16/6/1918 last independent King).
7) Pia Lay (died 1954).
8) Jeremias Huru (Heremia Huru; installed 1956; when rule of Savu-area became more together, he became also gov. fettor; 2nd one; born ca. 1901; died 18/4/1990; his son is Ama Kudji, if he is King now is not known).
9) Herminus Radja Kudji (first Gov/Fettor; probably not of royal lineage.
10) Bu Weler was a principality ruler; but probably not of royal lineage; f.i. in 1986; because Rai Jua was not easy to reach, was made seperate sub-district) (cq) traditional ruler. “Bu” is used to address an adult (male) as in “Your Excelency”.
11) In 1905-1907, Radja…(Ama Dj’aga) was Fettor, or vice-Regal of Rai Jua. His contract with the Dutch was recognized 3/6/1885. Supposedly that the Fettors of Savu also had to sign a contract, so that their status could be confirmed by the Dutch.
12) Lay Nj’eb’e (Nyeb’e) (mentioned in 1767).
Traditional House Boko-Raijua
History of the island of Sawu
Sabu Island is also known as Savu or Sawu. Residents on the island itself call their island Rai Hawu, which means Land of Hawu. And Sabu people call themselves Do Hawu. The official name used by local government is Sabu. Sabu people explains, that the island’s name is derived from the name of Ga Hawu, the name of one of their ancestors, who are considered came to the island first. Initial contact was with the Dutch Vereenigde Oost-Indische Companie in 1648. References to Savu from the period invariably concern Savunese soldiers, mercenaries or slaves. In 1674, the crew of a Dutch sloop were massacred in East Savu, after their vessel ran aground. The Dutch responded by forming an alliance with the raja of Seba, so troops could be sent in to retaliate. However, they failed to enter the fortress of Hurati, in B’olou Village of Eastern Savu, as it was ringed by three defensive walls. To save face, the Dutch force accepted payment in the form of slaves, gold and beads.
Sabu is not included in the list of Majapahit Empire (12th-14th century). But in some sites and in some ancient objects, especially those on the island of Raijua, there is the title Maja.
In 1674, the VOC’s de Carper ship crashed into a rock in the Dimu area. The ship was robbed and its crew was killed. With the help of the kings or leaders of the Amarasi tribe (Timor), the Termanu (Roti) and the Seba tribe, the VOC managed to besiege Hurati’s castle in Dimu area for several months.
In 1756, the VOC signed an agreement with five areas of Sabu; Seba, Mesara, Menia, Dimu and Liae. After some people converted to Christianity in the early days of Portuguese and Dutch population, Christianization and education grew slowly in Sabu than other islands such as Roti, Timor or Flores.
Savu has strong historical ties with Hinduism in Java and the people consider themselves of Hindu origin. The society still performs traditional animistic beliefs, known as Djingi Tiu. Dutch missionaries introduced Protestantism which remains on the islands today.
– Asal-Usul Orang Sabu: https://voxntt.com/2016/09/12/menarik-ini-asal-usul-orang-sabu-ntt/354/
– Sejarah Sabu Raijua: https://saburaijuakab.go.id/halaman/sejarah
– Sejarah Kab. Savu Raijua: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kabupaten_Sabu_Raijua#Sejarah
– Sejarah Suku Savu: http://suku-dunia.blogspot.co.id/2015/01/sejarah-suku-sawu.html
– Royals try to come back (2010): kerajaan indonesia