Sultanate of Jambi, ca. 1600 – 1903. Located on Sumatera, in the province of Jambi.
Province of Jambi
* Foto sultanate of Jambi: link
About the Sultan (2018)
1904 – 2012
There was a vacuum of the throne in the sultanate.
Sultan: Sultan Abdurrachman Thaha Safiuddin
The Sultan was installed in march 2012.
About Sultan Thaha Syaifuddin, installed 2012
The Malay Kingdom of the Jambi Sultanate has a sultan since 2012. The last Sultan Thaha Syaifuddinto died in battle in Betung Bedarah Village, Muara District Tabir, Tebo Regency in 1904 after being attacked by the dutch.
Until the beginning of 2012, the Malay Kingdom of the Jambi Sultanate, as part of the preservation of the historical and cultural assets of the Malay Archipelago, has not even been established. But the glory and fame of the Jambi Sultanate in the era of Sultan Thaha Syaifuddin in the past will be realized with the holding of the grand customary procession of the succession of Sultan Thaha Syaifuddin to Raden Abdurrachman Bin Raden Djak’far Kertopati, titled Pangeran Mudo, as the new Sultan of the Malay Kingdom of the Jambi Sultanate, along with Ratu Mas consort Siti Aisah Bin Raden Haji Usman Yasin titled Ratu Aisah Kusumo Ningrat. The coronation was held in the Ball Room of the Novita Hotel on Sunday, March 18, 2012.
In yellow: Sultan of Jambi. 2016
History sultanate of Jambi, 1600 – 1903
At the end of the 14th century Jambi was a vasal state of the kingdom of Majapahit and Javanese influences continued to color the Jambi sultanate during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.
The establishment of the Jambi Sultanate coincided with the rise of Islam in the region. In 1616 Jambi was the second richest port in Sumatra after Aceh, and in 1670 the kingdom was comparable to its neighbors such as Johor and Palembang. But the glory of Jambi did not last long. In the 1680s Jambi lost its position as a major pepper port, after the war with Johor and internal conflicts.
In 1903 Prince Ratu Martaningrat, descendent of Sultan Thaha, the last sultan, surrendered the Dutch. Jambi was combined with Palembang residency. Sultan Taha Jambi Syaifuddin was killed by Dutch soldiers in 1904.
In 1906 the Jambi Sultanate was officially dissolved by the Dutch Hinndia government.
Location of the sultanate of Jambi, and some other sultanates
Structure of the government of the sultanate
According to R. Sahabuddin (1954) in the book History of the National Awakening of Jambi (1978/1979), the government of the Sultanate of Jambi was led by a sultan, who was assisted by the pangeran ratu (crown prince), who headed the Rapat Dua Belas. The Rapat Dua Belas consist of two parts:
1. Kerapatan Patih Dalam (internal affaires)
2. Kerapatan Patih Luar (Foreign Ministerial Council)
Each Kerapatan consists of 6 people, 1 chairman and 5 members.
Patih Dalam is headed by the Crown Prince, who holds the title of Pangeran Ratu with members, who are given the title:
1. Pangeran Duke
2. Pangeran Suryo Notokusumo
3. Pangeran Jayadiningrat
4. Pangeran Aryo Jayakusumo
5. Pangeran Notomenggolo or Prince Werokusumo.
Kerapatan Patih Dalam is the Royal Council (Rijksraad), which serves as the legislative body (DPR) in the present.
Prince Ratu Martaningrat surrendered to the Netherlands in 1903.
List of Kings
* 1790 – 1812: Mas’ud Badruddin bin Ahmad Sultan Ratu Seri Ingalaga
* 1812 – 1833: Mahmud Muhieddin bin Ahmad Sultan Seri Ingalaga
* 1833 – 1841: Muhammad Fakhruddin bin Mahmud Sultan Keramat
* 1841 – 1855: Abdul Rahman Nazaruddin bin Mahmud
* 1855 – 1858: Thaha Safiuddin bin Muhammad (1st time)
* 1858 – 1881: Ahmad Nazaruddin bin Mahmud
* 1881 – 1885: Muhammad Muhieddin bin Abdul Rahman
* 1885 – 1899: Ahmad Zainul Abidin bin Muhammad
* 1900 – 1904: Thaha Safiuddin bin Muhammad (2nd time)
* 1904: Dihancurkan Belanda / Abolished by the Dutch
* 2012: Abdurrachman Thah Safiuddin (installation 18 march 2012)
– Sumber / Source: Wiki
A photo showing the Sultan of Jambi and his staff, source: Tropenmuseum
The period of the establishment of the Malay Kingdom on the island of Sumatra is almost the same as the Sriwijaya Kingdom. The location of the two kingdoms is relatively not far away. In general, this kingdom is divided into two periods, namely the Old Malayu Kingdom in the 7th century centered in Minanga Tamwa, and the Malayu Muda Kingdom in the 13th century centered on Dharmasraya.
The Old Malayu Kingdom or Old Malayu is often referred to as the Malay Kingdom of Jambi. The capital is in Minanga Tamwa or now around Muara Tebo (or Tebo District in Jambi Province, while the Malay Muda Kingdom is often called the Dharmasraya Kingdom, with the capital Dharmasraya.
Kingdom of Dharmasraya, Melayu Muda: https://sultansinindonesieblog.wordpress.com/sumatera/dharmasraya-malayu-muda-kerajaan/
Kingdom of Melayu Jambi, Melayu Tua: https://sultansinindonesieblog.wordpress.com/sumatera/malayu-kerajaan-kuno-abad-ke7-ke13/
Old maps of Sumatera
For old maps of Sumatera (1565, 1588, 1598, 1601, 1616, 1620, 1707, 1725, 1760), klik here
Source (indon. language)
– Sejarah kesultanan Jambi di Wiki: link
– Sejarah kesultanan Jambi di Melayuonline: link
– Bangkitnya kesultanan Jambi: http://www.kompasiana.com/fahman_habibi/bangkitnya-kerajaan-jambi_552a2e1ff17e61a467d623e5
– Sejarah kesultanan Islam Jambi: http://www.assajidin.com/2015/04/06/591/kesultanan-islam-jambi-dari-masa-ke-masa
– Sekitar tahun 600: Kerajaan Melayu Jambi Dharmasraya: http://www.kidnesia.com/Kidnesia/Archive/Sejarah-Indonesia/Zaman-Pra-Kolonial/Tahun-600-799/Sekitar-Tahun-600-Kerajaan-Malayu-Jambi-Dharmasraya
– Daftar Raja: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kesultanan_Jambi#Pemerintahan
– Dinobatkan Sultan baru 2012: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kesultanan_Jambi#Raden_Abdurrahman_Dinobat_Sebagai_Sultan_Ja