.Sultanate of Bima / Isl. of Sumbawa – Prov. Nusa Tenggara Barat

The Sultanate of Bima: founded in 1640. Located on the island of Sumbawa, in the district of Bima.

Location island of Sumbawa

Island of Sumbawa


* Foto  Sultanate of Bima: link
* Foto  palace (Museum) Asi Mbojo, kesultanan Bima: link
*
Foto installation sultan Bima ke-XVII (sept. 2016): link
* Video Tuha Ro Lanti” a ritual during the installation of Sultan
.Bima: link
* Video palace of the sultanate of Bima: link


About the King

18 sept. 2016: Muhammad Putera Ferryandi was installed as Jena Teke or Sultan Muda the-XVII. He is the son of the late Sultan of Bima the-XVI.


History

The Sultanate of Bima was a Muslim state in the eastern part of Sumbawa in Indonesia, at the site of the present-day regency of Bima. It was a regionally important polity which formed the eastern limit of Islam in this part of Indonesia and developed an elite culture inspired by Makassarese and Malay models. Bima was subjected to indirect colonial rule from 1669 to 1949 and ceased to be a sultanate in 1958.

The Hindu-Buddhist Bima Kingdom was the forerunner of the Sultanate of Bima. The indigenous name for the kingdom is Mbojo.
There are few historical sources about Bima from the 15th and 16th centuries. At least by the 17th century, the system of government was partly adapted to the system prevailing in the Kingdom of Gowa on Sulawesi. Besides the Sangaji (king) and the Tureli Nggampo (executive regent), the administration of the kingdom included appointed Tureli (ministers), Jeneli (subdistrict chiefs), and Gelarang (village headmen).

The kingdom of Makassar conducted a series of military campaigns in all directions in the early 17th century, partly with the aim to spread Islam in the archipelago. Sumbawa was attacked through three expeditions in 1618, 1619, and 1626. One rationale of the invasions was to secure deliveries of rice.
La Kai was installed as king number XXVII, with the title “Ta Ma Bata Wadu Ruma” (He who has a stone grave). According to the Bo this king was married to the sister of the wife of Sultan Alauddin of Makassar named Daeng Sikontu, who was the daughter of Karaeng Kassuarang. The king, hitherto known by the title Sangaji Bima, was entitled “Sultan” of Bima and adopted the Muslim name Sultan Abdul Kahir.
After Sultan Bima I died in 1640 he was succeeded by his son Sirajuddin or Sultan Abu’l-Khair who became Sultan Bima II. He was born in April 1627.
Now the influence of Islam was deepened through the efforts of the preacher Dato Maharajalela, who arrived to Bima with six Malay companions. The system of government changed and became based on “Hadat and Islamic Law”, in other words a mixture between indigenous customs and religious principles. It was valid until the reign of Sultan Bima XIII (Sultan Ibrahim, 1881-1915). He died on July 22, 1682 (17 Rajab 1099 AH), and was buried in Tolobali.

During the reign of Abu’l-Khair Sirajuddin the Makassar empire was soundly defeated by the Dutch East India Company (VOC) in 1667 and again in 1669. The Bima Sultanate surrendered to the VOC on 8 December 1669 with an agreement signed in Batavia (Jakarta).
The position of Bima and the other five kingdoms on Sumbawa was initially that of subordinated allies of the VOC.
The 19th century was otherwise a relatively tranquil period in the history of the sultanate. However, the Dutch colonial state increasingly tried to control local governance. In 1905 Bima was turned into a “fief” (leen) and Sultan Ibrahim had to give up the rights to foreign trade.
– Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bima_Sultanate


List of Kings

1) 1640: Sultan Abdul Kahir I (Ma bata wadu) installed 1640 and died few months after he was Sultan.
2) 1640-1682:  Sultan Abdul Khair Sirajuddin (Mantau Uma Jati)
3) 1682-1687:  Sultan Nuruddin, burried di Tolobali.
4) 1687-1696:  Sultan Jamaluddin (Sangaji Bolo). Died in prison in Batavia.
5) 1696-1731:  Sultan Hasanuddin.
6) 1731-1742:  Sultan Alauddin, Manuru Daha.
7) 1742-1773:  Sultan Abdul Qadim, Ma Waa Taho.
8) 1773-1795:  Sultanah Kumalasyah (Kumala Bumi Partiga). Exiled bij the british to Srilangka untill he died.
9) 1795-1819:  Sultan Abdul Hamid, Mantau Asi Saninu.
10) 1819-1854:  Sultan Ismail, Ma waa Alu.
11) 1854-1868:  Sultan Abdullah, Ma waa Adil.
12) 1868-1881:  Sultan Abdul Azis, Ma Waa Sampela.
13) 1881-1915:  Sultan Ibrahim, Ma Taho Parange.
14) 1915-1951:  Sultan Muhammad Salahuddin, Ma Kakidi Agama. Died in Jakarta.
15) 1945-2001:  Sultan Abdul Kahir II, Ma Busi Ro Mawo, Jena Teke. Awarded as Sultan by Majelis Adat wheen he died on 17 Juni 2001. (Catatan Alan Malingi).

juli 2013-des. 2013: Sultan Zulkarnain H. Ferry
des. 2013-…………..: Ferry Andi Dae Yendo. Belum dilantik, not yet installed (okt. 2015)
18 sept. 2016: Dilantik sultan Bima ke-XVII: Ferry Andi Dae Yendo.

– Source: link


Palaces

There are 5 palaces.

1) Istana Asi Mbojo

Istana Kesultanan Bima atau Asi Mbojo was built from 1927 untill finished in 1930.

Foto  Istana (Museum) Asi Mbojo, kesultanan Bima: link

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2)  Istana Asi Bou

ASI BOU was built after the establishment of Bima Palace in 1927, during the reign of Sultan Ibrahim (1881 – 1936). ASI BOU was built for the son of Muhammad Salahuddin. But after being crowned Sultan, Muhammad Salahuddin chose to stay in the old palace.

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3) Istana Asi Pota

Asi Pota is located in Pota Manggarai area. This palace was for the representative of theKing of Bima in Manggarai and surrounding areas. Usually those who were appointed as Naib were the sons of the sultan and the family or relatives of the sultan. It is estimated that the construction of Asi Pota was at the time of the expansion of Bima kingdom since the 15th century.

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4) Istana Asi Kalende

Asi Kalende is an old Palace built and built for the Ruma Bicara (Prime Minister).

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5) Asi Mpasa

This palace was the home for Sultan Ibrahim.

Foto foto Istana Asi Mpasa: link


Source (english)

– History on Wiki: Wiki
History on Melayuonline: link

Source (only indon. language)

– Sejarah kesultanan Bima di Wiki: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kesultanan_Bima
Sejarah kesultanan Bima di Melayuonline: link
– Sejarah kesultanan Bima: http://www.mjamil.net/2010/02/sejarah-kerajaan-bima-mbojo-dari-jaman.html
– Sejarah kesultanan Bima: http://bimakab.go.id/pages-sejarah-bima.html
– Sejarah kesultanan Bima: http://www.bimbie.com/sejarah-kesultanan-bima.htm
Daftar Sultan Bima: link
5 Istana kesultanan Bima: http://alan-malingi.blogspot.co.id/2016/03/negeri-5-istana.html

– Pelantikan Sultan 2013: link
Penobatan Sultan with foto’s (july 2013): link

– Sultan Ferry Zulkarnain meninggal (des. 2013): kompasiana.com