Kingdom of Wertuar / Prov. Papua Barat – Semenanjung Onin

The kingdom of Wertuar is a kingdom of the Heremba Clan. Located on the peninsula Onin, prov. Papua Barat.

Red circle: peninsula Onin.
Yellow circle: peninsula Bomberai


* Foto ancient sites on Papua: link
* Foto old Papua: link


About the king

Present king (2009): Raja Musa Heremba


History of the kingdom of Wertuar

One of the kingdomms of Papua is the kingdom of Wertuar, located west of the city of Kokas, one of the 3 main cities in the region of the Onin peninsula, where all 8 kingdoms of Papua are located. This area is ruled by dynasties originating in the region, a mixture of local / outside origin, or originally from Maluku.


List of kings of Wertuar

* …. – 1850:                Heremba
* 1850 – 1870:             Semempes
* 1870 – 1886:             Waraburi (not recognized as Raja)
* 1886 – 1913:             Lakatey Heremba (Raja from 1911)
* 1913 – 1952:             Paris Heremba
* 1952 – 1988:             Nazar Heremba (d. 1988)
* 1988 – …:                  Musa Heremba (b. 1955)

Source: http://www.worldstatesmen.org/Indonesia_princely_states2.html


Kingdoms on the peninsula Onin
.
On the Onin Peninsula, prov. West Papua there are three traditional kingdoms, namely:
– kingdom of Rumbati
– kingdom of Fatagar, and
– kingdom of Atiati.
The Kingdom of Rumbati is from the Bauw clan. At first the centres of the three kingdoms was located on the peninsula Onin, but because of the war that arose between the kingdom of Rumbati on the one hand against the kingdom of Fatagar and the kingdom of Atiati on the other side in 1878 (Cator l942: 81), the kingdom of Fatagar and the kingdom of Atiati moved their power center to the island of Ega.
Sometime later there was another dispute between the king of Fatagar and the king of Atiati, causing the king of Atiati to move his power center to a place on the shore of Onin Peninsula, which was then called Atiati, opposite the island of Ega. While the king of Fatagar moved his power center to a place called Merapi, located east of the city of Fakfak now.
In addition to the three kingdoms mentioned above there were also several other kingdoms that were originally under the rule of the kingdom of Rumbati, but later managed to gain recognition as its own kingdom especially in the early days pax neerlandica (1898):

kerajaan Patipi,
kerajaan Sekar,
kerajaan Wertuar

Arguni kingdom.


Kingdoms on Prov. West Papua

NB:
kerajaan = kingdom
marga = Clan

1) Peninsula Bomberai

Kerajaan Aiduma
Kerajaan Kowiai/kerajaan Namatota

2) Peninsula Onin

Kerajaan Fatagar (marga Uswanas)
Kerajaan Rumbati (marga Bauw)
Kerajaan Atiati (marga Kerewaindżai)
Kerajaan Patipi
Kerajaan Sekar (marga Rumgesan)
Kerajaan Wertuar (marga Heremba)
Kerajaan Arguni

3) Raja Empat

Kerajaan Waigeo
Kerajaan Misool/Lilinta (marga Dekamboe)
Kerajaan Salawati (marga Arfan)
Kerajaan Sailolof/Waigama (marga Tafalas)
Kerajaan Waigama

4) Papua Barat, kab. Kaimana

Kerajaan Kaimana


The history of the kingdoms of Prov. West Papua

Google translation

According to Kakawin Nagarakretagama written between September-October 1365, Wwanin / Onin (Fakfak District) was an area of ​​influence of Majala Majapahit Kingdom, this region may be part of the Hindu kingdom colonies in the Maluku Islands recognized by Majapahit conquest.

In his book “Neiuw Guinea”, WC. Klein also explained the early facts of the influence of the Bacan kingdom on Papua. There he writes: in 1569 Papuan leaders visited the kingdom of Bacan. According to the oral history of the Biak people, there was a relationship and marriage between their tribal chiefs and the sultans of Tidore. The Biak tribe was the largest Melanesian tribe that spreads on the northern coast of Papua, therefore the Biak language is also the most widely used and considered as the language of Papuan unity. Due to the relation of coastal areas of Papua to the Sultan-Sultan of Maluku there were several local kingdoms (pertuanan), which indicate the entry of feudalism system which is not the original culture of ethnic Papua.

In the Raja Ampat Islands located off the coast of Papua there are 4 traditional kingdoms belonging to the mandala territory of Bacan and the sultanate of Ternate, each of which was the kingdom of Waigeo, with its central power in Wewayai, Waigeo island; Salawati kingdom, with a power center in Samate, the island of Salawati Utara; the Sailolof empire with the center of power in Sailolof, South Salawati island, and the kingdom of Misol, with the center of power in Lilinta, Misol island.

In 1660, the VOC had signed an agreement with the Tidore sultan in which Tidore recognized the Dutch protectorate of the people of West Irian. This agreement clearly covered the inhabitants of the islands between Maluku and Irian. Obviously, Tidore never actually controlled Irian. So the Dutch protectorate is just a legal fiction.

Tidore considered himself the superior of Biak. At that time, Malay traders began to visit the island of Irian. It is precisely this view of Tidore which is the reason the Dutch consider the western part of the island is part of the Dutch East Indies.

Since the 16th century, in addition to the Raja Ampat Islands belonging to the Sultan of Bacan and the Sultan of Ternate, other areas of Papua are the coastal areas of Papua from the island of Biak (as well as the Biak distribution areas) until Mimika is part of the mandala territory of Tidore Sultanate, a a large empire adjacent to the territory of Papua.
In 1826 Pieter Merkus, the Dutch governor of Maluku, heard rumors that England began to enter the coast of Irian in the east of the Aru Islands. He decided the group to explore the beach until Dolak Island. Two years later, the Dutch built the Fort Du Bus, which is now the city of Lobo, with the ultimate goal of blocking other European powers landed in western Irian. Fort Du Bus was abandoned in 1836.
In 1872, Tidore recognized the authority of the Kingdom of the Netherlands upon him.

The Dutch returned to Irian in 1898. Irian was divided between the Netherlands, Germany (northern part of eastern Irian) and England (southern part of eastern Irian). The arc line 141 is recognized as the eastern boundary of western Irian. In 1898 – 1949, western Papua was known as Dutch New Guinea.


Sumber

Daftar raja Wertuar: http://www.worldstatesmen.org/Indonesia_princely_states2.html

Sejarah kerajaan2 Papua Barat: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Papua_Barat_%28wilayah%29
– Kerajaan2 Islam di Papua: http://www.gurusejarah.com/2015/01/kerajaan-kerajaan-islam-di-papua.html
– Kerajaan2 di Semenanjung Onin: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Semenanjung_Onin
– Sistem kerajaan2 tradisional di Papua: http://papuaweb.org/dlib/s123/mansoben/05.pdf
– Sejarah kerajaan2 di Papua Barat: http://marlinapuspita3.blogspot.co.id/2013/11/papua-barat-wilayah_22.html
– Kerajaan2 di Semenanjung Bomberai: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Semenanjung_Bomberai
Kerajaan2 di kepulauan Raja empat: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kepulauan_Raja_Ampat
– Sejarah kepulauan Raja empat: http://www.marikoworld.com/travels/indonesia/raja-ampat/