Kingdom of Kandis / Sumatera, Prov. Riau

The kingdom of Kandis, first century AD. Located in the District of Kuantan Singingi, province of Riau.

District of Kuantan Singingi

* Foto sultans and kings today on Sumatera: link
* Foto sultans and kings on Sumatera in the past: link

* Foto kingdoms in Simalungun area: link
* Foto small kingdoms in Aceh in the past: link

* Foto Minangkabau People: link
* Foto Batak People: link
* Foto old sites on Sumatera: link

History of the kingdom of Kandis

The kingdom of Kandis was the oldest kingdom on Sumatra, which was located in Koto Alang, in the region of Lubuk Jambi, Kuantan, prov. of Riau.
Kandis kingdom was estimated to exist in the first century AD, before the founding of the kingdoms of Moloyou and Dharmasraya in Central Sumatra. Two figures, who are often referred to as the king of this kingdom, are Patih and Tumenggung.
The kingdom of Kandis appeared at Bukit Bakar, ruled by King Darmaswara, who was connected with Daswara. King Darmaswara was assisted to  run the government by Patih and Temenggung and a Minister of Commerce. Darmaswara built a magnificent palace as the central government named Dhamna Palace.
With the establishment of new kingdoms, issues about territory, arose between the warring kingdoms. Koto Alang attacked Kancil Putih, and the
kingdom of Kandis attacked Koto Alang and was defeated by Kandis. Koto Alang kingdom did not want to be governed by Kandis, so king Aur Kuning moved to Jambi, while Patih and Temenggung moved to Merapi.
Not long afterwards, Kandis royal dignitaries were killed by King Sintong from China, this expedition is known as Sintong expedition. After defeating Kandis, King Sintong along with his soldiers went on a trip to Jambi.

Location Kandis kingdom

Source (english)

History of Kandis:
History of Kandis:


Perspektif Palace Dhamna (name palace of kingdom of Kandis)


Stone pillars suspected of former palace towers

Batu Karst is suspected as a royal fence outside the kingdom


The cave that was allegedly entrance of the palace of Kandis.

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