Kingdom of Kandis / Sumatera, Prov. Riau

The kingdom of Kandis, first century AD. Located in the district of Kuantan Singingi, province of Riau.

Provinsi Riau

* Foto’s ancient sites, tribes on Sumatera and old Sumatera: link

History of the kingdom

The kingdom of Kandis was the oldest kingdom in Sumatra, which was located in Koto Alang, in the region of Lubuk Jambi, Kuantan, Riau.
Kandis kingdom was estimated to exist in the first century AD, before the founding of the kingdoms of Moloyou and Dharmasraya in Central Sumatra. Two figures who are often referred to as the king of this kingdom are Patih and Tumenggung.
Then the kingdom of Kandis appeared at Bukit Bakar, ruled by King Darmaswara, who was connected with Daswara. King Darmaswara was assisted to  run the government by Patih and Temenggung and a Minister of Commerce. Darmaswara built a magnificent palace as the central government named Dhamna Palace.
With the establishment of new kingdoms, issues about territory, arose between the warring kingdoms. Koto Alang attacked Kancil Putih, and then the
kingdom of Kandis attacked Koto Alang and was defeated by Kandis. Koto Alang  kingdom did not want to be governed by Kandis, so king Aur Kuning moved to Jambi, while Patih and Chief moved to Merapi.
Not long afterwards, Kandis royal dignitaries were killed by King Sintong from China, his expedition is known as Sintong expedition. After defeating Kandis, King Sintong along with his soldiers went on a trip to Jambi.

Location Kandis kingdom

Source (english)

History of Kandis:
History of Kandis:

Source (indon. language)

– Sejarah kerajaan Kandis:
Sejarah kerajaan Kandis:
– Sejarah kerajaan Kandis:
Sejarah kerajaan Kandis di Melayuonline: link
Sejarah kerajaan Kandis di Wiki: Wiki
– Sejarah awal kerajaan Minangkabau (Kandis, Koto Alang, Kancil Putih, Pasumayan Koto Batu):
– Sejarah Koto Alang:


Perspektif Palace Dhamna (name palace of kingdom of Kandis)

Stone pillars suspected of former palace towers

Batu Karst is suspected as a royal fence outside the kingdom

The cave that was allegedly entrance of the palace of Kandis.