Bakkara, kingdom (dynasty Sisingamangaraja) / Prov. Sumatera Utara – Tanah Batak

The kingdom of Bakkara was located on Sumatera, south of the Toba Lake, prov. North Sumatera. 16th Century.

Location of Bakkara, district Humbang Hasundutan


Line history kingdoms on Sumatera: link


Foto kingdoms / sultanates on Sumatera

* Foto sultans and kings today on Sumatera: link
* Foto sultans and kings in the past on Sumatera: link


Video history of the kingdoms / sultanates on Sumatera

* Video history kingdoms on Sumatera, 75.000 BC – today: link
* Video history kingdoms on North Sumatera, 0 AD – today: link
*
Video history kingdoms on West Sumatera, 0 AD – today, link


About the king of Bakkara (2019)

There is information about the king or the royal family today.

Raja Boental, heir, son of Sisingamangaraja XII.


History of the kingdom of Bakkara

Batak civilization in Sumatra  began in nearly  3.000 years ago, through the course of a long history as a race Proto Malay (Melayu Tua) who have a religion, customs, traditions, science and philosophy are high. This Batak tribe has its own cultural characteristics on the traditions, customs, art houses, carvings, music, language, alphabet, calendar and astronomical knowledge.

History of Ancient Batak (Old Toba) in Sumatra notes that there were three royal dynasties:
1) Dynasty Sori Mangaraja
2) Dynasty Hatorusan
3) Dynasty Sisingamangaraja

Dynasty Sisingamangaraja

Bakara was the center of government of the Toba Kingdom under the leadership of the Sisingamangaraja Dynasty (Bakara: Huta Harajaon Toba, Tatuan ni Sisingamangaraja) from the 16th to the 20th century.
Sisingamangaraja I, born in 1515, Sisingamangaraja XII died in 1907).

According to the information that can be gathered, Raja Manghuntal was born in 1520 and was crowned King Sisingamagaraja I in 1550 on the island of Mussung Babi by King Uti VII. After that in 1555 he returned to Bakkara and founded the Bakkara kingdom.

Sisingamangaraja XII (born in Bakara, 18 February 1845 – died in Dairi, 17 June 1907 at the age of 62 years) was a fighter against the Dutch, then appointed by the Indonesian government as a National Hero of Indonesia

In the era of the ancient Batak kingdom of the Bakkara dynasty, Balige was a strategic area that became the trading area and political center of the Bakkara dynasty. It was marked by the establishment of Onan Balige (Balairung) as the center of Sisingamangaraja government and politics. And the grave of the national hero Sisingamangaraja was also built in the village of Batu Balige.

During time as the center of the Sisingamangaraja kingdom, Bakkara experienced at least several wars.
The first was by the Paderi troops from Bonjol led by Panglima Tuanku Rao when they attempted to subdue Sisingamangaraja X (the grandmother of Op. Pulo Batu) and at the same time efforts to Islamize the interior Batak community. Tuanku Rao did succeed in killing Sisingamangaraja X, but failed to convert the Batak people in North Tapanuli at that time.

Then the Dutch invaded Bakkara twice in pursuit of Sisingamangaraja XII. But twice the Dutch failed to capture Sisingamangaraja XII. To weaken Sisingamangaraja XII’s authority in the eyes of the Batak people, the Dutch burned down the entire Bakkara, including the Sisingamangaraja palace complex and its Bale Pasogit (a place considered sacred by Sisingamangaraja). Sisingamangaraja XII’s struggle continued until June 17, 1907. In a battle at Lae Sibulbulen Hill, Sisingamangaraja XII died after a Dutch bullet from the Dutch troops penetrated his chest.


Source (english)

History of Bakkara: http://landofbakara.blogspot.co.id/2012/06/three-dynasty-kingdom-of-old-batak-in.html

Source (only indon. language)

– Sejarah negeri Bakkara: http://haposanbakara.blogspot.co.id/2012/06/tiga-dinasti-kerajaan-di-tanah-batak.html
– Sejarah negeri Bakkara: https://protapanuli.wordpress.com/2008/07/19/bakkara/
– Sejarah negeri Bakkara: http://humbahas.blogspot.co.id/2006/08/dinasti-dinasti-batak.html


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