Principality of Sipolha / Prov. Sumatera Utara – Kab. Simalungun

Partoeanon Sipolha was a partoeanon (principality) of the Simalungun People, Damanik clan. Located on Sumatera, in the district Simalungun, prov. North Sumatera.

Provinsi of North Sumatera

District of Simalungun


* Foto kingdoms in Simalungun area: link
*
Foto kingdoms on Sumatera: link


About the principality of Sipolha

There is no information about this principality.


History of the kingdoms in the Simalungun area

Google translation

In its history there are 3 (three) phases of kingdoms, that once ruled and reigned in Simalungun.
The first phase is the two kingdom phase (harajaon na dua):

NB: Marga = Clan

* Kingdom of Nagur (marga Damanik) dan
* Kingdom of Batanghio (marga Saragih).

The second phase is the phase of 4 kingdoms:

* Kingdom of Siantar (marga Damanik),
* Kingdom of Panai (marga Purba Dasuha),
* Kingdom of Silau (marga Purba Tambak), dan
Kingdom of Tanoh Jawa (marga Sinaga).

The third phase is the phase of 7 kingdoms:

* Kingdom of Siantar (marga Damanik),
Kingdom of Panai (marga Purba Dasuha),
* Kingdom of Silau (marga Purba Tambak),
Kingdom of Tanoh Jawa (marga Sinaga),
Kingdom of Raya (marga Saragih Garingging),
Kingdom of Purba (marga Purba Pakpak) dan
* Kingdom of Silimakuta (marga Purba Girsang) (Damanik, 2010:1-2).

This third phase begins with the actions of the Dutch government to form a government in the Simalungun region, by treating Belsuit Governor General of the Dutch East Indies Stbl. No 531 of 1906 with the arrangement of seven Kingdoms, called “Napal Kings”.

Map of kingdoms in Sumatera Utara, 19th century

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Map of district Simalungun today with boundaries of the old kingdoms


Explanation of the foto below (only indon. language)

Partuanon di Sipolha Tahun 1934 dari Collectie: KITLV di Belanda
Tampak Photo Tuan Raja Pinta Panaluan Jati Hamonangan Damanik / Gelar Tuan Paraloangin Damanik Tuan Jambur Na Bolag Sipolha ( anak kedua Si Ria Kadi /Toean Van Manik Sipolha / Opung Nai Simin , alinea ke 26 Korte Verklaring Kerajaan Siantar ) , berdiri ditengah memakai baju putih, celana putih dan berkopiah hitam dihapit oleh Tuan Jukkar Damanik ( Tuan Huta Bolon Pamatang Sipolha Anak pertama Si Tahan Batoe / Toean Van Sipolha / Opung Nai Tukkup , alinea ke 25 Korte Verklaring Kerajaan Siantar ) dan Tuan Kalabosar Damanik ( Tuan Dolok Maraja Sipolha anak pertama Si Ria Kadi / Toean Van Manik Sipolha)

Dan Tampak Puang Bolon R. Mesta Huria br Sinaga berkebaya & memakai bulang di sebelah kiri di hapit oleh 2 orang Belanda / menjauhi Kaha Kahanya / Adat di Sipolha (Para Staf ADM Afdeling Simeloengoen en de Karolanden saat berkunjung ke Sipolha (Salah satu wilayah sentrum kebangsawanan Simalungun di Tepi Danau Toba),


Source (only indon. language)

– Sejarah kerajaan Simalungun:  http://uun-halimah.blogspot.co.id/2007/12/raja-dan-kerajaan-di-simalungun.html
Sejarah kerajaan Simalungun: http://awisaragih.blogspot.co.id/2011/03/kerajaan-simalungun-dan-siantar.html
– Sejarah kerajaan Simalungun: http://tondangmargana.blogspot.co.id/2013/02/sejarah-singkat-kerajaan-kerajaan.html
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– Sejarah Suku Simalungun di Wiki: Wiki
Marga marga Simalungun: link
Sejarah marga Purba di Wiki: Wiki
Sejarah marga Saragih di Wiki: link
Sejarah marga Sinaga di Wiki: link
Sejarah marga Damanik di Wiki: link
Asal usul bangsa Simalungun: link