Kingdom of Seba (Heba) / Isl. of Sawu – Prov. of Nusa Tenggara Timur

The kingdom of Seba was a kingdom on the island of Savu. Prov. of Nusa Tenggara Timur, district of Sabu Raijua.

Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur


* Foto island of Sawu: link
* Foto ancient sites on Sawu: link


About the king today (2018)

There is no information about the king today.


History of the kingdom

There is no information about the history of this kingdom.


List of kings Seba

1) Kore Rohi was the 1st King recognized by Portugese.
2) J’ami Kore.
3) Hab’a J’ami.
4) Lay Hab’a.
5) Bire Lay.
6) Riwu Bire.
7) Lomi Riwu.
8) Ina Tenga (her Savunese Loving Name), (Beni Ae/Queen) died in 1684. Her first Savunese name is not known. Succeded by her nephew, a son of her brother Lay Lomi.
9) J’ara Lomi (a succesor before 1694, brother of Lay Lomi and Ina Tenga).
10) Wadu Lay (mentioned between 1710 and 1731, son of Lay Lomi, nephew of Dj’ara Lomi and Ina Tenga).
11) J’ara Wadu (son of Wadu Lay, mentioned: 1746 or ’47-1761 or ’67).
12) Lomi J’ara (known also as Ama Doko: his Savunese loving name. He is known from the Visit of Captain Cook in 1770 and died in November 1778. He is a son of J’ara Wadu (Dj’ara Wadu).
13) Doko Lomi (eldest son of Lomi Dj’ara 1790-1794). Some information mentioned that Doko Lomi succeded his father about ten years earlier which was from 1778.

A certain Meha Mano (Mesa Mano) was made fettor of Heb’a (Seba) after his deceased father in the year 1790. Meha is subtitute for Mesak or Mesach.

14) Riwu Doko (son;until 18..)??
15) Bire Doko (brother; until 1830)??
15) Dj’ara….. (Ama Loni)(different lineage; 1830-1859).
16) Talo Dj’ara (Ama D’ima)(son; 1859-1863).
17) (Ama Nia) Dj’awa….. (son of 16; 1863-186 .
18) Kaho Dj’awa (Ama Doko) (son; first Christian King; also named Sjarle Kaho Dj’awa; 1868-1881; died).
19) Lazarus Rohi Dj’awa (Rosi Dj’awa) (1881 – his death 12/2/1890; brother).
20) Alexander Rihi Dj’awa (1890 – his death 1901; brother).
21) Elias Ludji Radja Pono (1901 – his death 2/11/1906; brother).

The brother of 20 until 23 was King (Ama Ludji) Dimu….. of Melolo/Sumba, who ruled there f.i. in 1890.

24) Samuel Thomas Dj’awa (Logo Rihi); son of 22; 1906 ruled until his death 28/9/1935; born 16/4/1885; from 1914-1918 he was made by Dutch the chief of a sort federation of the 5 principalities of the Savu Islands.
25) Paulus Charles Dj’awa (Rohi Rihi; brother; 1935 – his death in 1963).
26) David D. Bire Ludji (of different lineage; 1963-19../died 1992).
He was also the last ruler of the Seba pricipality.

Source: link (tidak ada lagi di internet)


The palace

The palace was built in 1875 ago and is located in the District of Sabu Barat, Sabu Raijua District.
The Palace of Teni Hawu was founded by King Sabu to IX-XI. Now the palace is managed by Agustina, the fourth descendant of King Sabu to-XI.
Inside the Palace of Teni Hawu there are still documents and equipment used by the King to unite Sabu society. Likewise in the front of the Palace there are 2 pieces of cannon that is still are intact. It is said, that the two guns were the cannons that the Japanese army dropped during the second world war aimed at paralyzing the King’s power. But the cannon was not able to explode, because of the power of the masters protecting the palace.


History of the island of Sawu

Sabu Island is also known as Savu or Sawu. Residents on the island itself call their island Rai Hawu, which means Land of Hawu. And Sabu people call themselves Do Hawu. The official name used by local government is Sabu. Sabu people explains, that the island’s name is derived from the name of Ga Hawu, the name of one of their ancestors, who are considered came to the island first. Initial contact was with the Dutch Vereenigde Oost-Indische Companie in 1648. References to Savu from the period invariably concern Savunese soldiers, mercenaries or slaves. In 1674, the crew of a Dutch sloop were massacred in East Savu, after their vessel ran aground. The Dutch responded by forming an alliance with the raja of Seba, so troops could be sent in to retaliate. However, they failed to enter the fortress of Hurati, in B’olou Village of Eastern Savu, as it was ringed by three defensive walls. To save face, the Dutch force accepted payment in the form of slaves, gold and beads.

Sabu is not included in the list of Majapahit Empire (12th-14th century). But in some sites and in some ancient objects, especially those on the island of Raijua, there is the title Maja.

In 1674, the VOC’s de Carper ship crashed into a rock in the Dimu area. The ship was robbed and its crew was killed. With the help of the kings or leaders of the Amarasi tribe (Timor), the Termanu (Roti) and the Seba tribe, the VOC managed to besiege Hurati’s castle in Dimu area for several months.
In 1756, the VOC signed an agreement with five areas of Sabu; Seba, Mesara, Menia, Dimu and Liae. After some people converted to Christianity in the early days of Portuguese and Dutch population, Christianization and education grew slowly in Sabu than other islands such as Roti, Timor or Flores.

Savu has strong historical ties with Hinduism in Java and the people consider themselves of Hindu origin. The society still performs traditional animistic beliefs, known as Djingi Tiu. Dutch missionaries introduced Protestantism which remains on the islands today.


Source (English)

– Royalty of Savu: link
Royals try to come back (2010): kerajaan indonesia

Source (only indon. language)

Daftar Raja:  http://vecky-adoe.blogspot.co.id/2011/08/keluarga-kerajaan-liae.html
———————-
– Sejarah Kab. Savu Raijua: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kabupaten_Sabu_Raijua#Sejarah
– Suku Sabu (Savu): http://protomalayans.blogspot.co.id/2012/11/suku-sabu-nusa-tenggara-timur.html
– Sejarah Savu: http://savuraijuatourism.com/2/page/26/sejarah
– Sejarah Savu: http://nttonlinenow.com/home/89-cerita-ntt/3912-sejarah-sabu-raijua
– Sejarah Suku Savu: http://suku-dunia.blogspot.co.id/2015/01/sejarah-suku-sawu.html


Foto

The fettor of Seba tahun 1954. Maybe he is son of ex- Fettor Lawa Riwu alias Gabrial Manus. Source: donald tick, FB.

Radja Samuel Th, Djawa of Seba since 1906,since 1915, died 1935 also raja of the Savoe-islands federation. Sumber foto: Donald Tick, Facebook.

King of Seba (Sawu) ca. 1870

King of Seba, Lazarus Rosi Djawa (1881-1890)

DoaE Paulus Ch Djawa of Seba-Savoe. Sumber donald tick, Facebook