Kingdom of Sriwijaja / Sumatera

The kingdom of Sriwijaya: 670 – 1180. Located on Sumatera. The centre of this kingdom was located in Palembang area. Province of South Sumatera.

Location of Palembang

* Foto kingdom of Sriwijaya: link
Video remains kingdom of Sriwijaya: link
Video komplex Candi Muaro: link

Line history kingdoms on Sumatera: link

Foto kingdoms / sultanates on Sumatera

* Foto sultans and kings today on Sumatera: link
* Foto sultans and kings in the past on Sumatera: link

Video history of the kingdoms / sultanates on Sumatera

* Video history kingdoms on Sumatera, 75.000 BC – today: link
* Video history kingdoms on North Sumatera, 0 AD – today: link
Video history kingdoms on West Sumatera, 0 AD – today, link


History of the kingdom of Sriwijaya, 670 – 1180

Srivijaya was a dominant thalassocratic Malay city-state based on the island of Sumatra, Indonesia, which influenced much of Southeast Asia. Srivijaya was an important centre for the expansion of Buddhism from the 8th to the 12th century. Srivijaya was the first unified kingdom to dominate much of Malay archipelago. In Sanskrit, śrī means “fortunate”, “prosperous”, or “happy” and vijaya means “victorious” or “excellence”.

The earliest reference to it dates from the 7th century. A Tang Chinese monk, Yijing, wrote that he visited Srivijaya in 671 CE for six months. The earliest known inscription in which the name Srivijaya appears also dates from the 7th century in the Kedukan Bukit inscription found near Palembang, Sumatra, dated 16 June 682 CE. Between the late 7th and early 11th century, Srivijaya rose to become a hegemon in Southeast Asia. It was involved in close interactions, often rivalries, with the neighbouring Java, Kambuja and Champa. Srivijaya’s main foreign interest was nurturing lucrative trade agreements with China which lasted from the Tang to the Song dynasty. Srivijaya had religious, cultural and trade links with the Buddhist Pala of Bengal, as well as with the Islamic Caliphate in the Middle East.

The kingdom ceased to exist in the 13th century due to various factors, including the expansion of the rival Javanese Singhasari and Majapahit empires. After Srivijaya fell, it was largely forgotten. It was not until 1918 that French historian George Cœdès, of École française d’Extrême-Orient, formally postulated its existence.
– Source and more:


Kingdom of  Sriwijaya, century X – XI

List of kings

* 671:  Dapunta Hyang or Sri Jayanasa (engl.: link)
* 702:  Sri Indrawarman, Shih-li-t-‘o-pa-mo. Envoy to Tiongkok 702-716, 724
* 728:  Rudra Vikraman, Lieou-t’eng-wei-kong. Envoy Tiongkok 728-742
* 743-774: no information about this period.
* 775:  Sri Maharaja. Prasasti Ligor B in 775 at Nakhon Si Thammarat, south Thailand and conquered Camboja.
* 778:  Dharanindra or Rakai Panangkaran.
* 782:  Samaragrawira or Rakai Warak. Prasasti Nalanda and prasasti Mantyasih fom the year 907.
* 792:  Samaratungga or Rakai Garung. Prasasti Karang Tengah in the years 824, 825 finished the Borobudur.
* 856:  Balaputradewa. disappeared from Jawa Jawa, came back to Suwarnadwipa. Prasasti Nalanda 860, India
* 960:  Sri Udayaditya Warmadewa, Se-li-hou-ta-hia-li-tan. Envoy to Tiongkok 960, & 962
* 988:  Sri Cudamani Warmadewa, Se-li-chu-la-wu-ni-fu-ma-tian-hwa
* 1008:  Sri Mara-Vijayottunggawarman, Se-li-ma-la-pi.Prasasti Leiden & envoy to Tiongkok 1008
* 1025:  Sangrama-Vijayottunggawarman. Was attacked by Rajendra Chola I and became captive. Prasasti Tanjore.

– Sumber / Source: Wiki

Candi Biaro Bahal

Source (english)

– History Sriwijaya on Wiki: link
– History of Sriwijaya:
List of kings Wiki: Wiki
List of king: link

Muara Takus Temple in Riau, Sumatra. Muara Takus temple is the oldest temple site in Sumatera, is the only historical site in the form of temple in Riau. This Buddhist temple is proof that Buddhism once flourished in this region.

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