Kingdom of Luwu / Prov. Sulawesi Selatan – kab. Luwu

The Kingdom of Luwu, already existed in the 10th century. It located in the district Luwu. South Sulawesi. It is a kingdom of the Bugis People. In 1889, the Governor of the Dutch East Indies in Makassar stated that Luwu’s heyday was between the 10th and 14th centuries, but there is no further evidence.
The title of the king is Datu.

District Luwu

* Foto kingdom of Luwu: link
* Foto palace kingdom of Luwu: link 

Line of kingdoms on Sulawesi: link

Foto kingdoms on Sulawesi

* Foto kings on Sulawesi today: link
* Foto kings on Sulawesi in the past: link
* Foto old sites on Sulawesi: link

Video history kingdoms on Sulawesi

– Video history kingdoms on Sulawesi, 40.000 BC – 2018: link
– Video history kingdoms on South Sulawesi, 1AD – 2020: link
– Video history kingdoms on Sulawesi Tenggara, 50.000 BC – 2020: link
– Video history kingdoms on North Sulawesi, 4000 BC – today: link


About the King

Present Datu of Luwu (2020): Datu Luwu XXXX, Andi Maradang Makkulau.

History of the kingdom of Luwu

The Kingdom of Luwu (also Luwuq or Wareq) is the oldest kingdom in South Sulawesi. In 1889, the Dutch Governor of Makassar placed Luwu’s heyday between the 10th and 14th centuries, but offered no evidence.
Archaeological and textual research carried out since the 1980s has undermined this chronology. Extensive surveys and excavations in Luwu have revealed that it is no older than the earliest agricultural kingdoms of the southwest peninsula.

On 4 or 5 February 1605, Luwu’s ruler, La Patiwareq, Daeng Pareqbung, became the first South Sulawesi ruler to embrace Islam, taking as his title Sultan Muhammad Wali Mu’z’hir (or Muzahir) al–din. He is buried at Malangke and is referred to in the chronicles as Matinroe ri Wareq, ‘He who sleeps at Wareq’, the former palace–centre of Luwuq. His religious teacher, Dato Sulaiman, is buried nearby. Around 1620, Malangke was abandoned and a new capital was established to the west at Palopo. It is not known why this sprawling settlement, the population of which may have reached 15,000 in the 16th century, was suddenly abandoned: possibilities include the declining price of iron goods and the economic potential of trade with the Toraja highlands.

By the 19th century, Luwu had become a backwater. James Brooke, later Rajah of Sarawak, wrote in the 1830s that ‘Luwu is the oldest Bugis state, and the most decayed […] Palopo is a miserable town, consisting of about 300 houses, scattered and dilapidated […] It is difficult to believe that Luwu could ever have been a powerful state, except in a very low state of native civilisation. In the 1960s Luwu was a focus of an Islamic rebellion led by Kahar Muzakkar. Today the former kingdom is home to the world’s largest nickel mine and is experiencing an economic boom fueled by inward migration, yet it still retains much of its original frontier atmosphere.

Map of kingdom of Luwu end 19th and begin 20th century

List of Kings.

* Datu Luwu  1: Batara Guru, with the title To Manurung
* Datu Luwu  2: Batara Lattu’, ruled 20 years
* 1268-1293: Datu Luwu  3: Simpurusiang
* 1293-1330: Datu Luwu  4: Anakaji
* 1330-1365: Datu Luwu  5: Tampa Balusu
* 1365-1402: Datu Luwu  6: Tanra Balusu
* 1402-1426: Datu Luwu  7: Toampanangi

* 1426-1458: Datu Luwu  8: Batara Guru II
* 1458-1465: Datu Luwu  9: La Mariawa
* 1465-1507: Datu Luwu  10: Risaolebbi
* 1507-1541: Datu Luwu  11: Dewaraja, with the title Maningoe’ ri Bajo
* 1541-1556: Datu Luwu  12: Tosangkawana
* 1556-1571: Datu Luwu  13: Maoge
* 1571-1587: Datu Luwu  14: We Tenri Rawe’

* 1587-1615: Datu Luwu  15: Andi Pattiware’ Daeng Parabung or Pattiarase, with the title Petta Matinroe’ Pattimang
* 1615-1637: Datu Luwu  16: Patipasaung
* 1637-1663: Datu Luwu  17: La Basso or La Pakeubangan or Sultan Ahmad Nazaruddin, with the title Petta Matinroe’ ri Gowa (Lokkoe’)
* 1663-1704: Datu Luwu  18 and  20: Settiaraja, with the title Petta Matinroe’ ri Tompoq Tikkaq
* Datu Luwu  19: Petta Matinroe’ ri Polka,
* 1704-1715: Datu Luwu  21: La Onro Topalaguna, with the title Petta Matinroe’ ri Langkanae’
* 1706-1715: Datu Luwu  22: Batari Tungke, with the title Sultan Fatimah Petta Matinroe’ ri Pattiro
* 1715-1748: Datu Luwu  23: Batari Tojang, with the title Sultan Zaenab Matinroe’ ri Tippulue’

* 1748-1778: Datu Luwu 24 and ke-26: We Tenri Leleang, with the title Petta Matinroe’ ri Soreang
* 1760-1765: Datu Luwu  25: Tosibengngareng, with the title La Kaseng Patta Matinroe’ ri Kaluku Bodoe’
* 1778-1810: Datu Luwu  27: La Tenri Peppang or Daeng Pali’, with the title Petta Matinroe’ ri Sabbangparu
* 1810-1825: Datu Luwu  28: We Tenri Awaru or Sultan Hawa, with the title Petta Matinroe’ ri Tengngana Luwu
* 1825-1854: Datu Luwu  29: La Oddang Pero, with the title Petta Matinroe’ Kombong Beru
* 1854-1880: Datu Luwu  30: Patipatau or Abdul Karim Toapanyompa, with the title Petta Matinroe’ ri Limpomajang,

* 1880-1883: Datu Luwu 31: We Addi Luwu, with the title Petta Matinroe’ Temmalullu
* 1883-1901: Datu Luwu 32: Iskandar Opu Daeng Pali’, with the title Petta Matinroe’ ri Matakko
* 1901-1935: Datu Luwu 33: Andi Kambo or Siti Husaimah Andi Kambo Opu Daeng Risompa Sultan Zaenab, with the title Petta Matinroe’ ri Bintanna
* 1935-1965: Datu Luwu  34 and  26: Andi Jemma, with the title Petta Matinroe’ ri Amaradekanna
* Datu Luwu  35: Andi Jelling, married when Andi Jemma was exiled by the dutch.

– Source:

King of Luwu, Andi Djemma, ruled 1935-1965

Palace: Istana Datu Luwu

The Luwu palace is located in the center of Palopo, centre of Luwu Kingdom. Built by the Dutch colonial government around 1920 on land of the former “Saoraja” (previously palace made of wood, supposedly masted 88 pieces).
The building was built with European architecture, by the Dutch colonial government.
Luwu palace became the center of controling the region Luwu, by the Ruler of the Kingdom with the title Datu and or Pajung (In Luwu Kingdom there are two Rulers, King with title Datu, later at a higher level with title Pajung).

* Foto palace kingdom of Luwu: link


– History of the sultanate: Wiki

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