Kingdom of Kediri / Isl. of Lombok – Prov. Nusa Tenggara Barat

The kingdom of Kediri was located on the island of Lombok.

Location of Kediri on Lombok

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Location island of Lombok


* Foto intervention of the dutch on Lombok, 1894: link
* Foto Sasak tribe: link
* Foto old sites on Lombok: link


The history of the kingdom of Kediri

Since the death of I Gusti Wayan Tegeh in 1775, Tanjungkarang no longer played an important role and was replaced by the kingdom of Karangasem Sasak, which since 1720 had been under the government of I Gusti Anglurah Made Karangasem, Dewata in Pesaren Anyar Bali. Not much is known about his activities, but in the structure of the royal government of Karangasem Sasak in Lombok he occupied the highest status as the representative (coordinator) of the kingdom of Karangasem on the island of Bali. at that time the king of Mataram status as Patih, while other small kings like the kingdom of Pagutan, Pagesangan, Sengkongo`, and Kediri kingdom have status as manca.

King I Gusti Anglurah Made Karangasem, who after his death was called Dewata in Karangasem Sasak, had two wives and ten children. Among his children was named Ratu Ngurah Made Karangasem, who replaced him as king in the kingdom of Karangasem Sasak. She married her cousin, the daughter of the king of Karangasem Bali, named I Gusti Ayu Agung.
During his reign, the kingdom of Karangasem Sasak increased his power, some small kingdoms such as Sengkongo kingdom, and Kediri kingdom in 1804 were under his control.


History of the kingdoms on Lombok
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According to the contents of Babad Lombok, the oldest kingdom that once ruled on Lombok, was named kingdom of Laeq (in sasak laeq means past time), but another source namely Babad Suwung, declared that the oldest kingdom in Lombok was the Kingdom of Suwung, built and led by King Betara Indera. The kingdom of Suwung then was replaced by the kingdom of Lombok. In the 9th century until the 11th century existed the Sasak Kingdom which was later defeated by one of the kingdoms, who came from Bali at that time.

In Lombok, in its development, there are traces of the four main kingdoms, namely the Kingdom of Bayan in the west, Selaparang Kingdom in the East, Langko Kingdom in the middle, and Pejanggik Kingdom in the south. In addition to these four kingdoms, there were small kingdoms, such as Parwa and Sokong and several small villages, such as Pujut, Tempit, Kedaro, Batu Dendeng, Kuripan, Samarkaton and Kentawang. All these kingdoms and villages became independent territory after the Majapahit kingdom collapsed. Among the most prominent and most famous kingdoms and villages was the Lombok Kingdom based in Labuhan Lombok.

The Dutch had first visited Lombok in 1674 and the Dutch East India Company concluded its first treaty with the Sasak Princess of Lombok. The Balinese had managed to take over the whole island by 1750, but Balinese infighting resulted in the island being split into four feuding Balinese kingdoms. In 1838, the Mataram kingdom brought its rivals under control.

During one of the many Sasak peasant rebellions against the Balinese, Sasak chiefs sent envoys to the Dutch in Bali and invited them to rule Lombok. In June 1894, the governor general of the Dutch East Indies, Van der Wijck, signed a treaty with Sasak rebels in eastern Lombok. He sent a large army to Lombok and the Balinese raja capitulated to Dutch demands. (see Dutch intervention in Lombok) The younger princes however overruled the raja and attacked and pushed back the Dutch. The Dutch counterattacked overrunning Mataram and the raja surrendered. The entire island was annexed to the Netherlands East Indies in 1895. The Dutch ruled over Lombok’s 500,000 people with a force of no more than 250 by cultivating the support of the Balinese and Sasak aristocracy. The Dutch are remembered in Lombok as liberators from Balinese hegemony.


Wetu Telu

Wetu Telu (Indonesian: Waktu Tiga) is the unique practice of some Sasak people in practicing Islam, which only practices the three pillars of Islam, namely reading the two sentences of the creed, praying and fasting. The three pillars of Islam are sufficiently carried out by the kyai as the religious leader who connects them with Allah. They also believe in the existence of holy spirits of their ancestors and supernatural powers on objects.


Source Kedatuan Kediri (only indon. language)

– Kedatuan Kediri: http://gdefik.blogspot.co.id/2012/10/munculnya-kerajaan-karangasem-sasak.html

Source old kingdoms on Lombok (only indon. language)

– Sejarah Kedatuan kuno Sasak: http://suparmanol.blogspot.co.id/2010/12/sejarah-kedatuan-sasak.html
– Sejarah Kedatuan kuno Sasak: http://gdefik.blogspot.co.id/2012/10/kedatuan-di-gumi-sasak-1.html
– Sejarah kerajaan di Lombok: http://melayuonline.com/ind/history/dig/307/kerajaan-lombok
– Sejarah pulau Lombok di Wiki:  https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pulau_Lombok#Sejarah

Source entering Islam on Lombok (only indon. language)

– Masuk Islam di Lombok: http://fadlisworld.blogspot.co.id/2014/09/sejarah-masuknya-islam-di-lombok.html
– Masuk Islam di Lombok: http://situs9.blogspot.co.id/2014/08/masuk-dan-berkembangnya-agama-islam-di.html


 

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