The kingdom of Arosbaya was located on pulau Madura, west Madura. The kingdom was located in Plakaran.
History of the kingdom of Arosbaya
In pre-Islamic times in West Madura, was a kingdom founded by Panembahan Pragalba (16th century), which was then Islamized by his son named Prince Pratanu or Lemah Duwur.
Pragalba converted to Islam in the hour of his death. When required to read the creed by Pratanu, Pragalba nodded his head. That’s why then Pragalba is also known as Prince Ongguk (nod or nod). And Islam in Arosbaya, then also called Islam ongguk.
Arosbaya King who lived in Plakaran was buried in a funeral complex located south of Plakaran, or about 60 km from the city of Bangkalan. Tomb of Prince Pragalba is called the Tomb Agung.
During the reign of Lemah Duwur this Arosbaya kingdom continued to expand its Islamic influence to the kingdoms in Sampang and Blega, and even extended almost to the whole of Madura.
In Raffles’s record (Raffles, 1817) it is said that at that time Lemah Duwur was the king who played an important role. Even Raffles stated that Lemah Duwur was the most important king in East Java. Lemah Duwur was considered to have successfully developed the kingdom of Arosbaya into a kingdom, that played an important role in the voyage, commerce, and politics in Madura and Java. In 1592, Lemah Duwur passed away. He died in Arosbaya and was buried in the tomb complex. After the death of power Lemah Duwur forwarded his sister, Middle Prince, who was none other than Cakraningrat I father.
Burial Complex Makam Agung
To enter the complex of the Tomb of the Great, the tomb of the founder of the West Madura kingdom, must pass through two gates of rock yellow rock from a hill Buduran Village. The shape of the gate is very simple, without carving. However, at the second gate, the gate to the tomb of Pragalba, Pratanu and Raden Koro, the carvings at the gate are very thick once the Hindu breath. Although the moment of his death and buried Pragalba in an Islamic state, but the architecture of his burial complex at the Tomb of the Great remains Hindu architecture.
Grave of king Pragalba and king Pratanu
History of the kingdoms on Madura
The history of Madura begins with Arya Wiraraja’s journey as the first Duke of Madura in the 13th century. In the Nagarakertagama book, especially in the 15th song, says that Madura Island was originally united with the land of Java, this shows that in the 1365s the Madurese and Javanese were part of the community. the same culture.
Around the year 900-1500, the island was under the influence of the Hindu kingdoms of East Java such as Kediri, Singhasari and Majapahit. Between 1500 and 1624, Madurese rulers to some extent depended on Islamic kingdoms on the north coast of Java such as Demak, Gresik and Surabaya. In 1624, Madura was conquered by Mataram.
In 1624, Sultan Agung of Mataram conquered Madura and the island’s government was brought under the Cakraningrats, a single princely line. The Cakraningrat family opposed Central Javanese rule and often conquered large parts of Mataram.
Following the First Javanese War of Succession between Amangkurat III and his uncle, Pangeran Puger, the Dutch gained control of the eastern half of Madura in 1705. Dutch recognition of Puger was influenced by the lord of West Madura, Cakraningrat II who is thought to have supported Puger’s claims in the hope that a new war in central Java would provide the Madurese with a chance to interfere. However, while Amangkurat was arrested and exiled to Ceylon, Puger took the title of Pakubuwono I and signed a treaty with the Dutch that granted them East Madura.
The Cakraningrats agreed to help the Dutch quash the 1740 rebellion in Central Java after the Chinese massacre in 1740. In a 1743 treaty with the Dutch, Pakubuwono I ceded full sovereignty of Madura to the Dutch, which was contested by Cakraningrat IV. Cakraningrat fled to Banjarmasin, took refuge with the English, was robbed and betrayed by the sultan, and captured by the Dutch and exiled to the Cape of Good Hope.
In the 19th century the title Sultan was given by the Colonial Government to the King of Sumenep in 1825, King of Pamekasan in 1830, and King of Bangkalan was given in 1847 the title of Panembahan.
In 1858, Madura was reorganized into two residencies, East Madura with the Residency Capital in Pamekasan and West Madura with the Residency Capital in Bangkalan, with each Residency controlled by the Dutch. And in 1858 it decided to remove the Indigenous Kingdoms and the Pamekasan Kingdom to become part of the Residency from the colonial bureaucratic structure, and in 1883 the Kingdom of Sumenep was abolished, and the following was the Kingdom of Bangkalan in 1885.
Source (only indon. language)
– Sejarah kerajaan Arosbaya: http://arosbaya-in-history.blogspot.co.id/2014/09/makam-agung-arosbaya.html
– Sejarah kerajaan Arosbaya: http://www.duniapusaka.com/blog/kerajaan-madura
– Perang saudara Arosbaya dan Blega: http://bangkalanmemory.blogspot.co.id/2013/10/perang-saudara-antara-arosbaya-dengan_4233.html
Burial Complex Makam Agung