Ubud, royal palace: Puri Saren Agung Ubud: founded late 1700. Located in central Ubud, province of Bali.
Location of Bali
* Foto kings on Bali today: link
* Foto kings of Bali in the past: link
* Foto Bali in the past: link
* Foto old sites on Bali: link
* Foto puputan Denpasar, 1906: link
* Foto puputan Klungkung, 1908: link
About the king
Cokorda (king) 2017: Tjokorda Gde Putra Sukawati
History of Ubud
Since being discovered back in the 8th century, the area of Campuhan has always been highly regarded by the Balinese for its immense spiritual powers. Even the term Ubud is derived from the term ubad, meaning medicine in reference to the traditional healing properties of the array of plants that randomly grow here. Generations of Hindu worshippers have made special pilgrimages to the fork in the Wos River to mediate, bathe and collect holy water for temple ceremonies and cleansing rituals.
There had always been ties between Java and Bali, but it was the disintegration of the once mighty Majapahit kingdom in the 15th century that saw a mass exodus of nobles to Bali. A new kingdom on the island’s east coast called Gelgel was consequently established and gave sanctuary to many important ruling families. They brought with them an artistic legacy and the principles of the caste system.
By the 17th century Bali invariably experienced a rapid emergence of new kingdoms, including the founding of several royal houses in Ubud. However, this period also saw much conflict between the royal clans with supremacy as the ultimate goal. A prince from Klungkung was sent to create a palace in Sukawati as a centre of great power and aesthetic beauty. Artisans came from all over Bali to help in its construction and once completed many of them chose to stay. Sukawati today is a community that strongly supports all forms of artistry as well as dance and music.
With the successful establishment of a reigning authority in Sukawati, palace retainers were then sent in the late 1700s to secure the area of Ubud. A pair of cousins formed rival communities in Padang Tegal and further north in the area of Taman. Following subsequent fighting between these neighbouring villages the king of Sukawati sent his brothers Tjokorde Ngurah Tabanan to Peliatan and Tjokorde Tangkeban to Sambahan to establish palaces with the notion to control these troubled areas.
In the late 19th century, Ubud became the seat of feudal lords who owed their allegiance to the king of Gianyar, at one time the most powerful of Bali’s southern states. The lords were members of the Balinese Kshatriya caste of Sukawati, and were significant supporters of the village’s increasingly renowned arts scene.
Tourism on the island developed after the arrival of Walter Spies, an ethnic German born in Russia who taught painting and music, and dabbled in dance. Spies and foreign painters Willem Hofker and Rudolf Bonnet entertained celebrities including Charlie Chaplin, Noël Coward, Barbara Hutton, H.G. Wells and Vicki Baum. They brought in some of the greatest artists from all over Bali to teach and train the Balinese in arts, helping Ubud become the cultural centre of Bali.
A new burst of creative energy came in the 1960s after the arrival of Dutch painter Arie Smit (b. 1916) and the development of the Young Artists Movement.
The Bali tourist boom since the late 1960s has seen much development in the town; however, it remains a centre of artistic pursuit.
Kingdoms on Bali 19th century
Ubud Royal Palace: Puri Saren Agung
The palace is found by Ida Tjokorda Putu Kandel who has commanded from year 1800 – 1823. This palace is an artistic cultural life center, while the traditional market is the symbol of local economics resident. The existence of Puri Saren as a palace is equipped by a Wantilan/auditorium that is a large building of meeting room and a banyan tree as shelter place at the daytime.
Entrance of Puri Saren Ubud
Kings of Ubud and Sukawati
- Dewa Agung Anom (king of Sukawati since before 1713-1733)
- Dewa Agung Gede Mayun Dalem Patemon (1733-before 1757) [child of Dewa Agung Anom]
- Dewa Agung Gede Sukawati (c. 1757) [child of Dewa Agung Gede Mayun]
- Dewa Agung Made Pliatan (paruh kedua abad ke-18) [brother of Dewa Agung Gede Sukawati]
Rulers of Ubud, under protection of Gianyar
- Cokorda Putu Kandel (c. 1800) [child of Dewa Agung Made Pliatan]
- Cokorda Sukawati (abad ke-19) [child of Cokorda Putu Kandel]
- Cokorda Rai Batur (fl. 1874) [child of Cokorda Sukawati]
- Cokorda Gede Sukawati (before 1889-1919) [child of Cokorda Rai Batur]
- Cokorda Gede Raka Sukawati (1919–1931; died 1979) [child of Cokorda Gede Sukawati]
- Cokorda Gede Agung Sukawati (1931–1950; died 1978) [brother of Cokorda Gede Raka Sukawati]
1915, Ida Tjokorda Gde Sukawati from Puri Agung Ubud with his staff
Puri (palaces) on Bali
Puri on the island of Bali is the name for the residence of Balinese aristocrats, especially those who are still close relatives of Balinese kings. Based on the system of division of triwangsa or caste, the castle is occupied by aristocrats who are knights.
Puri on Bali are ruled by a descendant of the king, who is generally elected by the puri kinship institution. The leader of the puri, who is generally the leader of the puri kinship institution, is usually referred to as the Penglingsir or Pemucuk. The royal descendants can be identified by the titles in their names, for example Ida I Dewa Agung, I Gusti Ngurah Agung, Cokorda, Anak Agung Ngurah, Ratu Agung, Ratu Bagus and others for men; as well as Ida I Dewa Agung Wife, Dewa Ayu, Cokorda Wife, Anak Agung Wife, and others for women.
Puri Saren Agung in Ubud
Pura (temples) on Bali
A pura is a Balinese Hindu temple and the place of worship for adherents of Balinese Hinduism in Indonesia. Pura’s are built in accordance with rules, style, guidance and rituals found in Balinese architecture. Most pura’s are found on the island of Bali, where Hinduism is the predominant religion; however many puras exist in other parts of Indonesia where significant numbers of Balinese people reside. Mother Temple of Besakih is the most important, largest and holiest temple in Bali.
– For more information: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Balinese_temple
Besakih Temple is a temple complex in the village of Besakih on the slopes of Mount Agung in eastern Bali. It is the most important, the largest and holiest temple of Hindu religion in Bali, and one of a series of Balinese temples.
Old maps of Bali
Bali, 16th century
– History Ubud on Wiki: link
– History Ubud: link
– About the Palace: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ubud_Palace
– List of monarchs of Ubud:https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daftar_Raja_Bali#Raja-raja_Sukawati_dan_Ubud
– History of Bali: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Bali
– History kingdoms on Bali: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bali_Kingdom
– Intervention of the Dutch, 1906: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dutch_intervention_in_Bali_(1906)
– Intervention of the Dutch in 1849: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dutch_intervention_in_Bali_(1849)
– Dutch intervention on Bali (general): https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dutch_intervention_in_Bali