.Sultanate of Pajang / Prov. Jawa Tengah – Wilayah Demak

The Sultanate of Pajang: 1568 – 1586. Located on Central Jawa; was successor of the kingdom of Demak.

Location of Pajang and Demak

Lokasi Pajang


* Foto keraton (palace) of Pajang: link
*
Video petilasan keraton Pajang: link


History of the sultanate, 1568 – 1586

The Kingdom of Pajang was a short-lived Muslim state in Java. It was established by Hadiwijaya or Jaka Tingkir, Lord of Boyolali, after a civil war and was a successor to Sultanate of Demak. Hadiwijaya claimed to be a descendant of Brawijaya V, the last king of the Majapahit empire, and Trenggana, the sultan of Demak.

In the last battle against the last claimant of Demak, the vicious Arya Penangsang, Jaka Tingkir commissioned his greatest vassal: Ki Ageng Pamanahan and his son, Sutawijaya, to destroy Arya Penangsang’s army. The two managed to defeat and kill Arya Penangsang and were thus awarded a fief in a forest called Alas Mentaok, now Kotagede, on which they founded their base for the future capital of Mataram Kingdom.

Legend says King Hadiwijaya was so fond of Sutawijaya, he adopted him as the playmate of his heir, Prince Banawa. Hadiwijaya’s rule was supposed to be succeeded by this weak-minded heir, but a rebellion by a vassal named Ario Pangiri forced the prince to seek asylum from his childhood friend Sutawijaya.

Pledged to help, Sutawijaya gathered his army and defeated Ario Pangiri and seized the Pajang Palace. Prince Banawa then submitted his crown to Sutawijaya and thus ended the Kingdom of Pajang in 1586, when Sutawijaya founded the greatest Islamic kingdom in Java: Mataram Sultanate.


List of kings

* 1549-1582: Jaka Tingkir atau Hadiwijaya (engl.: link)
* 1583-1586: Arya Pangiri bergelar Sultan Ngawantipura.
* 1586-1587: Pangeran Benawa atau Prabuwijaya

– Source: Wiki

Majapahit - Mataram

The Palace (Keraton)
.
The palace complex, which now lies within its foundations, is on the border of Pajang Village, Surakarta City and Makamhaji Village, Kartasura, Sukoharjo.

Joko Tingkir merupakan penguasa dan Raja Kraton Pajang. Tempat ini merupakan petilasan Kraton Kerajaan Pajang, tepatnya di kampung Pajang Kecamatan Kartasura. Di samping petilsana, terdapat aliran sungai yang menembus Sungai Bengawan solo. Selain itu, beberapa peninggalan Kraton Pajang juga dapat dilihat di lokasi ini.


Source (english)

– History of the sultanate of Pajang: Wiki

Source (only indon. language)

– Sejarah kesultanan Pajang: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kesultanan_Pajang
Sejarah kesultanan Pajang: http://sejarahbudayanusantara.weebly.com/kerajaan-pajang.html
Sejarah kesultanan Pajang: http://www.gurusejarah.com/2015/07/kerajaan-pajang.html
Sejarah kesultanan Pajang: http://indonesiaindonesia.com/f/4085-kesultanan-pajang/