Keraton of Kasepuhan / Prov. West Jawa – Kab. Cirebon

Keraton Kasepuhan exists since 1662. Located in the city of Cirebon. The Keraton of Kasepuhan is one of the 4 keratons in Cirebon.

Location of Cirebon


* Foto foto Keraton Kasepuhan: link


Line of kingdoms on Jawa: link


Foto kingdoms on Jawa

* Foto sultans and raja’s, still on Jawa link
* Foto keratons (palaces) still on Jawa: link
* Foto Batavia (Jakarta) in the past: link
* Foto Jawa in the past: link
* Attack on Batavia by Sultan Agung, 1628/1628: link
* Foto Diponegoro war, 1825: link
* Foto old sites on Jawa: link


Video history kingdoms on Jawa

– Video rulers of the sultanate of Mataram, 1556 – 2020: link
– Video history of the sultanate of Mataram, 1576-2020: link
– Video history of the kingdom of Medang Mataram Hindu, 752 – 1045: link
– Video history of the kingdom of Majapahit, 1293 – 1527: link
– Video rulers of Majapahit until the sultanate of Mataram, 1293 – 1587: link
– Video history of kingdoms on East Jawa, 1.5 million BC – 2020: link
– Video history of kingdoms on West Jawa, 3000 BC – 2020: link
– Video history of kingdoms on Central Jawa, 1.5 million BC – 2020: link


KERATON  KASEPUHAN

There are 4 Keratons in Cirebon.

* Keraton Kanoman:
* Keraton Kasepuhan, present Sultan: Sultan Sepuh XV
* Keraton Kacirebonan,
* Keraton Kaprabonan.

Location Cirebon


About the king

Today (2021) there are 2 kings of the Keraton of Kasepuhan:
1) 30 august 2020: PR Luqman Arief Zulkaedin was crowned Sultan Sepuh XV.
2) 18 August 2021: Jamaludin Aluda Tajul Arifin was inaugurated as Sultan Sepuh Aloeda II.

18 August 2021
Rahardjo was crowned as sultan Sepuh Aloeda II of Kasepuhan in Cirebon, by his extended family.
The coronation of Rahhardjo as sultan shows, that the polemic on the struggle for the throne is still going on.
Prince Raja Adipati Luqman Zulkaedin was crowned last year (30 august 2020) as sultan XV, a month after his father, sultan Sepuh XIV died.

30 augustus 2020
Installation of Sultan Sepuh XV of Keraton Kasepuhan Cirebon Pangeran Raja Adipati (PRA) Luqman Zulkaedin.

22 July 2020
Sultan Keraton Kasepuhan Cirebon, Sultan Sepuh XIV Prince Raja Adipati Arief Natadiningrat passed away on Wednesday. He was sultan since 2010.

18 august 2021: Installation of Sultan Sepuh Aloeda II

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30 augustus 2020: Installation of Luqman Zulkaedin, Sultan Sepuh XV of Keraton Kasepuhan

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22 juli 2020: Sultan Keraton Kasepuhan Cirebon, Sultan Sepuh XIV Pangeran Raja Adipati Arief Natadiningrat died


History of the partition of the sultanate of Cirebon

The Sultanate of Cirebon was established in 1552 by the commander of the sultanate of Demak, then the Sultan of Cirebon died in 1570 and was succeeded by his son who was very young at that time.
Throughout the 16th and 17th centuries, the sultanate thrived and became a major regional centre of trade and commerce, as well as a prominent centre of Islamic learning. The sultanate split into three royal houses in 1677, and a fourth split off in 1807, each with their own separate lines of descent and kratons; Keraton Kasepuhan, Kraton Kanoman, Keraton Kacirebonan, and Keraton Keprabonan

1677: first split of the Sultanate of Cirebon, occurred during the crowning of three sons Panembahan Girilaya, Sultan Sepuh, Sultan Anom, and Panembahan Cirebon in 1677. This is a new chapter for the palace of Cirebon, in which the empire was split into three and each ruling and lowers the next emperor. Thus, the next rulers of Cirebon Sultanate were:

  • Sultan Kasepuhan, Prince Martawijaya, with the title Sultan Muhammad Samsudin Makarimi Sepuh Abil (1677-1703)
  • Sultan Kanoman, Prince Kartawijaya, with the title Sultan Muhammad Badrudin Makarimi Anom Abil (1677-1723)
  • Prince of Kaprabonan, Panembahan Prince Wangsakerta, as Panembahan Cirebon with the title of Prince Abdul Kamil Muhammad Nasarudin or Panembahan Tohpati (1677-1713). Prince Wangsakerta not appointed but only Panembahan. He did not have his own palace, but stands as Kaprabonan (paguron), which is a place for learning for palace the intellectuals.

1807: Second split of the sultanate of Cirebon. The succession of the Cirebon sultans generally went well, until the reign of Sultan Anom IV (1798-1803), when there was a split because one of his sons, Prince Raja Kanoman, wanted to separate and build his own sultanate under the name of the Sultanate of Kacirebonan. This happened in 1807.

Partition of the sultanate of Cirebon


List of kings

* 1662-1697: Sultan Sepuh I Syamsuddin, son of Pangeran Giri Laya
* 1697-1723: Sultan Sepuh II Jamaluddin, son
* 1723-1753: Sultan Sepuh III Muhammad Zainuddin, son
* 1753-1773: Sultan Sepuh IV Muhammad Zainuddin, son
* 1773-1786: Sultan Sepuh V Sapiuddin, son
* 1786-1791: Sultan Sepuh VI, brother
* 1791-1816: Sultan Sepuh VII Joharuddin, son
* 1816-1819: Sultan Sepuh VIII Syamsuddin, titular sultan 1819-1843, brother

• Titular sultans of Kraton Kasepuhan since 1819

* 1843-1853: Sultan Sepuh IX Raja Syamsuddin, son
* 1853-1875: Sultan Sepuh Raja Dipati Satria, son
* 1875-1880: Pangeran Jayawikarta, regent-sultan, brother
* 1880-1885: Sultan Sepuh X Raja Atmaja, brother
* 1885-1942: Sultan Sepuh XI Raja Aluda Tajularifin, son
* 1942-1969: Sultan Sepuh XII Raja Rajaningrat, son
* 1969-2010: Sultan Sepuh XIII Pangeran Raja Adipati Maulana Pakuningrat, son
* 2010-sekarang : Sultan Sepuh XIV Arif Natiningrat, son.


Palace: Keraton Kasepuhan

* Foto Keraton Kasepuhan: link

It was built in 1447 and its architecture and interior are a blend of Sundanese, Javanese, Islamic, Chinese and Dutch styles.

Inside is a pavilion with white-washed walls dotted with blue-and-white Delft tiles, a marble floor and ceiling hung with French chandeliers. The legacy of Majapahit is preserved in its small pendopo on soft carved brick bases. The carvings on the pendopo columns are 1940s copy of the ancient originals. An innovation is the use of brackets branching out from the columns. The main building features unusually tall pyramidal column bases. The ornament on the double braces of this building’s pendopo tumpang sari ceiling are picked out by gilt. Another unusual feature in the eclectic complex is plaster and masonry columns feature a decoration that resembles reeding. Like other old sites around Cirebon, ceramics in walls are common here, although their use in the Kraton is more restrained.

The palace also has a somewhat neglected small museum with a restricted display of wayang, kris, cannon, furniture, Portuguese armour, and ancient royal clothes. In a separate nearby building the very elaborate Kereta Singabarong, a 17th-century gilded coach, may be seen along with a modern duplicate carriage used on official occasions.


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