Desa of Caruban / Prov. Jawa Barat – Kab. Cirebon

Desa Caruban is the forerunner of the sultanate of Cirebon, located in Kab. Cirebon, prov. West Java.
The Kingdom of Caruban Nagari was built in 1479.

Location of Cirebon

History of the Desa
Formerly Cirebon was a small village called Caruban, which was founded by Ki Gedeng Tapa. Ki Gedeng Tapa was a merchant at the port of Muarajati. Since he opened the village, many people started to settle there. The name of Caruban gradually changed with Cirebon because many people are livelihood as fish finder and rebon (small shrimp). The first person appointed to be kuwu (village head) was Ki Gedeng Alang-Alang and his representative was Raden Walangsungsang, grandson of Ki Gedeng Tapa who is also the son of Prabu Siliwangi from Pajajaran kingdom.
After Ki Gedeng Alang-Alang died, Raden Walangsungsang continued as the second kuwu titled Prince Cakrabuana. When Ki Gedeng Tapa died, Prince Cakrabuana did not continue the post, but established the palace of Pakungwati and formed the Cirebon government.
In 1479 he died and he was replaced by his nephew Syarif Hidayatullah. Syarif Hidayatullah who was also known as Sunan Gunung Jati, the son of Nyai Rara Santang with Sharif Abdullah from Egypt. The Sultanate of Cirebon developed a lot during this time. When Syarif Hidayatullah died, the appointee was Fatahillah, his son-in-law. This is because his surviving son has ruled in Banten.
After Fatahillah died, he was replaced by Sunan Gunung Jati’s grandson, who was titled Panembahan Ratu I. Panembahan Ratu I was later replaced by Prince Karim who was titled Panembahan Ratu II or Panembahan Girilaya.
During the reign of Panembahan Girilaya, Cirebon was between the power of Banten and Mataram. Besides still having blood ties with Banten, Panembahan Girilaya was the son-in-law of Sultan Agung Hanyakrakusuma Mataram. Panembahan Girilaya died while visiting Surakarta. In addition, his two sons named Prince Martawijaya and Prince Kartawijaya were also detained.
The power vacuum in Cirebon made the sultan of Banten crowned Wangsakerta, the third son of Panembahan Girilaya, as a substitute. The Sultan of Banten also helped to repatriate two prisoners held by Mataram.
In 1677, the sultanate of Cirebon broke into three:

* Prince Martawijaya or Sultan of Kraton Kasepuhan, with the title of Sepuh Abi Makarimi Muhammad Samsudin (1677 – 1703)
* Prince Kartawijaya or Sultan of Kraton Kanoman, with the title of Sultan Anom Abil Makarimi Muhammad Badrudin (1677 – 1723)
* Prince Wangsakerta or Panembahan Cirebon, with the title of Prince Abdul Kamil Muhammad Nasarudin or Panembahan Tohpati (1677-1713).

After the split there was still another split in 1807. At that time the son of Sultan Anom IV wanted to build his own empire. The desire is supported by the Dutch government. Finally emerged a new sultanate named Kacirebonan sultanate.
– Source:

Location of Cirebon  1700
Lokasi Cirebon———————–——

Partition of the sultanate of  Cirebon

Keraton Pakungwati

Keraton Kasepuhan contains two complexes of historical buildings namely Dalem Agung Pakungwati, which was founded in 1430 by Prince Cakrabuana and the palace complex Pakungwati (now called Kasepuhan palace) founded by Prince Mas Zainul Arifin in 1529.
More foto’s below.

– Keraton Pakungwati:
– Reruntuhan Keraton Pakungwati:
– Keraton Kasepuhan:


Gate of keraton Pakungwati

Site of kaputren Dalem Agung Keraton Pakungwati built by Prince Cakrabuana around the year 1430 AD in Cirebon

Weapon of Caruban