Kingdom of Gelgel / Bali

The kingdom of Gelgel: 15th century until 17th century. Located  in the district of Klungkung, province of Bali.

Location of Klungkung

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Location of Bali


* Foto kings on Bali today: link
* Foto kings of Bali in the past: link
* Foto Bali in the past: link
* Foto old sites on Bali: link
* Foto puputan Denpasar, 1906: link
* Foto puputan Klungkung, 1908: link


History of the kingdom of Gelgel

Periode Gelgel

Gelgel is the name of a village, located in the district of Klungkung regency.
Gelgel was a kingdom on the island of Bali, which was formed after the collapse of Majapahit. This kingdom regards itself as the true successor of Majapahit.
Because of the incompetence of Raden Agra Samprangan to be king, Raden Samprangan was replaced by Dalem Ketut Ngulesir. Dalem Ketut Ngulesir, moved the seat of government to Gelgel. At this point begins the Period Gelgel and King Dalem Ketut Ngulesir was the first king.
The second king was Dalem Watu Renggong (1460-1550). Dalem Watu Renggong became king, prospered the Gelgel kingdom. Under the reign of Watu Renggong, Bali (Gelgel) reached its peak.
After Dalem Watu Renggong died, he was replaced by Dalem Bekung (1550-1580).
The last king of Gelgel was a Dalem Di Made (1605-1686).
Gelgel: a kingdom on the island of Bali, which was formed after the collapse of Majapahit. This kingdom regards itself as the true successor of Majapahit.

Periode kingdom of Klungkung

The Klungkung kingdom was actually a continuation of the dynasty Gelgel. I Gusti Agung Maruti uprising appeared to have ended the period Gelgel. This happened, because the son of Dalem Di Made was already adult and he could defeat I Gusti Agung Maruti; the palace of Gelgel was not restored. Gusti Agung Jambe as a son, who was entitled to the throne, did not want the throne in Gelgel, but choose a new place as the center of government, namely the former hideout in Semarapura.


List of kings

* 1460: Dalem Batur Enggong ruled from the year 1460  with the title Dalem Batur Enggong
* c. 1502: Dalem Samprangan (14th century or c. 1502?) [child from Sri Kresna Kepakisan]
* abad ke-14 atau c. 1520?: Dalem Ketut [brother of Dalem Samprangan] (engl.: link)
* Pertengahan abad ke-16: Dalem Baturenggong [child of Dalem Ketut] (engl.: link)
* fl. 1558-1578 or 1630s: Dalem Bekung [child of Dalem Baturenggong]
* c. 1580-1623 or ?-1650: Dalem Sagening [child of Dalem Baturenggong] (engl.: link)
* 1623-1642 or 1655–1665: Dalem Di Made [child of Dalem Sagening] (engl.: link)
* 1642–1650; posisi tidak jelas: Dewa Pacekan [child of Dalem Di Made] (engl.: link)
* 1651-c. 1655, wafat 1673; position not clear: Dewa Cawu [uncle, child of Dalem Sagening dari penawing] (engl.: link)
* usurpator, c. 1665-1686: Anglurah Agung Maruti

– Sumber / Source: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daftar_Raja_Bali#Raja-raja_Bali_pasca_1343
Sumber / Source: http://sejarah-puri-pemecutan.blogspot.co.id/2011/05/sejarah-kerajaan-gelgel.html


Puri (palaces) on Bali

Puri on the island of Bali is the name for the residence of Balinese aristocrats, especially those who are still close relatives of Balinese kings. Based on the system of division of triwangsa or caste, the castle is occupied by aristocrats who are knights.

Puri on Bali are ruled by a descendant of the king, who is generally elected by the puri kinship institution. The leader of the puri, who is generally the leader of the puri kinship institution, is usually referred to as the Penglingsir or Pemucuk. The royal descendants can be identified by the titles in their names, for example Ida I Dewa Agung, I Gusti Ngurah Agung, Cokorda, Anak Agung Ngurah, Ratu Agung, Ratu Bagus and others for men; as well as Ida I Dewa Agung Wife, Dewa Ayu, Cokorda Wife, Anak Agung Wife, and others for women.

Entrance-gate of the Puri Saren Agung in Ubud


Pura (temples) on Bali

A pura is a Balinese Hindu temple and the place of worship for adherents of Balinese Hinduism in Indonesia. Pura’s are built in accordance with rules, style, guidance and rituals found in Balinese architecture. Most pura’s are found on the island of Bali, where Hinduism is the predominant religion; however many puras exist in other parts of Indonesia where significant numbers of Balinese people reside. Mother Temple of Besakih is the most important, largest and holiest temple in Bali.
– For more information: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Balinese_temple

Besakih Temple is a temple complex in the village of Besakih on the slopes of Mount Agung in eastern Bali. It is the most important, the largest and holiest temple of Hindu religion in Bali, and one of a series of Balinese temples.


Maps of old Bali

Bali (16th century ?)

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Bali 1750

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Kingdoms on Bali, 19th century

9 Kerajaan di Bali, sekitar tahun 1900.


Source

History of Gelgel kingdom: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gelgel,_Indonesia
– History of Gelgel kingdom: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Bali

– History of Bali: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Bali
– History kingdoms on Bali: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bali_Kingdom


 

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