Kingdom of Blega / Isl. of Madura

The kingdom of Blega was a kingdom on the island of Madura.

Location island of Madura

Madura

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Location of Blegakec. Blega, Madura


* Foto kings and rulers on Madura: link
* Foto of the Madura People: link


History of the kingdom

In Blega sub-district is the Great Tomb of Pangeran Macan Putih which is located in Karang Packaging Village. The tomb is the tomb of a governor from the Blega kingdom, namely Patih Macan.

Once upon a time when each area in Madura was led by a king, Blega was led by a prince but under the control of the Arosbaya kingdom which was controlled by Prince Pratano (Ki Lemah Duwur). After the death of Ki Pratano (Ki Lemah Duwur), the throne of the kingdom of Arosbaya was inherited by his son, Pangeran Tengah in 1592 – 1620 and the Prince of Blega at that time was Prince Blega in 1593 – 1624.

When the two kingdoms were in their heyday’s, a misunderstanding arose between Prince Blega and Pangeran Tengah (Arosbaya). The problem was also trivial, namely Prince Blega was late to pay tribute to Pangeran Tengah because of the status of the Blega kingdom, which was still under the power of the Arosbaya kingdom, so Prince Blega should pay tribute money every year to King Arosbaya (Pangeran Tengah).

– Source: http://bangkalanmemory.blogspot.co.id/2013/10/perang-saudara-antara-arosbaya-dengan_4233.html


History of the kingdoms on Madura

The history of Madura begins with Arya Wiraraja’s journey as the first Duke of Madura in the 13th century. In the Nagarakertagama book, especially in the 15th song, says that Madura Island was originally united with the land of Java, this shows that in the 1365s the Madurese and Javanese were part of the community. the same culture.

Around the year 900-1500, the island was under the influence of the Hindu kingdoms of East Java such as Kediri, Singhasari and Majapahit. Between 1500 and 1624, Madurese rulers to some extent depended on Islamic kingdoms on the north coast of Java such as Demak, Gresik and Surabaya. In 1624, Madura was conquered by Mataram.

In 1624, Sultan Agung of Mataram conquered Madura and the island’s government was brought under the Cakraningrats, a single princely line. The Cakraningrat family opposed Central Javanese rule and often conquered large parts of Mataram.

Following the First Javanese War of Succession between Amangkurat III and his uncle, Pangeran Puger, the Dutch gained control of the eastern half of Madura in 1705. Dutch recognition of Puger was influenced by the lord of West Madura, Cakraningrat II who is thought to have supported Puger’s claims in the hope that a new war in central Java would provide the Madurese with a chance to interfere. However, while Amangkurat was arrested and exiled to Ceylon, Puger took the title of Pakubuwono I and signed a treaty with the Dutch that granted them East Madura.

The Cakraningrats agreed to help the Dutch quash the 1740 rebellion in Central Java after the Chinese massacre in 1740. In a 1743 treaty with the Dutch, Pakubuwono I ceded full sovereignty of Madura to the Dutch, which was contested by Cakraningrat IV. Cakraningrat fled to Banjarmasin, took refuge with the English, was robbed and betrayed by the sultan, and captured by the Dutch and exiled to the Cape of Good Hope.

In the 19th century the title Sultan was given by the Colonial Government to the King of Sumenep in 1825, King of Pamekasan in 1830, and King of Bangkalan was given in 1847 the title of Panembahan.

In 1858, Madura was reorganized into two residencies, East Madura with the Residency Capital in Pamekasan and West Madura with the Residency Capital in Bangkalan, with each Residency controlled by the Dutch. And in 1858 it decided to remove the Indigenous Kingdoms and the Pamekasan Kingdom to become part of the Residency from the colonial bureaucratic structure, and in 1883 the Kingdom of Sumenep was abolished, and the following was the Kingdom of Bangkalan in 1885.



Map of Madura 1616

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Map of Madura 1660


Source (only indon. language)

– Tentang keraton Pangera Blega: http://andasblega.blogspot.co.id/2013/08/sejarah-berdirinya-kraton-pangeran-blega.html
– Perang saudara Arosbaya dan Blega: http://bangkalanmemory.blogspot.co.id/2013/10/perang-saudara-antara-arosbaya-dengan_4233.html
– Pangeran Macan Putih kerajaan Blega: http://sapekerap.blogspot.co.id/2014/04/pangeran-macan-putih-kerajaan-blega.html


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