Kingdom of Plakaran / Isl. of Madura

The kingdom of Plakaran was locted on the island of Madura, kab. Bangkalan.

Location of Madura

Madura

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Location District Bangkalan

kab. bangkalan


* Foto kings and rulers on Madura: link
* Foto of the Madura People: link


History of the kingdom

Google translation

Near the Makam Agung (Great Tomb), precisely in the Village Plakaran, District Arosbaya, there was once stood a small kingdom named Kingdom Plakaran. The kingdom was ruled by Ki Demung Plakaran, the descendant of King Brawijaya (1468-1478), the last king of the Majapahit Kingdom. In addition to the famous Islamic legend onggu ‘.

In the 15th century, two envoys of the Majapahit kingdom, named Lembu Petteng and Menak Senoyo, came to Madura and lived in Sampang. A person named Ny. Ageng Budo married a man named Aryo Pecuk; the husband of Ny. Ageng Budo was a descendant of Menak Senoyo. The wedding of Aryo Pucuk with Ny. Ageng Budo was gifted with a child named Ki Demung. After being adult, Ki Demung went west and arrived at Plakaran area. There Ki Demung built a Kingdom. Plakaran village so kec. Arosbaya.

After Ki Demung died, he was replaced by his son named Pragalba with the title of Pangeran Plakaran whose nickname was the prince of Islam Ongguk. Prince Plakaran had a son named in Ki Pratanu. Following the tradition of the leaders of the Islamic kingdom, the coronation of the king was on the 12th of Robiul Awal, Ki Pratanu was crowned king of Plakaran with the title of Pangeran Lemah Duwur replacing his father Prince Plakaran.

When Kraton Plakaran was ruled by Raden Pragalbo, the third son of Ki Demung Plakaran, then popularly known as the Prince of Islam Onghu ‘(Islam nodded), the power of the Kingdom of Plakaran whose central government had moved to Arisbaya (now Arosbaya), became increasingly widespread all over the Island Madura.


History of the kingdoms on Madura

The history of Madura begins with Arya Wiraraja’s journey as the first Duke of Madura in the 13th century. In the Nagarakertagama book, especially in the 15th song, says that Madura Island was originally united with the land of Java, this shows that in the 1365s the Madurese and Javanese were part of the community. the same culture.

Around the year 900-1500, the island was under the influence of the Hindu kingdoms of East Java such as Kediri, Singhasari and Majapahit. Between 1500 and 1624, Madurese rulers to some extent depended on Islamic kingdoms on the north coast of Java such as Demak, Gresik and Surabaya. In 1624, Madura was conquered by Mataram.

In 1624, Sultan Agung of Mataram conquered Madura and the island’s government was brought under the Cakraningrats, a single princely line. The Cakraningrat family opposed Central Javanese rule and often conquered large parts of Mataram.

Following the First Javanese War of Succession between Amangkurat III and his uncle, Pangeran Puger, the Dutch gained control of the eastern half of Madura in 1705. Dutch recognition of Puger was influenced by the lord of West Madura, Cakraningrat II who is thought to have supported Puger’s claims in the hope that a new war in central Java would provide the Madurese with a chance to interfere. However, while Amangkurat was arrested and exiled to Ceylon, Puger took the title of Pakubuwono I and signed a treaty with the Dutch that granted them East Madura.

The Cakraningrats agreed to help the Dutch quash the 1740 rebellion in Central Java after the Chinese massacre in 1740. In a 1743 treaty with the Dutch, Pakubuwono I ceded full sovereignty of Madura to the Dutch, which was contested by Cakraningrat IV. Cakraningrat fled to Banjarmasin, took refuge with the English, was robbed and betrayed by the sultan, and captured by the Dutch and exiled to the Cape of Good Hope.

In the 19th century the title Sultan was given by the Colonial Government to the King of Sumenep in 1825, King of Pamekasan in 1830, and King of Bangkalan was given in 1847 the title of Panembahan.

In 1858, Madura was reorganized into two residencies, East Madura with the Residency Capital in Pamekasan and West Madura with the Residency Capital in Bangkalan, with each Residency controlled by the Dutch. And in 1858 it decided to remove the Indigenous Kingdoms and the Pamekasan Kingdom to become part of the Residency from the colonial bureaucratic structure, and in 1883 the Kingdom of Sumenep was abolished, and the following was the Kingdom of Bangkalan in 1885.


Map of Madura 1616

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Map of Madura 1660


Source (only indon. language)

– Sejarah kerajaan Plakaran: http://www.pulaumadura.com/2015/10/wisata-sejarah-makam-agung-arosbaya-di-bangkalan.html
– Sejarah kerajaan Plakaran: http://www.duniapusaka.com/blog/kerajaan-madura
– Sejarah kerajaan Plakaran: http://robiatuladawiyah11111.blogspot.co.id/2014/11/asal-usul-kota-bangkalan.html


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