Kingdom of Buleleng / Bali

The kingdom of Buleleng, 1660–1950. Located on north Bali, district of Buleleng. Came under dutch rule in 1849.

Location of Buleleng

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Location of Bali


* Foto kingdom of Buleleng: link
*
Foto Puri (palace) Agung Buleleng: link


* Foto kings on Bali today: link
* Foto kings of Bali in the past: link
* Foto Bali in the past: link
* Foto old sites on Bali: link
* Foto puputan Denpasar, 1906: link
* Foto puputan Klungkung, 1908: link


– Video history kingdoms on Bali, 45.000 BC – today: link
– List of kingdoms on Bali: link


About the king (2018)

King today (2018): Anak Agung Ngurah Ugrasena. Crown prince of the kingdom of Buleleng.


History of the kingdom of Buleleng, 1660–1950

Buleleng was founded as a kingdom by Gusti Panji Sakti, who ruled c. 1660-c. 1700. He is commemorated as a heroic ancestor-figure who expanded the power of Buleleng to Blambangan on East Java. The kingdom was weakened during his successors, and fell under the suzerainty of the neighbouring Karangasem kingdom in the second half of the 18th century. It was headed by an autonomous branch of the Karangasem Dynasty in 1806-1849. The Dutch colonial power attacked Buleleng in 1846, 1848 and 1849, and defeated it on the last occasion. Buleleng was incorporated in the Dutch colonial system and lost its autonomy in 1882.
In 1929 a descendant of Gusti Panji Sakti, the renowned scholar Gusti Putu Jelantik, was appointed regent by the Dutch. He died in 1944, during the Japanese occupation of Indonesia. His son, a well-known novelist, Anak Agung Nyoman Panji Tisna. In 1947, Anak Agung Pandji Tisna surrendered the throne to his younger brother, Anak Agung Ngurah Ketut Djelantik, known as Meester Djelantik, until 1950. In 1949-50 Buleleng, like the rest of Bali, was incorporated in the unitary republic of Indonesia.

Kingdoms on Bali, about 1900


List of kings

Wangsa Panji Sakti

* 1660-1697/99: Gusti Panji Sakti
* 1697/99-1732: Gusti Panji Wayahan Danurdarastra, child of Gusti Panji Sakti
* 1732-1757/65: Gusti Alit Panji, child of Gusti Panji Wayahan

Di bawah kekuasaan Mengwi paruh pertama abad ke-18

* 1757/65: Gusti Ngurah Panji (in Sukasada), child of Gusti Alit Panji

Di bawah kekuasaan Karangasem c. 1757-1806

* 1757/65-1780: Gusti Ngurah Jelantik (di Singaraja), brother of Gusti Ngurah Panji
* 1780-1793: Gusti Made Jelantik, child of Gusti Ngurah Jelantik
* 1793-?: Gusti Made Singaraja, nephew of Gusti Made Jelantik

Wangsa Karangasem

* ?-1806: Anak Agung Rai, child of Gusti Gede Ngurah Karangasem
* 1806-1818: Gusti Gede Karang, brother of Anak Agung Rai
* 1818-1822: Gusti Gede Ngurah Pahang, child of Gusti Gede Karang
* 1822-1825: Gusti Made Oka Sori, nephew of Gusti Gede Karang
* 1825-1849: Gusti Ngurah Made Karangasem, nephew Gusti Gede Karang

Wangsa Panji Sakti

* 1849-1851-1853: Gusti Made Rahi, canggah Gusti Ngurah Panji

Under the rule of the kingdom of Bangli 1849-1854

* 1854-1873, regen 1853-1861: Gusti Ketut Jelantik, descendent from Gusti Ngurah Jelantik

Under the rule of the dutch: 1882-1929

* 1929-1938: Regen: Anak Agung Putu Jelantik; used the title Anak Agung 1938-1944, descendent from Gusti Ngurah Jelantik
* 1944-1947: Anak Agung Nyoman Panji Tisna, child of Anak Agung Putu Jelantik
* 1947-1950: Ngurah Ketut Jelantik (died 1970), brother of Anak Agung Panji Tisna

Buleleng united with the Republik Indonesia 1950

* 1950-1958: Anak Agung Nyoman Panji Tisna chief of the royal family, died 1978).

– Sumber: Wiki


Palace of the kingdom of Buleleng: Puri Agung Buleleng (or Puri Kanginan)

The Royal Palace of Singaraja, often referred to as the Puri Agung or Puri Gede, was built by Raja Ki Gusti Anglurah Pandji Sakti on March 30th, 1604. This became the beginning of the Kingdom of Buleleng.
Historically Radja Ki Gusti Anglurah Pandji Sakti once ruled from Java to Timor Indonesia. Although without any political power nowadays, the Royal Family and their Palace represent an important part of North Bali’s rich, cultural heritage.

* Foto palace Puri Agung Buleleng: link


Puri (palaces) on Bali

Puri on the island of Bali is the name for the residence of Balinese aristocrats, especially those who are still close relatives of Balinese kings. Based on the system of division of triwangsa or caste, the castle is occupied by aristocrats who are knights.

Puri on Bali are ruled by a descendant of the king, who is generally elected by the puri kinship institution. The leader of the puri, who is generally the leader of the puri kinship institution, is usually referred to as the Penglingsir or Pemucuk. The royal descendants can be identified by the titles in their names, for example Ida I Dewa Agung, I Gusti Ngurah Agung, Cokorda, Anak Agung Ngurah, Ratu Agung, Ratu Bagus and others for men; as well as Ida I Dewa Agung Wife, Dewa Ayu, Cokorda Wife, Anak Agung Wife, and others for women.


Pura (temples) on Bali

A pura is a Balinese Hindu temple and the place of worship for adherents of Balinese Hinduism in Indonesia. Pura’s are built in accordance with rules, style, guidance and rituals found in Balinese architecture. Most pura’s are found on the island of Bali, where Hinduism is the predominant religion; however many puras exist in other parts of Indonesia where significant numbers of Balinese people reside. Mother Temple of Besakih is the most important, largest and holiest temple in Bali.
– For more information: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Balinese_temple

Besakih Temple is a temple complex in the village of Besakih on the slopes of Mount Agung in eastern Bali. It is the most important, the largest and holiest temple of Hindu religion in Bali, and one of a series of Balinese temples.


Old maps of Bali

Bali (16th century ?)

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Bali 1750

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Kingdoms on Bali, about 1900.

9 Kerajaan di Bali, sekitar tahun 1900.


Source

– History of the kingdom of Buleleng: http://www.northbali.info/culture/royal_palace_singaraja.php

– History of Bali: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Bali
– History kingdoms on Bali: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bali_Kingdom

– Intervention of the Dutch, 1906: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dutch_intervention_in_Bali_(1906)
– Intervention of the Dutch in 1849: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dutch_intervention_in_Bali_(1849)
– Dutch intervention on Bali (general): https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dutch_intervention_in_Bali
– District of Buleleng: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buleleng_Regency


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