The Kingdom of Bone, 14th century – 19th century. It was a kingdom of the Bugis people. Located in the district Bone, prov. south Sulawesi.
The title of the king is Arungpone.
District of Bone
* Foto sultans and kings today on Sulawesi: link
* Foto sultans and kings in the past on Sulawesi: link
* Foto kingdoms in the region of Poso: link
* Foto Bugis tribe: link
* Foto old sites on Sulawesi: link
About the king today (2020)
2020: Arumpone (raja) kerajaan Bone: Andi Baso Hamid Achmad
Arumpone Bone: Andi Baso Hamid Achmad bersama isteri
History of the kingdom of Bone
Bone (also Boni, or Bone Saoraja) was a sultanate in the south-west peninsula of Sulawesi (formerly Celebes), now part of modern-day Indonesia. Covering an area of 2,600 square kilometres (1,000 sq mi), Bone’s chief town Boni, lay 130 kilometres (81 mi) northeast of the city of Makassar, home to the Bugis people.
Once the most powerful state of Sulawesi, Boni came under Dutch influence in 1666 as they sought to protect themselves from neighbouring belligerent states. Boni remained under Dutch control until 1814 when the British temporarily gained power of the region, but returned to Dutch rule in 1816 by the European treaties concluded on the downfall of Napoleon. Dutch influence was increasingly resisted by the Boni however, and numerous Dutch expeditions to Boni were repelled during the 19th century. Boni became part of Indonesia upon the country’s independence.
As in other native states in Sulawesi, succession to the throne through the female line held precedence over the male line.
– Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bone_state
A geopolitical map of South Sulawesi around 1590, depicting the division of the peninsula between Gowa-Talloq and the Tellumpocco alliance
List of kings
- Matasilompoé [Manurungngé ri Matajang] (1392-1424)
- La Umassa Petta Panré Bessié [ Petta Paladeng – Arung Labuaja ] Matinroe Ri Bengo [To’ Mulaiyé Ranreng] (1424-1441)
- La Saliyu Karampéluwa/Karaéng Pélua’? [Pasadowakki] (1441-1470)
- We Ban-ri Gau Daéng Marawa Arung Majang Makaleppié Bisu-ri Lalengpili Petta-ri La Welareng [Malajangngé ri Cina] (1470-1490)
- La Tenri Sukki Mappajungngé (1490-1517)
- La Uliyo/Wuliyo Boté’é [Matinroé-ri Itterung] (1517-1542)
- La Tenri Rawe Bongkangngé [Matinroé-ri Gucinna] (1542-1584)
- La Icca’/La Inca’ [Matinroé-ri Adénénna] (1584-1595)
- La Pattawe [Matinroé-ri Bettung] (15xx – 1590)
- We Tenrituppu [Matinroé ri Sidénréng] (1590-1607)
- La Tenrirua [Matinroé ri Bantaéng] (1607-1608)
- La Tenripalé [Matinroé ri Tallo] (1608-1626)
- La Ma’daremméng Matinroé ri Bukaka (1626-1643)
- Tobala’, Arung Tanété Riawang, dijadikan regent by Gowa (1643-1660)
- La Ma’daremméng Matinroé ri Bukaka (1667-1672)
- La Tenritatta Matinroé ri Bontoala’ (Arung Palakka) Petta Malampe’é Gemme’na Daéng Sérang (1672-1696)
- La Patau Matanna Tikka Walinonoé To Tenri Bali Malaé Sanrang Petta Matinroé ri Nagauléng (1696-1714)
- Batari Toja Daéng Talaga Arung Timurung Datu-ri Citta Sultana Zainab Zakiyat ud-din binti al-Marhum Sultan Idris Azim ud-din [Matinroé-ri Tippuluna] (1714-1715) (first time)
- La Padassajati/Padang Sajati To’ Apaware Paduka Sri Sultan Sulaiman ibni al-Marhum Sultan Idris Azim ud-din [Matinroé-ri Béula] (1715-1720)
- Bata-ri Toja Daéng Talaga Arung Timurung Datu-ri Citta Sultana Zainab Zakiat ud-din binti al-Marhum Sultan Idris Azim ud-din [Matinroé-ri Tippuluna] (1715) (second time)
- La Pareppa To’ Aparapu Sappéwali Daéng Bonto Madanrang Karaéng Anamonjang Paduka Sri Sultan Shahab ud-din Ismail ibni al-Marhum Sultan Idris Azim ud-din (1720-1721). He became Sultan of Gowa [Tumamenanga-ri Sompaopu], Arumpone Bone, and Datu Soppeng.
- I-Mappaurangi Karaéng Kanjilo Paduka Sri Sultan Siraj ud-din ibni al-Marhum Sultan ‘Abdu’l Kadir (1721-1724). He became Sultan of Gowa with the title Tuammenang-ri-Pasi and Sultan of Tallo with the title Tomamaliang-ri Gaukana.
- La Panaongi To’ Pawawoi Arung Mampu Karaéng Biséi Paduka Sri Sultan ‘Abdu’llah Mansur ibni al-Marhum Sultan Idris Azim ud-din [Tuammenang-ri Biséi] (1724)
- Batari Toja Daéng Talaga Arung Timurung Datu-ri Citta Sultana Zainab Zakiat ud-din binti al-Marhum Sultan Idris Azim ud-din [Matinroé-ri Tippuluna] (1724-1738) (third time)
- I-Danraja Siti Nafisah Karaéng Langelo binti al-Marhum (1738-1741)
- Batari Toja Daéng Talaga Arung Timurung Datu-ri Citta Sultana Zainab Zakiat ud-din binti al-Marhum Sultan Idris Azim ud-din [Matinroé-ri Tippuluna] (1741-1749) (fourth time)
- La Temmassogé Mappasossong To’ Appaware’ Petta Paduka Sri Sultan ‘Abdu’l Razzaq Jalal ud-din ibni al-Marhum Sultan Idris Azim ud-din [Matinroé ri-Malimongang] (1749-1775)
- La Tenri Tappu To’ Appaliweng Arung Timurung Paduka Sri Sultan Ahmad as-Saleh Shams ud-din [Matinroé-ri-Rompégading] (1775-1812)
- La Mappatunru To Appatunru’ Paduka Sri Sultan Muhammad Ismail Muhtajuddin [Matinroé-ri Laleng-bata] (1812-1823)
- I-Manéng Paduka Sri Ratu Sultana Salima Rajiat ud-din [Matinroé-ri Kassi] (1823-1835)
- La Mappaséling Paduka Sri Sultan Adam Nazim ud-din [Matinroé-ri Salassana] (1835-1845)
- La Parénréngi Paduka Sri Sultan Ahmad Saleh Muhi ud-din [Matinroé-ri Aja-bénténg] (1845-1858)
- La Pamadanuka Paduka Sri Sultan Sultan Abul-Hadi (1858-1860)???
- La Singkeru Rukka Paduka Sri Sultan Ahmad Idris [Matinroé-ri Lalambata] (1860-1871)
- I-Banri Gau Paduka Sri Sultana Fatima [Matinroé-ri Bola Mapparé’na] (1871-1895)
- La Pawawoi Karaéng Sigéri [Matinroé-ri Bandung] (1895-1905)
- Haji Andi Bacho La Mappanyuki Karaéng Silaja/Selayar Sri Sultan Ibrahim ibnu Sri Sultan Husain (1931-1946) (first time)
- Andi Pabénténg Daéng Palawa [Matinroé-ri Matuju] (1946-1950)
- Haji Andi Bacho La Mappanyuki Karaéng Silaja/Selayar Sri Sultan Ibrahim ibnu Sri Sultan Husain [Matinroé-ri Gowa] (1950-1960) (second time, installed by the dutch)
- Arung Bocco Petta Daru / Petta Pangulu / Petta Ponggawa / Petta Paladeng [MatinroE-ri Bengo] (1827-1904) (after he died, there was a vacuum in Done during 20 years)
- Ratu Bessi Kejora Saudara Kandung Dari Arung Bocco Petta Pangulu / Petta Ponggawa / Petta Paladeng MatinroE-ri Kajuara ) (he is a descendent of Late Jendral M.Yusuf)”
Arumpone Lapawawooi of Bone with family ca. 1906.
The keris Tappi Tatarapeng
This keris is also called Tappi Tatarapeng, heirloom of the 15th King of Bone Arung Palakka. This heirloom keris is all upstream and its sheath is plated with pure gold,
This keris was used by Arung Palakka in every battle against the enemy of the kingdom. the inauguration and appointment of the Kings of Bone.
1) Palace: Bola Soba
Bola Soba was built during the reign of the 30th King of Bone, La Pawawoi Karaeng Sigeri around 1890 as the king’s residence. Then occupied by his son who was appointed Petta Ponggawae (warlord) of the Bone Kingdom. Singkap rumah (timpa’laja) which was originally five reduced to four because in the life system of the Bugis people, the five singkap timpa’laja in the house building are designated for the king’s house and timpa’laja with four singkap for the king’s son. When the Dutch controlled the Kingdom of Bone at that time, Saoraja Petta Ponggawae also fell into Dutch hands and was used as an army headquarters. In 1912, it functioned as a hostel or inn to entertain Dutch guests.
* Foto palace Bola Sopa: link
2) Palace: La Pawawoi
La Pawawoi Museum is the former building of the 32nd King Bonne Ardi Mappunyokki Palace. This museum was founded on January 5, 1971 by the Regent of Bone, H. Suaib. La Pawawoi was taken from the king of Bone 31st who was one of the National heroes, La Pawawoi Karaeng Sigeri. La Pawawo was born in 1935 and was a hero of Bone I, II, Ill, and IV against the Dutch.
This museum was inaugurated on April 14, 1982 by the Minister of Education and Culture of the Republic of Indonesia, Mr. Daoed Yoesoef. La Pawawoi Museum has a collection of approximately 331, while the objects in the La Pawawoi museum are Bessi Sikkoi or iron in the form of interlocking rings, Lansereng or anvil for forging iron belonging to the second King of Bone, a collection of equipment belonging to the King and palace, duplicates Arung Palakka’s hair and photos of the king of Bone with his descendants.
* Foto palace La Pawawoi: link
Source (indon. language)
– Sejarah kerajaan Bone di Wiki: link
– Sejarah kerajaan Bone: http://laskarbugies.blogspot.co.id/2013/03/sejarah-singkat-kerajaan-bone.html
– Sejarah kerajaan Bone: http://wiyonggoputih.blogspot.co.id/2015/05/sejarah-kerajaan-bone.html
– Sejarah kerajaan Bone abad ke-19: http://history-xscience1.blogspot.co.id/2014/05/kesultanan-bone-bone-adalah-kesultanan.html
– Daftar raja Bone: https://sultansinindonesieblog.wordpress.com/sulawesi/sultan-of-bone/daftar-raja-bone/
– Suku Bugis di Wiki: link
– Tentang raja Bone La Pawawoi Karaeng Sigeri: http://www.kompasiana.com/mfaridwm/riwayat-raja-bone-31-la-pawawoi-karaeng-segeri_550b51f58133111578b1e59c
– Tata pemerintahan kerajaan Bone: http://telukbone.blogspot.com/2015/06/struktur-pemerintahan-kerajaan-bone.html
Kingdoms of South Sulawesi, 1909
Map of kingdoms in South Sulawesi (incl. Bone), end 19th century and begin of 20th century