The region of Belu is located on the island of Timor, District Belu, provinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur.
Location of Timor
History of the region
During the Dutch colonial period, the territory of Belu Regency was a combination of 20 Swapraja / Kingdom regions which included Belu and parts of North Central Timor namely Wewiku, Haitimuk, Alas, Wehali, Fatuaruin, Lakekun, Dirma, Mandeu, Insana, Biboki, Harneno, Naitimu, Lidak , Jenilu, Fialaran, Silawan, Maukatar, Lamaknen, Makir, and Lamaksanulu.
In 1862 the center of government was in Atapupu with the head of government called Gezakheber.
In 1910 Swapraja Anas was handed over to Swapraja Amanatun (Timor Tengah Selatan).
On March 25, 1913, the Lidak Kingdom was merged with the Jenilu Kingdom led by King Don Josef Da Costa under the name Swapraja Jenilu.
Then after the Beslit Gubernemen on 7 October 1914, the Jenilu and Naitimu Kingdoms were merged into a new kingdom called Kakuluk Mesak under the leadership of King Don Josef Da Costa. The number of kingdoms in Belu was only 17 from the previous 18.
On April 1, 1915, Swapraja Insana, Swapraja Biboki, and Swapraja Harneno, were included in the territory of North Central Timor so that the number of kingdoms in Belu became only 14. A month later, on 29 May 1915, the Gramberg Resident Assistant Civil Militair held a meeting in Besikama attended by Swapraja Wehali, Wewiku, Haitimuk, Fatuaruin, Lakekun, Dirma, and Mandeu. In this meeting it was agreed to form a new Swapraja called Swapraja Malaka. Meanwhile, Beredao, which was located on the border with Portuguese Timor, was a Dutch stronghold from 1911 to 1916. In 1916, the Dutch Government Center for North Belu was moved from Atapupu to Atambua.
On January 19, 1916, Gesachebber held a meeting with Swapraja Makir, Lamaknen, Lamaksanulu, Kakuluk Mesak, Fialaran, and Silawan which resulted in the formation of “Swapraja Belu Tasifeto”. On September 20, 1923, Controleur Belu Van Raesfild Meyer published a memory on the government structure in the Belu region, which includes the entire Belu region plus Insana, and Biboki in TTU (now), as follows:
1) Abolishing Malacca Swapraja and Belu Tasifeto Swapraja.
2) Forming one Swapraja consisting of the entire Belu region plus Swapraja Insana and Biboki (Timor Tengah Utara).
3) Recognizing Bria Nahak as the King of Belu with the title “Maromak Oan”.
4) In carrying out the government, Maromak Oan was assisted by a mangkubumi who had the title Liurai.
On 14 May 1930 with Resident Timor en Onderhoorgheden, Seran Asit Fatin was recognized as head of Swapraja Belu with the title Liurai. After Seran Asit Fatin died on November 9, 1931, there was a vacuum in the position of Liurai Belu. On July 20, 1940 the Dutch government by Controleur W. Ch. J. J. Buffart reported to the central government that Swapraja Belu was abolished and 3 new Swapraja were formed, namely Swapraja Malaka, Swapraja Tasifeto, and Swapraja Lamaknen. Recognizes Antonius Tei Seran as the King of Malacca with the title Liurai, Atok Samara as the King of Tasifeto with the title Astanara, and Bau Liku Raja Lamaknen with the title Loro.
Kingdoms on Timor, 1900
Old maps of Timor
For old maps of Timor 1521, 1550, 1600, 1650, 1733, 1700-an, 1762, 1900: klik here