The kingdom of Pekantua Kampar was the second kingdom in the history of the Sultanate of Pelalawan. Located on Sumatera, District Pelalawan, Prov. Riau. Existed 1505-1675.
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Line of history Sultanate of Pelalawan
After defeating Pekantua, Sultan Mansyur Shah, appointed Munawar Shah as King Pekantua, who reigned 1505-1511. During a ceremony of the king, the name of the Kingdom of Pekantua was changed to the Kingdom of Pekantua Kampar.
Since then Islam developed in the kingdom of Pekantua Kampar. Upon his death, Sultan Munawar Shah replaced his son, King Abdullah (1511-1515). At almost the same time, in Malacca Sultan Mansyur Shah died, and successively was replaced by Sultan Alauddin Riayat Syah I, then Sultan Mahmud Syah I. Around 1511, Malacca was attacked by the Portuguese. This caused Sultan Mahmud Syah I to move to Muar, then to Bintan. In 1526, Sultan Mahmud Shah I came to the Kingdom of Pekantua Kampar.
The capture of King Abdullah while assisting Malacca against the Portuguese led him to be exiled to Gowa. This led to a power vacuum in Pekantua Kampar. Sultan Mahmud Syah I who arrived in Pekantua Kampar in 1526 was immediately crowned King Pekantua Kampar (1526-1528). After his death, he was succeeded by his son’s marriage to Tun Fatimah, who was named Raja Ali, titled Sultan Alauddin Riayat Syah II (1528-1530).
Shortly thereafter, Sultan Alauddin Riayat Shah II left Pekantua Kampar to Tanah Semenanjung and established the land of Kuala Johor. Before leaving Pekanbatu (the capital of Pekantua Kampar), he appointed Mangkubumi Pekantua Kampar, named Tun Perkasa (1530-1551) with the title of Raja Muda Tun Perkasa. After that, he was replaced by the Black Tun (1551-1575) and then Tun Megat (1575-1590).
When led by Sultan Abdul Jalil Syah (grandson of Sultan Alauddin Riayat Syah II, King Pekantua Kampar), the Kingdom of Johor thrives. Tun Megat felt it was supposed to send a messenger to Johor to ask one of the descendants of Sultan Alauddin Riayat Syah II to become King Pekantua Kampar.
After consensus with the Orang Besar (important persons) of Pekantua Kampar, messengers were send to Johor, consisting of Batin Muncak Rantau (Orang Besar Nilo and Napuh), Datuk Patih Jambuano (Orang Besar of Delik and Dayun), and King Bilang Younger (Orang Besar of Pesisir Kampar).
Sultan Abdul Jalil Shah granted the request of Tun Megat. He then sent one of his close relatives named King Abdurrahman to become King Pekantua Kampar. Around 1590, King Abdurrahman was crowned King of Pekantua Kampar with the title Maharaja Dinda (1590-1630). Tun Megat previously domiciled as the Young King, by King Abdurrahman confirmed to be Mangkubumi, inherited his grandfather, Tun Perkasa.
After his death, Maharaja Dinda was successively replaced by Maharaja Lela I, Maharaja Lela Utama (1630-1650), Maharaja Lela Bangsawan (1650-1675), and then Maharaja Lela Utama (1675-1686).
Kingdoms of Riau, 19th century
List of kings of Pekantua Kampar
- Munawar Syah (1505-1511)
- Raja Abdullah (1511-1515)
- Sultan Mahmud Syah I (1526-1528 )
- Raja Ali/Sultan Alauddin Riayat Syah II (1528-1530)
- Tun Perkasa/ Raja Muda Tun Perkasa (1530-1551)
- Tun Hitam (1551-1575)
- Tun Megat (1575-1590)
- Raja Abdurrahman/Maharaja Dinda (1590-1630)
- Maharaja Lela I/Maharaja Lela Utama (1630-1650)
- Maharaja Lela Bangsawan (1650-1675)
Source (only indon. language)
– Sejarah Pekantua Kampar: http://herwandisahputra.blogspot.co.id/2014/10/asal-usul-pelalawan.html
– Sejarah Pekantua Kampar: http://melayuonline.com/ind/history/dig/356/kerajaan-pelalawan
– Sejarah Pekantua Kampar: http://smkmuh2-lomba1.blogspot.co.id/2015/04/kerajaan-yang-ada-di-riau.html