Kingdom of Kui / Isl. of Alor – Prov. Nusa Tenggara Timur

The Kingdom of Kui is located on the island of Alor. District of  Alor, province of Nusa Tenggara Timor.

Location island of Alor

* Foto kingdoms on the island of Alor: link

About the king

Raja (2005): Raja Kaharuddin Kinanggi.

Raja Kaharuddin Kinanggi of KuiAlor. Present Caretaker Raja Drs. Mochammad Kinanggi is high government official in Kupang. Foto 2005 ?

History of the kingdom

The kingdom of Kui is one of several kingdoms on the island of Alor. The 3 other kingdoms are:
* kingdom of Batulolong,
* kingdom of Kolana,
* kingdom of Alor.

The dynasty is a typical Alor dynasty in the present time, because of the fact, that several members are member of local, or provincial government on high, or lower level. The caretaker-Raja was government official. The present Raja functions very high on provincial level. A brother of him is high local government official.
The residence of the Raja isn’t far from the Alor capital Kalabahi: Lerabaing. The people of Kui is also much attached to the Raja dynasty.

Kingdoms on the island of Alor

NB: kerajaan = kingdom

* Kerajaan Abui,
* Kerajaan Alor,
* Kerajaan Batulolong,
* Kerajaan Bungabali,
* Kerajaan Kolana,
* Kerajaan Kui,
* Kerajaan Mataru,
* Kerajaan Munaseli,
* Kerajaan Pandai,
* Kerajaan Pureman.

History of the island of Alor

More than 15 different indigenous languages are spoken on Alor, the majority of them classified as Papuan or non-Austronesian. These include Abui, Adang, Hamap, Kabola, Kafoa, Woisika, Kelon, and Kui. In addition, Alorese is a Malayo-Polynesian language.

In a grave on Alor, five fishhooks were found under the chin and jaw of a woman, dating back to 12,000 years.
The Portuguese were the first Europeans in the region in the 16th century. Alor was then considered the home of cannibals, who did not want to be converted to Catholic Christianity. Only later did Calvinists succeed in converting part of the population. Previously, Islam could establish itself in parts of the island. In Greater Alor (Alor Besar), a 12th-century Koran is kept, which was brought here in 1500 from the Moluccan island of Ternate by five missionaries.
In 1851, Portuguese Governor José Joaquim Lopes de Lima, without authorization from Lisabon, sold Portugal’s claims of the Alor Archipelago and other areas on the Lesser Sunda Islands, nominally under Portuguese sovereignty, to the Netherlands for 200,000 florins.
Lopes de Lima fell out of favor and was deposed and arrested when Lisabon learned of the treaty. On the return journey to Portugal he died in Batavia. From 1854 the agreements were renegotiated. The Lisbon Treaty finally confirmed the sale. The ratification took place in 1859. However, the old connections between Alor and the Portuguese Timor still existed for a long time. In 1886, the locals paid Alors an annual tribute to the Liurai of Liquiçá, in the form of rice, corn, cotton and more.

Source (only in indon. language)

Tentang Suku Abui:

– Sejarah pulau Alor di Wiki: link
– Alor dulu dan sekarang:
– Tentang Suku Alor:
– Sejarah pulau Alor:
– Masuknya Islam di Alor: