Kingdom of Salakanagara / West Jawa

The kingdom of Salakanagara: 130 – 362. Located on west Java.

Location of Salakanagara


History

Salakanagara kingdom is the first historically recorded Indianised kingdom in Western Java This Kingdom existed between 130-362 AD. A relatively modern literature in the 17th century Pustaka Rajya Rajya i Bhumi Nusantara describes salakanagara as being founded by an indian merchant. However no historical records affirms this modern writeup on the ancient kingdom.

The history of Salakanagara is quite mysterious as the historical and archaeological sources are scarce. Compared to its successor, Tarumanagara, the kingdom did not leave any local tangible historical records and relics such as inscriptions or temples ruins. The main source of Salakanagara’s history was a manuscript Pustaka Rajya-rajya I Bhumi Nusantara composed in 17th century by a council led by Prince Wangsakerta of Cirebon, and a few Chinese sources.

According to Pustaka Rajya Rajya i Bhumi Nusantara, Salakanagara was located on west coast of Java, in the present day Banten province.It was founded by Dewawarman, stylised as Prabu Dharmalokapala Dewawarman Haji Raksagapura Sagara. Dewawarman was an Indian ambassador or trader sent from India to establish relations with Javadwipa. According to a history record from India, the kingdom ruled Javadwipa from 130 CE to 362 CE.
– Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salakanagara


Kings of Salakanagara

  1. 130-168: Dewawarman I Prabu Darmalokapala Aji Raksa Gapura Sagara Pedagang original from Bharata (India)
  2. 168-195: Dewawarman II Prabu Digwijayakasa Dewawarmanputra oldest son of Dewawarman I
  3. 195-238: Dewawarman III Prabu Singasagara Bimayasawirya son of Dewawarman II
  4. 238-252: Dewawarman IV son in law Dewawarman II, king of Ujung Kulon
  5. 252-276: Dewawarman V son in law Dewawarman IV
  6. 276-289: Mahisa Suramardini Warmandewi oldest son of Dewawarman IV and wife Dewawarman V
  7. 289-308: Dewawarman VI Sang Mokteng Samudera oldest son of Dewawarman V
  8. 308-340: Dewawarman VII Prabu Bima Digwijaya Satyaganapati oldest son of Dewawarman VI
  9. 340-348: Sphatikarnawa Warmandewi first son of Dewawarman VII
  10. 348-362: Dewawarman VIII Prabu Darmawirya Dewawarman grandchild of Dewawarman VI married Sphatikarnawa, last king of Salakanagara
  11. 362: Dewawarman IX Salakanagara is under the kingdom of Tarumanagara

– Source: http://hindualukta.blogspot.co.id/2015/02/pendiri-kerajaan-salakanagara-dan-raja.html


Source (english)

– History of Salakanagara: http://indoculturo.blogspot.co.id/2010/09/salakanagara-based-on-manuscript.html
– History of Salakanagara: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salakanagara
– History of Salakanagara: http://history-of-culture.blogspot.co.id/2011/11/salakanagara-oldest-kingdom.html

Source (only indon. language)

– Sejarah kerajaan Salakanagara di Wiki: Wiki
– Sejarah dan daftar raja Salakanagara: http://hindualukta.blogspot.co.id/2015/02/pendiri-kerajaan-salakanagara-dan-raja.html
Sejarah kerajaan Salakanagara:  http://sepuluhauberalles.blogspot.co.id/2013/09/kerajaan-salakanagarakerajaan-tertua-di.html
Sejarah kerajaan Salakanagara: http://www.bimbie.com/sejarah-kerajaan-salakanagara.htm
Sejarah kerajaan Salakanagara dan Daftar Raja:  http://www.kaskus.co.id/thread/52f4896d0d8b46dd058b45f8/kerajaan-indonesia-yg-300-tahun-lebih-tua-dari-kutai


Foto

Site pond stone menhir inscription Salakanagara

Site of Salakamanaga