The (old) Kingdom of Kutai / Prov. Kalimantan Timur

The ancient Kingdom of Kutai Martadipura: 4th century – 1365
This kingdom became the Sultanate of Kutai Kartenegara.

District of Kutai Kartanegara

Province of East Kalimantan 


* Foto kingdoms, ancient sites and tribes on Kalimantan:  link


History of the kingdom of Kutai

In the region of Kutai were 2 kingdoms:
* kingdom of Kutai Mulawarman Martadipura
* Sultanate of Kutai Kartanegara Ing Martadipura.
Kutai Mulawarman Martadipura is a 4th-century Indianized kingdom located in the Kutai area, East Kalimantan. It is one of the earliest ancient kingdoms in Indonesian history.
Seven stone pillars, or yūpa (“sacrificial posts”), have been found in Kutai, Kaman Estuary, near the Mahakam River. The plinths bear an inscription in the Pallava script of India reading “A gift to the Brahmin priests”. The style of the script has been dated to the last half the 4th century.
Around the end of the 13th century the kingdom of Kutai Kartanegara was established in the region of Tepian Batu or Kutai Lama. The first known ruler is Aji Batara Agung Dewa Sakti, who is thought to have ruled from 1300 to 1325. Aji Pangeran Sinum Panji Mendapa, who ruled 1635–1650, was able to conquer the kingdom of Kutai Martadipura and merged the two realms thus Kutai Kartanegara Ing Martadipura.

End of the kingdom

The kingdom of Kutai ended when the King of Kutai named Maharaja Dharma Setia was killed in the battle at the hands of King Kutai Kartanegara the 13th, Aji Prince Anum Panji Mendapa. Keep in mind that this Kutai (Kutai Martadipura) is different from the Kutai Kartanegara Kingdom, which was then the capital of Kutai Lama (Tanjung Kute).
This Kutai Kartanegara was called in 1365, in the Negarakertagama Javanese literature. Kutai Kartanegara became an Islamic kingdom. Since the year 1735 the kingdom of Kutai Kartanegara changed the title of Pangeran to Sultan (Sultan Aji Muhammad Idris) and until now it is called Sultanate of Kutai Kartanegara.

List of kings

* 350-375: Maharaja Sri Kundungga / Sri Gedongga
* 375-400: Maharaja Sri Acwawarman / Wamsekerta
* 400-446: Maharaja Sri Mulawarman Naladewa / Wamseragen
* 446-495: Maharaja Sri Wangsa Warman
* 495-543: Maharaja Maha Wijaya Warman

* 543-590: Maharaja Gaja Yana Warman
* 590-637: Maharaja Wijaya Tungga Waraman
* 637-686: Maharaja Jaya Tungga Nagawarman
* 686-736: Maharaja Nala Singawarman
* 736-783: Maharaja Nala Perana Tungga Warmandewa

* 783-832: Maharaja Gadingga Warmandewa
* 832-879: Maharaja Indra Warmandewa
* 879-926: Maharaja Singa Wirama Warmandewa
* 926-972: Maharaja Singa Wargala Warmandewa
* 972-1020: Maharaja Cendera Warmandewa

* 1020-1069: Maharaja Prabu Mula Tunggaldewa
* 1069-1117: Maharaja Nala Indradewa 1069-1117
* 1117-1166: Maharatu Mayang Mulawarni /Putri Aji Pidara Putih
* 1166-1214: Maharaja Indra Muliia Tungga Warmandewa
* 1214-1265: Maharaja Sri Langkadewa

* 1265-1325: Maharaja Guna Perana Tungga
* 1325-1337: Maharaja Nala Duta (Dewan RajaPerwalian)
* 1337-1373: Maharaja Puan Reniq Gelar Wijaya Warman
* 1373-1407: Maharaja Indra Muliia
* 1407-1425: Maharaja Sri Ajidewa

* 1425-1453: Maharaja Mulia Putra
* 1453-1509: Maharaja Nala Praditha
* 1509-1534: Maharaja Indra Parutha
* 1534-1605: Maharaja Derma Setiya

Finally this kingdom became the Sultanate of Kutai Kartenegara.


Source (english)

– History ancient Kutai: Wiki
History ancient Kutai: link
History ancient Kutai: link

Source (only indon. language)

Sejarah kerajaan Kutai kuno di Wiki: link
Sejarah kerajaan Kutai kuno:  http://keckotabangun.blogspot.co.id/2011/02/kerajaan-kutai-martapura-martadipura.html
– Sejarah kerajaan Kutai kuno: http://www.gurusejarah.com/2014/09/sejarah-kerajaan-kutai-kerajaan-hindu.html
– Sejarah kerajaan Kutai kuno: http://informasiana.com/sejarah-kerajaan-kutai-yang-lengkap-selamat-membaca/
Sejarah raja raja kerajaan Kutai kuno:  http://www.sejarahnusantara.com/kerajaan-hindu-buddha/sejarah-raja-raja-kerajaan-kutai-martadipura-abad-ke-4-10012.htm
– Daftar raja:  http://kutaihulu.blogspot.co.id/2011/08/kerajaan-kutai-martapura-martadipura.html


Foto

Kutai Kingdom is known based on the source of inscriptions (yupa) amounted to seven pieces. The Kingdom of Kutai is thought to have appeared in the century± 4 M.


 

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