Sultanate of Kutai Kartanegara ing Martadipura / Prov. Kalimantan Timur

ﻛﺴﻠﺘﺎﻧﻦ ﻛﻮﺗﻲ ﻛﺮﺗﺎﻧﯖﺮﺍ ﺇڠ ﻣﺮﺗﺎﺩﭬﻮﺭ

The Sultanate of Kutai Kartanegara: 1300 – 1960.
Located in the Province of East Kalimantan, district of Kutai Kartanegara.
Before there was the Old Kutai Kingdom. 4th Century untill 1300.

District of Kutai Kartanegara

Province of East Kalimantan


* Foto Sultanate of Kutai Kertanegara: link
* Foto palace (Kedaton) Kutai Kertanegara: link
* Foto palace, now museum Mulawarman: link
* Video Sejarah kesultanan Kutai: link


About the sultans today

In 1999, the Regent of Kutai Kartanegara, Syaukani Hasan Rais intended to revive the Kutai Kartanegara ing Martadipura Sultanate. The restoration of Kutai Sultanate was not intended to revive feudalism in the region, but as an effort to preserve the historical and cultural heritage of Kutai Kingdom as the oldest kingdom in Indonesia.
On November 7, 2000, the regent of Kutai Kartanegara and Crown Prince of Kutai H. Aji Pangeran Praboe Anoem Soerja Adiningrat met President Abdurrahman Wahid in Bina Graha Jakarta to convey the above intentions. President Wahid agreed and approved the restoration of the Sultanate of Kutai Kartanegara to the descendants of Sultan Kutai namely the crown prince H. Aji Pangeran Praboe.

22 september 2001: Heir to the throne the Prince Aji Surya Adiningrat became King Anum Sultan Kutai Martadipura ing Martadipura, with the title of: Sultan Aji Muhammad Salehuddin II.
6 aug. 2018: Sultan Aji Muhammad Salehuddin II died.
– Foto’s of the burrial of the sultan: link

15 dec. 2018: Crown Prince Adji Pangeran Prabu Anum Surya Adiningrat was installed as Sultan of Kutai Kartanegara Ing Martadipura XXI in the Kedaton Kesutanan Kutai or Museum Mulawarman Tenggarong. He succeeded his father Sultan Adji Muhammad Salehuddin II who was titled Sultan Adji Muhammad Arifin.


History of the Sultanate of Kutai Kertanagara

Line of history

* Kingdom of Sentawar, cikal bakal kerajaan Kutai, 4th century, link
* Kingdom of Muara Kaman, 4th century, link
* Kingdom of Kutai Kuno, 4th – 14th century, link
* Sultanate of Kutai Kertanegara, 14th century – 1960.

In the region of Kutai were 2 kingdoms, the first the kingdom was the kingdom of Kutai Mulawarman Martadipura and the second kingdom was the Sultanate of Kutai Kartanegara Ing Martadipura.
Kutai Mulawarman Martadipura is a 4th-century Indianized kingdom located in the Kutai area, East Kalimantan. It is one of the earliest ancient kingdoms in Indonesian history.

Around the end of the 13th century the kingdom of Kutai Kartanegara was established in the region of Tepian Batu or Kutai Lama. The first known ruler is Aji Batara Agung Dewa Sakti, who is thought to have ruled from 1300 to 1325. Aji Pangeran Sinum Panji Mendapa, who ruled 1635–1650, was able to conquer the kingdom of Kutai Martadipura and merged the two realms thus Kutai Kartanegara Ing Martadipura.

In 1667 the Dutch V.O.C. attacked Makassar on the island of Sulawesi leading to the downfall of the Bugis Kingdom of Gowa. Some of the Bugis under the leadership of Lamohang Daeng Mangkona or Pua Ado I immigrated to Kutai on neighbouring Borneo (Kalimantan) and the ruler of Kutai allowed them to settle in Kampung Melantai around the Karang Mumus River, now known as Kampung Selili. This settlement eventually developed into the modern town of Samarinda.

Islam took hold in the region since the 17th century (most of the Bugis were Muslims) and Aji Muhammad Idris, ruling 1732–1739?, was the first ruler to have an Islamic name.

After a civil war Aji Imbut, after finally becoming the ruler as Aji Muhammad Muslihuddin in 1780, moved the capital in 1782 from Pemarangan to Tepian Pandan. The name of the capital city eventually developed from Tangga Arung to its present form of Tenggarong.
In 1844 the Dutch defeated the Sultan Aji Muhammad Salehudin, forcing him into exile, and took direct control of Kutai.

The Japanese invaded the region in 1942 and acknowledged a “Kooti Kingdom”, that was a subject of the Tenno. In 1945 Kutai joined, along with its neighbours, into the East Kalimantan federation.
In 1949 Kutai finally became part of the United Republic of Indonesia.

Finally in 2001 the revival of the sultanate.

Kingdoms on East  Kaliantan


List of Kings

* 1300-1325: Aji Batara Agung Dewa Sakti
* 1325-1360: Aji Batara Agung Paduka Nira
* 1360-1420: Aji Maharaja Sultan
* 1420-1475: Aji Raja Mandarsyah
* 1475-1545: Aji Pangeran Tumenggung Bayabaya

* 1545-1610: Aji Raja Mahkota Mulia Alam
* 1610-1635: Aji Dilanggar
* 1635-1650: Aji Pangeran Sinum Panji Mendapa ing Martapura
* 1650-1665: Aji pangeran Dipati Agung ing Martapura
* 1665-1686: Aji Pangeran Dipati Maja Kusuma ing Martapura

* 1686-1700: Aji Ragi Gelar Ratu Agung
* 1700-1710: Aji Pangeran Dipati Tua
* 1710-1735: Aji Pangeran Anum Panji Mendapa ing Martapura
* 1735-1778: Aji Muhammad Idris
* 1778-1780: Aji Muhammad Aliyeddin

* 1780-1816: Aji Muhammad Muslihuddin
* 1816-1845: Aji Muhammad Salehuddin
* 1845-1899: Aji Muhammad Sulaiman
* 1899-1910: Aji Muhammad Alimuddin
* 1920-1960: Aji Muhammad Parikesit
* 1999-…: Haji Aji Muhammad Salehuddin (1999-sekarang)

– Sumber / Source:  http://kesultanan.kutaikartanegara.com


Palaces of the sultanate

1) Kedaton Kutai Kartanegara
Kedaton Kutai Kartanegara is a palace belonging to Sultan Kutai Kartanegara located in downtown Tenggarong, East Kalimantan, Indonesia. This palace was completed by the Government of Kutai Kartanegara Regency in 2002 after the revitalization of Kutai Kartanegara ing Martadipura Sultanate.
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Kedaton Kutai Kartanegara

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2) Old palace Kutai Mulawarman
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Kutai Kartanegara Sultanate Palace was founded in 1932 by the Dutch government. Handed over to the Sultan  Adji Muhammad Parikesit in 1935.

 


Source (english)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kutai#Kutai_Kartanegara_Sultanate
http://kesultanan.kutaikartanegara.com/index.php?menu=History&lang=english
– http://melayuonline.com/eng/history/dig/66/kutai-kingdom
– About the palace: link

Source (only indon. language)

– Sejarah kesultanan Kutai di Wiki: link
Sejarah kesultanan Kutai di Melayuonline: link
– Sejarah kesultanan Kutai: http://informasiana.com/sejarah-kerajaan-kutai-yang-lengkap-selamat-membaca/#
– Sejarah kesultanan Kutai: http://kesultanan.kutaikartanegara.com/index.php?menu=Sejarah
– Sejarah kesultanan Kutai: http://kesultanan.kutaikartanegara.com/index.php?menu=Sejarah
Daftar Raja:  http://kesultanan.kutaikartanegara.com/index.php?menu=Silsilah_Sultan_Kutai

Hidup kembali kesultanan: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kesultanan_Kutai_Kartanegara_ing_Martadipura#Penghidupan_Kembali_Kesultanan_Kutai_Kartanegara

– Keraton Kesultanan Kutai Kartanegara: link
Tentang Kedaton: link
Tentang Kedaton: link
Tentang Sultan sekarang (2016), Haji Aji Muhammad Salehuddin II: Wiki