Kingdom of Dusun Tuo / Sumatera, Prov. Riau

The Kingdom of Dusun Tuo was a kingdom of the Minangkabau People. Located on Sumatera, prov. West Sumatera, District Tanah Datar. 5th Century.

District Tanah Datar

Line history kingdoms on Sumatera: link

Foto kingdoms / sultanates on Sumatera

* Foto sultans and kings today on Sumatera: link
* Foto sultans and kings in the past on Sumatera: link

Video history of the kingdoms / sultanates on Sumatera

* Video history kingdoms on Sumatera, 75.000 BC – today: link
* Video history kingdoms on North Sumatera, 0 AD – today: link
Video history kingdoms on West Sumatera, 0 AD – today, link


History of the kingdom Dusun Tuo, 5th century

Google translation

The Kingdom of Bungo Setangkai was centered on the Tarab river, and existed from the middle of the 5th century AD to the middle of the 14th century AD. It was led by a king who had the title Datuk Ketumanggungan.
Dt. Katumanggungan was the son of Dt.Sri Maharajo Dirajo, while Dt. Parpatih Nan Sabatang, was a child from Cati Bilang Pandai or Dt.Suri Dirajo. Their mother was Puti Indo Jalito alias Bundo Kanduang.

Due to a disagreement with his younger brother, Dt. Parpatih Nan Sabatang, Dt. Katumanggungan decided to look for a new area.
Dt. Katumanggungan stopped in an area, where the nature felt beautiful, was fertile, and the people there were friendly. So the Katumanggungan group felt comfortable enough to live there, and Datuk Katumanggungan founded a kingdom called Bungo Satangkai on the Tarab River and entrusted it to Datuk Banadaro Putieh.
The kingdom of Bungo Satangkai continued to develop, and its system of sovereignty was called Koto Piliang.

Datuk Perpatih Nan Sebatang founded the Kingdom of Dusun Tuo di Lima Kaum. His prime-minister was Datuk Bandaro Kuniang.

History of the kingdoms in the Minangkabau area

The Pagaruyung Kingdom was founded by King Adityawarwan in 1343, which initially covered the former Bunga Setangkai kingdom and the former Dharmasyara kingdom.
Before the Pagaruyung Kingdom in Minangkabau, there were already other kingdoms that existed:

1) Kingdom of Pasumayan Koto Batu, which was centered in Pariangan, at the foot of Mount Merapi, approximately 3 centuries BC. The famous king was Sri Maharaja Di raja, who according to Tambo Alam Minangkabau was the son of Sultan Iskandar Zulkarnaen, who came from Egypt’s Alexandria. It was during the reign of Raja Sri Maharaja Diraja that cities and nagari (countries) were formed and each city and country had a datuk as traditional leader and they were at the same time absolute representatives of the sovereigns held by Sri Maharaja Diraja in Pariangan. His son Datuk Ketumanggungan and half-brother Datuk Perpatih Nan Sebatang and his biological mother Datuk Suri Dirajo were perfecting the custom and governance arrangements.

2) Kingdom of Lagundi Nan Baselo, centered on the Padang Panjang pariangan, existed from the middle of the 2nd century AD to the middle of the 5th century AD.

3) Kingdom of Bungo Sitangkai. After the collapse of the Lagundi Nan Baselo kingdom, the Setangkai Kingdom emerged, which was centered on the Tarab river, which dates from the middle of the 5th century AD to the middle of the 14th century AD. It was led by a king who has the title Datuk Ketumanggungan.

4) Kingdom of Dusun Tuo. See above.

5) Dharmasraya kingdom. Along with the establishment of the Setangkai Kingdom, the Dharmasraya kingdom was also established, whose kings also came from Pariangan Padang Panjang. One of the famous kings, Tri Buwana Raja Mauliwarmadewa, married Puti Lenggogeni from the Bunga Setangkai Sungai Tarab kingdom, and gave birth to 3 children, namely, Puti Paraweswari or better known as Puti Dara Jingga, mother of King Adityawarman, Puti Indraswari or better known as Puti. Dara Petak, the mother of King Jayanegara. Raja Parameswar which is also known as Akarendrawan which in tambo is better known as Tuanku Raja Muda.

6) The Kingdom of Bukit Batu Patah. See above.

In black: the Minangkabau People

Kingdoms in Riau, 19th century

Source (only in indon. language)

– Sejarah kerajaan Dusun Tuo di Wiki: Wiki
Sejarah kerajaan Dusun Tuo dan Bungo Satangkai:
Sejarah kerajaan Dusun Tuo:

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