Kingdom of Pureman / Isl. of Alor – Prov. Nusa Tenggara Timur

The kingdom of Pureman was located on the island of Alor, prov. of Nusa Tenggara Timur.
The Pureman Kingdom was merged by the Dutch in 1917 into Erana and 1932 to Kolana.

Location island of Alor

* Foto kingdoms on Alor: link

History of the kingdom of Pureman

Google translation

History records that Portuguese rule in Alor was limited to raising the Portuguese flag on some coastal areas. For example, in Kui, Mataru, Batulolong, Kolana, and Blagar. Similarly, the early Dutch occupied Alor, confined to the recognition of the rulers, who were on the coast as kings and on the placement of a Posthouder in Little Alor who was impaled right at the gate of Kabola in 1861.
In about 1910-1916, the Dutch were challenged by the people of Alor-Pantar. The famous kingdoms that no less dazzle the Netherlands such as the Kingdom of Bungabali, Kingdom of Kui, Kingdom of Kolana, Pureman Kingdom, Mataru Kingdom, Batulolong Kingdom, Baranusa Kingdom, Pandai Kingdom, and Blagar Kingdom. However, the Dutch with their policy of devide et impera and Korte Verklaring (Short Treatise) managed to conquer the kings.

Kingdoms on the island of Alor

NB: kerajaan = kingdom

* Kerajaan Abui,
* Kerajaan Alor,
* Kerajaan Batulolong,
* Kerajaan Bungabali,
* Kerajaan Kolana,
* Kerajaan Kui,
* Kerajaan Mataru,
* Kerajaan Munaseli,
* Kerajaan Pandai,
* Kerajaan Pureman.

History of the island of Alor

More than 15 different indigenous languages are spoken on Alor, the majority of them classified as Papuan or non-Austronesian. These include Abui, Adang, Hamap, Kabola, Kafoa, Woisika, Kelon, and Kui. In addition, Alorese is a Malayo-Polynesian language.

In a grave on Alor, five fishhooks were found under the chin and jaw of a woman, dating back to 12,000 years.
The Portuguese were the first Europeans in the region in the 16th century. Alor was then considered the home of cannibals, who did not want to be converted to Catholic Christianity. Only later did Calvinists succeed in converting part of the population. Previously, Islam could establish itself in parts of the island. In Greater Alor (Alor Besar), a 12th-century Koran is kept, which was brought here in 1500 from the Moluccan island of Ternate by five missionaries.
In 1851, Portuguese Governor José Joaquim Lopes de Lima, without authorization from Lisabon, sold Portugal’s claims of the Alor Archipelago and other areas on the Lesser Sunda Islands, nominally under Portuguese sovereignty, to the Netherlands for 200,000 florins.
Lopes de Lima fell out of favor and was deposed and arrested when Lisabon learned of the treaty. On the return journey to Portugal he died in Batavia. From 1854 the agreements were renegotiated. The Lisbon Treaty finally confirmed the sale. The ratification took place in 1859. However, the old connections between Alor and the Portuguese Timor still existed for a long time. In 1886, the locals paid Alors an annual tribute to the Liurai of Liquiçá, in the form of rice, corn, cotton and more.

Source (only in indon. language)

Tentang Suku Abui:

– Sejarah pulau Alor di Wiki: link
– Alor dulu dan sekarang:
– Tentang Suku Alor:
– Sejarah pulau Alor:
– Masuknya Islam di Alor: