The kingdom of Janggala: 1045 – 1136. Located on east Java.
Kahuripan is the name of a kingdom in East Java which was founded by Airlangga in 1009.
At the end of November 1042, Airlangga was forced to divide his kingdom into two, namely the western part called Kadiri with the capital city of Daha, and the eastern part called Janggala with the capital city of Kahuripan.
After abdicating the throne, Airlangga lived his life as a hermit until he died around 1049.
Prov. East Java
* Foto sultans and kings, today on Jawa: link
* Foto keratons (palaces) on Jawa: link
* Foto Batavia (Jakarta) in the past: link
* Foto Jawa in the past: link
* Attack of Batavia by Sultan Agung, 1628/1628: link
* Foto Diponegoro – war, 1825: link
* Foto old sites on Jawa: link
History of the kingdom of Janggala
The Kingdom of Janggala is one of the two Javanese kingdoms, that was formed when Airlangga abdicated his throne in favour of his two sons in 1045. The other Kingdom was Kediri. The Kingdom of Janggala comprised the northeastern part of the Kingdom of Kahuripan.
Airlangga was the only king of the Kahuripan kingdom on Java. At the end of his life he decided to divide his kingdom between his two sons; the new kingdoms were Kadiri and Janggala. “After establishing his kingdom between his two sons and he himself retired to life of monastic contemplation.” Here we learn that Airlangga even before he died, handed over his kingdom to retire to his own personal thought and meditation.
Janggala finally was conquered by the king Sri Jayabhaya of Kadiri.
Since then Janggala was subordinate to Kadiri. According to Kakawin Smaradahana, the king of Kadiri named Sri Kameswara, who reigned circa 1182-1194, had a queen from Janggala named Kirana.
Location kingdom of Janggala
List of Kings
– Source: Wiki
Remains of the Janggala kingdom
Inscription Turun Hyang
The Turun Hyang inscription tells of a war between the Kadiri Kingdom and the Jenggala Kingdom. Since the beginning of the separation of the two kingdoms from the Airlangga Kingdom, they never got along. The inscription written in 1104 tells of the defeat of the Jenggala Kingdom in the war led by Sri Jayabhaya.
Ancient Well was used to do heresy. The object is in the middle of an area, in the village of Pepe Tambak, Sedari, Sudoarjo. Many people from various regions visited this place.
Visitors usually come on Friday nights or suro nights to do something because these relics are still sacred. Local people tell that visitors usually come to this place in order to look for mustika stones or ancient objects such as small keris, but not many dare to bring them home. Interestingly, the well is still clean and fresh so it can still be used like a well in general.
Candi (temple) Prada temple is located in the Reno Pencil hamlet, Sidoarjo regency, but unfortunately the candi was damaged by residents in 1965. Little is known about the legacy of the Jenggala kingdom, moreover, some have been destroyed like this temple. It is unfortunate that the legacy of Chandi Prada is gone because it is damaged.