The kingdom of Tangko was located on the island of Sumbawa, in the region of Desa Ongko, kecamatan Empang, Kabupaten Sumbawa. Prov. Nusa Tenggara Barat.
About the kingdom
Based on various historical references, in the year 1357 the Majapahit Kingdom made expedition to the island of Sumbawa, under the leadership of Mpu Nala. In this expedition were successfully mastered several kingdoms in the west and east of Sumbawa Island, namely Dompo (Dompu), Cow (Sape), Volcano (Tambora), Taliwung (Taliwang), Seran (Seteluk), Kadali Forest (Utan) and Kingdom of Tangko (Empang).
With the conquest of these kingdoms Hinduism became a religion in the conquered kingdom. Still based on the historical reference of the Empire of Tangko was located in Ongko Village area now, and led by a king with the title of Batara. There are several sources in Empang and Tarano that mention the location named Ai Pat forest, in the mountains between Ongko-Banda Village (Tarano District) and Mata Village (Tarano District).
The remains of the Kingdom are now believed to be the site of occult forces that often affect the villagers, as can cause illness or bring certain blessings.
Kingdoms on Sumbawa
Short history of the island of Sumbawa
The 14th-century Nagarakretagama mentioned several principalities identified to be on Sumbawa; Dompu, Bima, Sape and Sang Hyang Api volcanic island just offcoast of northeast Sumbawa. Four principalities in western Sumbawa were dependencies of the Majapahit Empire of eastern Java. Because of Sumbawa’s natural resources, it was regularly invaded by outside forces – from Javanese, Balinese, Makassarese, Dutch and Japanese. The Dutch first arrived in 1605, but did not effectively rule Sumbawa until the early 20th century.
The Balinese kingdom of Gelgel ruled western Sumbawa for a short period as well. The eastern parts of the island were also home to the Sultanate of Bima, an Islamic polity that had links to Bugis and Makasarese people of South Sulawesi, as well as other Malay-Islamic polities in the archipelago.Historical evidence indicates that people on Sumbawa island were known in the East Indies for their honey, horses, sappan wood for producing red dye, and sandalwood used for incense and medications. The area was thought to be highly productive agriculturally.
In the 18th century, the Dutch introduced coffee plantation on the western slopes of Mount Tambora, a volcano on the north side of Sumbawa, thus creating the Tambora coffee variant. Tambora’s colossal eruption in 1815 was one of the most powerful of all time, ejecting 150 cubic kilometres (36 cu mi) of ash and debris into the atmosphere. The eruption killed up to 71,000 people and triggered a period of global cooling known as the “Year Without a Summer” in 1816. It also apparently destroyed a small culture of Southeast Asian affinity, known to archaeologists as the “Tambora culture”.
Old map of Sumbawa (Cambaua)
Klik here for old maps of Sumbawa 1598, 1606 Sumbawa / Nusantara, 1614, 1615, 1697 Sumbawa / Nusantara 1800-an, 1856, 1856, 1910.
Source Tangko (only indon. language)
Source history island of Sumbawa (only indon. language)
– Sejarah pulau Sumbawa: https://ihinsolihin.wordpress.com/artikel/sejarah-raja-pemerintahan-di-sumbawa/
– Sejarah pulau Sumbawa: http://sejarahini.blogspot.co.id/2013/06/sejarah-singkat-pulau-sumbawa.html
– Sejarah pulau Sumbawa: http://www.galeribudaya.com/2017/10/sejarah-pulau-sumbawa.html
– Sejarah pulau Sumbawa: http://lsotour.blogspot.co.id/2012/01/sejarah-singkat-sumbawa.html
Grave of Aisyah, Putri dari Raja Kerajaan Tangko (Source Foto- Yin Ude (Corong Bulaeng)