The sultanate of Pelalawan / Sumatera – Prov. Riau

كسولتانن ڤلالاون

The Sultanate of Pelalawan, 1725-1946. Located on Sumatera, in the District of Pelalawan, province of Riau.

Kabupaten Pelalawan

Province of Riau 


* Foto sultanate of Pelalawan: link
* Foto Palace “Sayap”: link


Revival of the sultanate

On August 7, 2008, the traditional Lembaga Kerapatan of Pelalawan appointed Tengku Kamaruddin Haroen bin Sultan Syarif Harun as the 10th Sultan of Pelalawan, with the title of Sultan Assyaidis Syarif Kamaruddin Haroen Degree.


About the King

Sultan (2018): Assaidissyarif Kamarudin Haroen, Tengku Besar Pelalawan, Sultan of Pelalawan the 10th.
The king was installed 7 aug. 2008.

– Source: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Syarif_Kamaruddin


History of the sultanate of Pelalawan

Kingdom of Pekantua 1380-1505

Initially, the Pelalawan Kingdom was named Pekantua Kingdom, because it was built in an area called Pematang Tuo. After successfully building the kingdom, the first king of Pekantua, Maharaja Indera (1380-1420), built the Hyang Temple in Bukit Tuo (now Pematang Buluh or Pematang Lubuk Emas) as a form of gratitude.

Kingdom of Pekantua Kampar 1505-1675

After defeating Pekantua, Sultan Mansyur Shah then appointed Munawar Shah as King Pekantua, who reigned in 1505-1511. At the ceremonial ceremony of the king, the name of the Kingdom of Pekantua was changed to the Kingdom of Pekantua Kampar.

Kingdom of Tanjung Negeri 1675-1725

During the reign of Maharaja Lela Utama (1675-1686), the royal capital was moved to the Nilo River. This kingdom is called the Kingdom of Tanjung Negeri. After his death, Maharaja Lela Utama was succeeded by his son, Maharaja Wangsa Jaya (1686-1691).

Sultanate of Pelalawan 1725 AD 1946 

After his death, Maharaja Muda Lela (1691-1720) succeeded his son, Maharaja Dinda II (1720-1750). At this time the royal center was moved to a place which Maharaja Lela Utama once marked as the center of the kingdom, which is on the River Rasau, one of the Kampar River, far downstream of the Nilo River.
Around the year 1725, a ceremony was performed for the transfer from Tanjung Negeri to Rasau River. In the royal ceremonial ceremony, Maharaja Dinda II announced that with the move, the kingdom changed its name to the “Pelalawan” Kingdom, which means a place of shame or place that has been marked / reserved. Since then, the name of the Kingdom of Pekantua Kampar has not been used anymore, and has been replaced by the name “Pelalawan”.

Kingdoms in the province of Riau, 19th century


List of kings

a) Kingdom of Pekantua (1380-1505)

* 1380-1420: Maharaja Indera
* 1420-1445: Maharaja Pura
* 1445-1460: Maharaja Laka
* 1460-1480: Maharaja Sysya
* 1480-1505: Maharaja Jaya

b) Kingdom of Pekantua Kampar (1505-1675)

* 1505-1511: Munawar Syah
* 1511-1515: Raja Abdullah
* 1526-1528: Sultan Mahmud Syah I
* 1528-1530: Raja Ali/Sultan Alauddin Riayat Syah II
* 1530-1551: Tun Perkasa/ Raja Muda Tun Perkasa
* 1551-1575: Tun Hitam
* 1575-1590: Tun Megat
* 1590-1630: Raja Abdurrahman/Maharaja Dinda
* 1630-1650: Maharaja Lela I/Maharaja Lela Utama
* 1650-1675: Maharaja Lela Bangsawan

c) Kingdom of Tanjung Negeri (1675-1725)

* 1675-1686: Maharaja Lela Utama
* 1686-1691: Maharaja Wangsa Jaya
* 1691-1720: Maharaja Muda Lela
* 1720-1725: Maharaja Dinda II

d) Sultanate of Pelalawan (1725-1946)

* 1725-1750: Maharaja Dinda II/Maharaja Dinda Perkasa/Maharaja Lela Dipati 1775-1798: Maharaja Lela II
* 1798-1822: Sayid Abdurrahman/Syarif Abdurrahman Fakhruddin
* 1822-1828: Syarif Hasyim
* 1828-1844: Syarif Ismail
* 1844-1866: Syarif Hamid
* 1866-1872: Syarif Jafar
* 1872-1886: Syarif Abubakar
* 1886-1892: Tengku Sontol Said Ali
* 1892-1930: Syarif Hasyim II
* 1930-1940: Tengku Sayid Osman/Pemangku Sultan
* 1940-1946: Syarif Harun/Tengku Sayid Harun

7 aug. 2008: Installation of Assaidissyarif Kamarudin Haroen Tengku Besar Pelalawan, as Sultan of Pelalawan the 10th.

– Source:  http://wartasejarah.blogspot.co.id/2013/12/sejarah-kerajaan-pelalawan.html

Connection sultanate of Pelalawan and sultanate of Siak

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Connection Sultan Pelalawan and Sultan Siak


The Palace: Istana Sayap

The Pelalawan Royal Palace was built by the Sultan of Pelalawan, Tengku Sontol Said Ali (1886-1892 AD). Before the building was completed, he died and was given the title Marhum Mangkat in the hall. Furthermore, the construction of the Palace continued until it was completed by his successor, Sultan Syarif Hasyim II (1892-1930 AD).
In 2012 the palace was burned down.
* Foto Palace “Sayap”: link


Old maps of Sumatera

Untuk peta kuno Sumatera (1565, 1588, 1598, 1601, 1616, 1620, 1707, 1725, 1760), klik di sini

Sumatera, 1707


Source (english)

– History on Melayuonline: link
About the Palace: link
List of kings: link

Source (only indon. language)

– Sejarah kesultanan Pelalawan di Wiki: link
Sejarah kesultanan Pelalawan di Melayuonline: link
– Sejarah kesultanan Pelalawan: https://www.facebook.com/notes/muhammad-aminuddin-abdul-pakar/kerajaan-pelalawan/645077888862795/
– Sejarah kesultanan Pelalawan:
http://radarpekanbaru.com/news/detail/3279/sejarah-kerajaan-pelalawan-berawal-dari-kerajaan-pekantua-yang-didirikan-oleh-maharaja-indra.html
Daftar raja:   http://wartasejarah.blogspot.co.id/2013/12/sejarah-kerajaan-pelalawan.html
Sejarah Istana: link
Sejarah Istana: link
Foto prosesi adat Balimau Sultan Kerajaan Pelalawan 2013: link
– Sultan baru sejak 2008: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Syarif_Kamaruddin
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– Sejarah Pekantua, Pekantua Kampar, Tanjng Negeri: http://herwandisahputra.blogspot.co.id/2014/10/asal-usul-pelalawan.html
Sejarah Pekantua, Pekantua Kampar, Tanjng Negeri: http://melayuonline.com/ind/history/dig/356/kerajaan-pelalawan
Sejarah Pekantua, Pekantua Kampar, Tanjng Negeri,: http://smkmuh2-lomba1.blogspot.co.id/2015/04/kerajaan-yang-ada-di-riau.html