Kingdom of Skala Brak / Sumatera, prov. Lampung

The Kingdom of Sekala Brak is located at the foot of Mount Pesagi (highest mountain in Lampung), Prov. Lampung, Sumatra.
Sekak Brak (Read: Sekala Bekhak) is a kingdom characterized by Hinduism and is known as the Kingdom of Hindu Sekak Brak. After the arrival of the Four Umpu from Pagaruyung, who spread Islam, the Kingdom of the Hindu Skala Brak then changed to Kepaksian Sekala Brak, consisting of 4 Paksi.
The Kingdom of Skala Brak is already known in the 3rd / 4th century.

Provinsi Lampung

District of Lampung Barat


* Foto Skala Brak, Paksi Bejalan di Way:  link
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Foto Skala Brak, Paksi Belunguh: link
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Foto Skala Brak, Paksi Nyerupa: link
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Foto Skala Brak, Paksi Pernong: link


The Sultans of Skala Brak, (2018)

The kingdom of Skala Brak consists of 4 Paksi, and each Paksi has its own sultan.

From left:
Sultan Kepaksian Nyerupa,
Sultan Kepaksian Bejalan Diway,
Sultan Kepaksian Pernong, dan
Sultan Kepaksian Belunguh


History of the kingdom

Kepaksian Skala Brak existed already in the 3th / 4th century. It was a Hindu kingdom. The existence of the kingdom is based on evidences of historical relics, like the existence of a big slate in Bunuk Tuar, the kepapang stone and the site of Bekhak.
The kingdom of Skala Brak collapsed, when Islamic teaching started to come in this area.
There were 4 princes of Pagaruyung, who arrived in Skala Brak. These 4 princes were Umpu Belunguh, Umpuh Pernong, Umpu Berjalan di Way and Umpu Nyerupa.
In Skala Brak those 4 Umpu’s established an association named Paksi Pak.
The 4 Umpu’s had a big role in establishing Skala Brak Kingdom. Later this kingdom was divided in 4 regions and each of the 4 figures became its leader:
1. Umpu Bejalan Di Way ruled in the region of Kembahang and Balik Bukit; this region was called Paksi Buay Bejalan di Way,
2. Umpu Belunguh ruled the region Belalau, this region was called Paksi Buay Belunguh,
3. Umpu Nyerupa ruled the region Sukau, this region was called Paksi Buay Nyerupa,
4. Umpu Pernong ruled Batu Brak, this region was called Paksi Buay Pernong.
So, the governmental structure of Skal Brak kingdom was divided into 4 Paksi’s: Buay Bejalan di Way, Buay Belunguh, Buau Nyerupa and Buay Pernong.
For full history see: http://melayuonline.com/eng/history/dig/409/skala-brak-kingdom


Location of the kingdom of Skala Brak

Skala Brak is located at the foot of Mount Pesagi (highest mountain in Lampung), West Lampung district.

Gunung Pesagi


Source (english)

– History of kingdom of Skala Brak: http://melayuonline.com/eng/history/dig/409/skala-brak-kingdom
 History of kingdom of Skala Brak: http://fakhri-tutor.blogspot.co.id/2009/10/kingdom-brak-scale-language-indonesia-1.html

Source (only indon. language)

– Sejarah Skala Brak di Melayuonline: link
– Sejarah Skala Brak di Wiki: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kepaksian_Sekala_Brak
– Sejarah Skala Brak dan daftar raja: http://up45.kelaskaryawan.co.id/_b.php?_b=info&id=41700#Berdirinya_Kepaksian_Sekala_Brak
Sejarah Skala Brak: http://www.skyscrapercity.com/showthread.php?t=1363447
 Sejarah Skala Brak: https://khufronimi9.wordpress.com/sejarah-kerajaan/
– Sejarah Lampung: https://supriliwa.wordpress.com/sejarah-lampung/