Rajo Tigo Selo – highest institution of the kingdom of Pagaruyung / Prov. Sumatera Barat – Pagaruyung

The Sultanate of Pagaruyung Darul Qarar: 1600th – 1833.
Pagaruyung was the seat of the Minangkabau kings of Western Sumatra.
Rajo Tigo Selo is the highest institution of the sultanate of Pagaruyung.
It consists of 3 kings: the Raja Alam, Raja Adat and Raja Ibadat.

District Tanah Datar


About Rajo Tigo Selo

Rajo Tigo Selo is the highest institution of the sultanate of Pagaruyung.
It consists of 3 kings: the Raja Alam, Raja Adat and Raja Ibadat, who are from one lineage.
Raja Adat and Raja Ibadat are also called Raja Duo Selo.

The 3 kings of Rajo Tigo Selo have very close kinship by marrying each other with the aim of purifying the royal blood between them, as well as to maintain the triad structure of power, so that it is not easily divided.

The Raja Alam is the highest of the three kings. Raja Alam decides matters regarding governance as a whole. The Raja Adat has the duty to decide matters relating to religious matters, and the Raja Ibadat to decides matters related to religion.

Raja Alam

The top of the Minangkabau kingdom government, centered in Pagaruyung, has its own structure. The power of government is held by the three kings of Rajo Tigo Selo.
Raja Alam is in charge of the Raja Adat  and the Raja Ibadat. The Raja Alam resides in Pagaruyung.

Raja Alam is the head of government, while Raja Adat takes care of religious matters and Raja Ibadat takes care of religious and educational matters.
Each king has his respective domicile. Raja Alam is domiciled in Pagaruyung, Raja Adat is based in Buo and Raja Ibadat is based in S lumpur Kudus.

Raja Adat

The Raja Adat, who is domiciled in Buo, is one of the 2 Rajo Duo Selo beside the Raja Ibadat, who is domiciled in S lumpur Kudus. Raja Adat and Raja Ibadat are called Rajo Duo Selo. Raja Adat has the authority to decide cases of civilization problems, if the Basa Ampek Balai cannot solve them. If there is a customary issue, which is also impossible for the Raja Adat to decide, the matter is brought up to Raja Alam. It is the Raja Alam, who decides everything, that no one else can.

Raja Ibadat

Raja Ibadat, who is domiciled in S lumpur Kudus is one of the 2 Rajo Duo Selo; the other one is Raja  Ibadat, who is domiciled in Buo. Raja Ibadat has the authority to decide cases of religious matters if the Basa Ampek Balai  cannot solve them. If there are religious issues that the Raja Ibadat cannot decide, the matter is brought up to Raja Alam. It is Raja Alam, who decides everything, that no one else can.


Source (only indon. language)

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