The kingdom of Karangasem Lombok (or Karangasem Sasak) was located on the island of Lombok. 1740-1838.
Island of Lombok.
Location island of Lombok
– List of the kingdoms on Lombok: link
– Video history kingdoms on Lombok and NTB: link
The establishment of Bali on Lombok, 1740 – 1838
The request for assistance from Arya Banjar Getas caused Karangasem to to get influence on Lombok. Originally Bali wanted to occupy the western island of Lombok by sending its people on a large scale. The victory obtained at Tanak Beaq and the agreement of East Juring and West Juring means the kingdom of Karangasem Bali had an increasingly steady position in Lombok.
When Karangasem came to power over Lombok, a group of Balinese came to Lombok led by a triad of I Gusti Ketut Karangasem, the younger brother of Karangasem as group leader, Pedanda Gde Ketut Subali as religious leader, and Mas Poleng as the board of development issues and agriculture. The Singasari kingdom (Karangasem Sasak) was founded, because the number of Balinese people increased on Lombok. Finally, the Balinese in their territory established several villages which constituted a small royal empire such as the Singasari kingdom (Karangasem Sasak) with its king Anak Agung Ngurah Made Karang (1720), the kingdom of Mataram, with its king named Family of Kings and Anak Bangsawan Agung Bagus Jelantik , Kingdom of Pagesangan, with its king named Anak Agung Nyoman Karang, Pagutan kingdom, with its king named Anak Agung Wayan Sidemen, and Sengkongo kingdom, with its king named Anak Agung Ketut Rai B.
The rise of Karangasem Bali in Lombok – the kingdom of Singasari
The Kingdom of Karangasem Bali appointed its representative in Lombok, namely Singasari Kingdom (Karangasem Sasak). The relationship between the kingdoms was based on the principle of kinship to achieve prosperity and common interests. To strengthen this unity Singasari king founded Pura Meru in Singasari in 1774. Singasari kingdom acted as chairman in a federation government.
The royal government of Singasari (1740-1838) was successively ruled by three kings with the same title, Gusti Made Karangasem (I, II, and III). At this time there was a massive wave of movement of the people of Bali to Lombok. In running his government, for downward affairs handed over to the courtier. The collection taxes of the Sasak people was handed over to officers from the Sasak tribe. To increase the power, Singasari conquered Sekongo in 1803. Singasari considered itself more capable than the other kingdoms. The king of Singasari had four children, the eldest named Dewa Cokorda, then Anak Agung Bagus Oka, Anak Agung Bagus Karangasem and the youngest named Agung Ayu Putri married with the son of the king of Mataram. As a substitute for the king of Singasari, Dewa Cokorda was appointed by the patihnya Gusti Gde Dangin.
The fall of Singasari 1839
Pagesangan hated Singasari because almost all families of the king of Pagesangan were killed. Only one could escape to the bay of Sumbawa. When there was a seizure of territory between Penujak (including Singasari region) and Kateng village (including Mataram area), then in 1838, the king of Mataram declared war to Singasari. The revelation affects the villages of Batukliang, Kopang, Praya and Sakra.
Furthermore, the kingdom of Mataram was assisted by the kingdom of Pagesangan and Pagutan. They were also supported by Captain King, a British merchant and the captain’s ship’s was named Ismail. Karangasem Bali also brought in 6,000 troops to help Mataram. Singasari was assisted by Lange (a Danish trader) and a merchant from Scotland. In the battle, Mataram was in critical condition after the death of king Sepuh I Gusti Karangasem III in Rumak. That’s when Sakra joined Kuripan to help Mataram in pounding Singasari. Singasari Kingdom was surrounded. In this battle, the Singasari palace was burned and all the kings’ families were killed except for their two small children, a woman and a man, they were then taken to Karangasem Bali. Gusti Gde Dangkin, Patih Singasari, was killed in Pamotan. Singasari Kingdom surrendered to the Mataram kingdom in 1839.
Lombok before the war of 1891
red = Balinese
blue = Sasak
Source Karangasem Lombok (only indon. language)
– Sejarah kerjaan Singasari: https://agusyulionopati.blogspot.co.id/2017/02/makalah-kerajaan-kerajaan-di.html
– Sejarah kerjaan Singasari: http://gdefik.blogspot.co.id/2012/10/munculnya-kerajaan-karangasem-sasak.html
Source old kingdoms on Lombok (only indon. language)
– Sejarah Kedatuan kuno Sasak: http://suparmanol.blogspot.co.id/2010/12/sejarah-kedatuan-sasak.html
– Sejarah Kedatuan kuno Sasak: http://gdefik.blogspot.co.id/2012/10/kedatuan-di-gumi-sasak-1.html
– Sejarah kerajaan di Lombok: http://melayuonline.com/ind/history/dig/307/kerajaan-lombok
– Sejarah pulau Lombok di Wiki: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pulau_Lombok#Sejarah
Source entering Islam on Lombok (only indon. language)
– Masuk Islam di Lombok: http://fadlisworld.blogspot.co.id/2014/09/sejarah-masuknya-islam-di-lombok.html
– Masuk Islam di Lombok: http://situs9.blogspot.co.id/2014/08/masuk-dan-berkembangnya-agama-islam-di.html