Kingdom of Bangli / Bali

The kingdom of Bangli: 1453-1950. Located on the province of Bali.

Location of Bangli

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Location of the island of Bali


* Foto kingdom of Bangli: link
* Foto palace “Puri Agung Susut”: link

* Foto kings on Bali today: link
* Foto kings of Bali in the past: link
* Foto Bali in the past: link
* Foto old sites on Bali: link
* Foto puputan Denpasar, 1906: link
* Foto puputan Klungkung, 1908: link


About the king today (2020)

A.A. Ardanata is the “panglingsir” of Puri Bangli.
The leader of a palace (puri), is generally the leader of the puri kinship institution, and is usually referred to as Penglingsir or Pemucuk.

A.A. Ardanata, “panglingsir” of Puri Bangli.


History of the kingdom of Bangli, 1453-1950

1805: Bangli state re-founded.
1908: State ceded to Netherlands with ruler remaining as regent.
1929: Ruling line nominally restored.

At the time of the royal era, Bangli had a very important role, especially in the late 10th century and early 11th century. In the heyday of Bali there was King Udayana and the dynasty of Warmadewa.
Various inscriptions and important notes about the history of Bali were found in Bangli. Panulisan hill temple in northern kintamani penjalanan illustrates the history of Bali.

The Kingdom of Bangli is a kingdom established after the fall of Majapahit, after Dewa Agung Ketut, the ruler of Bali and Lombok divided his kingdom. Bangli was given a new status as a state or vassal kingdom under the direct government of the Gelgel Kingdom with the appointment of I Gusti Wija Pulada as Anglurah of Bangli on 14 March 1453 AD.
Bangli as a sovereign kingdom free from Gelgel power was in 1686, when there was a rebellion of I Gusti Agung Maruti in Gelgel. Puri Bangli as the center of the kingdom of Bangli was founded by I Dewa Gde Bencingah around the year 1576 AD, after I Gusti Peraupan was defeated by Tamanbali and Nyalian.

Kingdoms on Bali, 1900


The palace: Puri Agung Susut Bangli

Puri Agung Susut is located in the village of Susut, Bangli; there are still descendants of the Ksatria Taman Bali and descendents of Kawitan Maha Gotra Titra Harum.

* Foto palace Puri Agung Susut: link


List of kings

Version 1

* 1804: Dewa Gede Tangkeban I (dari Nyalian ?-1804)
* 1804-1815: Dewa Rahi
* 1815-1833: Dewa Gede Tangkeban II, child of Dewa Gede Tangkeban I
* 1833-1875: Dewa Gede Tangkeban III, child of Dewa Gede Tangkeban II
* 1875-1880: Dewa Gede Oka, child of Dewa Gede Tangkeban III
* 1881-1892: Dewa Gede Ngurah, brother of Dewa Gede Oka
* 1894-1911: Dewa Gede Cokorda, brother of Dewa Gede Ngurah
* 1913-1925: Regen, Dewa Gede Rai, brother of Dewa Gede Cokorda
* 1925-1930: Regen, Dewa Gede Taman, grand child of Dewa Gede Tangkaban III
* 1930-1931: Regen, Dewa Putu Bukian, grand child of Dewa Gede Tangkaban III
* 1931-1950: Anak Agung Ketut Ngurah (ruler, used the title Anak Agung, died 1961), child of Dewa Gede Cokorda.

Version 2

Rulers (title Anak Agung):
1805 – 1810 Dewa Rahi
1810 – 1815 Dewa Gede Tangkaban I
1815 – 1833 Dewa Gede Tangkaban II
1833 – 1875 Dewa Gede Putu Tangkaban III
1875 – 1880 Dewa Gede Tangkaban IV
1880 – …. Dewa Gede Tangkaban V
1961 – Anak Agung Made Rai Rama

Kingdoms on Bali, 1900

9 Kerajaan di Bali, sekitar tahun 1900.


Puri (palaces) on Bali

Puri on the island of Bali is the name for the residence of Balinese aristocrats, especially those who are still close relatives of Balinese kings. Based on the system of division of triwangsa or caste, the castle is occupied by aristocrats who are knights.

Puri on Bali are ruled by a descendant of the king, who is generally elected by the puri kinship institution. The leader of the puri, who is generally the leader of the puri kinship institution, is usually referred to as the Penglingsir or Pemucuk. The royal descendants can be identified by the titles in their names, for example Ida I Dewa Agung, I Gusti Ngurah Agung, Cokorda, Anak Agung Ngurah, Ratu Agung, Ratu Bagus and others for men; as well as Ida I Dewa Agung Wife, Dewa Ayu, Cokorda Wife, Anak Agung Wife, and others for women.


Pura (temples) on Bali

A pura is a Balinese Hindu temple and the place of worship for adherents of Balinese Hinduism in Indonesia. Pura’s are built in accordance with rules, style, guidance and rituals found in Balinese architecture. Most pura’s are found on the island of Bali, where Hinduism is the predominant religion; however many puras exist in other parts of Indonesia where significant numbers of Balinese people reside. Mother Temple of Besakih is the most important, largest and holiest temple in Bali.
– For more information: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Balinese_temple

Besakih Temple is a temple complex in the village of Besakih on the slopes of Mount Agung in eastern Bali. It is the most important, the largest and holiest temple of Hindu religion in Bali, and one of a series of Balinese temples.


Old maps of Bali

 Bali 16th century

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Bali  1750


Source

– History of Bali: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Bali
– History kingdoms on Bali: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bali_Kingdom

– Intervention of the Dutch, 1906: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dutch_intervention_in_Bali_(1906)
– Intervention of the Dutch in 1849: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dutch_intervention_in_Bali_(1849)
– Dutch intervention on Bali (general): https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dutch_intervention_in_Bali


 

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