The kingdom of Kolongan was located on the island of Sangihe, centered in Makiwulaeng (Kendahe/Talawide), Kab. Kepulauan Sangihe, provinsi Sulawesi Utara.
Location of the island of Sangihe
* Foto kingdoms on the island of Sangihe: link
History of the kingdom of Kolongan
In the Portuguese and Spanish colonies, the king of Kolongan Pontoralage, who was a friend of the king of Siau, Wuisang, had asked the priest Diego Magelhaes to come to Kolongan. The request could be fulfilled by Padri and accompanied by the Wuisang king to Sangihe in 1568.
Arrived at Kolongan the king was baptized and he married. Then the priest held a mass baptism for the bobato and residents on the river Akembawi on November 10, 1568.
Finally Kolongan empire disappeared, because abandoned by the population caused by:
a. Battle with the Portuguese
b. Family dispute in the kingdom
c. Removal of Awu mountain eruption, as the first eruption recorded in 1641 and later recorded in the journal Padtbruge 1677.
The Kolongan people fled to Tahuna including the hero Tatehe Woba, who founded the Tahuna kingdom in 1600.
A brief history of the kingdoms on the Sangihe Islands
Between 1000 and 1600 the Sangihe archipelago had 4 kingdoms (Kararatuang) which existed before the arrival of the Portuguese, Spanish and Dutch, namely:
1) Bowongtehu Kingdom,
2) Kingdom of Tamungan Lawo (Sangihe),
3) Mohonsohowang Kingdom,
4) Karangetang Kingdom (Siau).
Around 1670 nine kingdoms appeared in Sangihe, namely:
– Kendahe Kingdom,
– Kingdom of Taruna,
– Kingdom of Kolongan,
– Manganitu Kingdom,
– The Kingdom of Kauhis,
– The Kingdom of Limes,
– The Kingdom of the Tabs,
– Kingdom of Sawang (Saban) and
– Tamako Kingdom.
However, the last kingdom (Tamako) became part of Siau.
Meanwhile, the king of Limau was defeated by Padtbrugge’s troops. This kingdom was destroyed.
Sawang joined the Taruna Kingdom and the Kolongan Kingdom.
Kauhis joined Manganitu.
In 1898 the Kendahe Kingdom and the Taruna Kingdom were merged into one. In these two regions, in 1919, King Soleman Ponto ruled with his center in the present-day Kota Tahuna.
In the 1900s only six kingdoms emerged:
– The Kingdom of Tabukan,
– Kingdom of Manganitu,
– Kingdom of Siau,
– Kingdom of Kendahe and
– Kingdom of Tagulandang Kingdom, Talaud in 1922,
– Kingdom of Kandhar Taruna.
Source kingdoms on Sangihe (only indonesian language)
– Sejarah kerajaan di Sangihe: http://9soputan9.blogspot.co.id/2013/11/kerajaan-sangihe-talaud.html
– Sejarah kerajaan di Sangihe: http://dhevinadalinda.blogspot.co.id/2014/10/cerita-sejarah-raja-gumansalangi-raja.html
– Sejarah kerajaan di Sangihe: http://sangihekab.go.id/home/index.php?document_srl=855&mid=Sejarah
– Sejarah kerajaan di Sangihe: http://manado.tribunnews.com/2013/06/25/asal-usul-manado-siau-dan-sangihe-talaud
– Raja raja Sangihe Talaud: http://raja-rajasangihetalaud.blogspot.co.id/2016/08/800×600-normal-0-false-false-false-en.html
– Sejarah kerajaan-kerajaan di Sulawesi Utara: https://arkeologiriset.wordpress.com/2017/11/01/sejarah-sangihe-pilipina/
Old maps of the islands of Sangihe, Talaud dan Tagulandang
Islands Sangihe (Sangir), Talaud and Tagulandang, 1700.
Islands Sangir (Sangir) and Talaud, 1724
Islands Sangihe (Sangir), Talaud and Tagulandang, 1894