Kingdom of Kolongan / Isl. of Sangihe – Prov. Sulawesi Utara

The kingdom of Kolongan was located on the island of Sangihe, centered in Makiwulaeng (Kendahe/Talawide), Kab. Kepulauan Sangihe, provinsi Sulawesi Utara.
This kingdom ended in the 17th century.

Location of the island of Sangihe

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Location of Sangihe


Foto kingdoms on the island of Sangihe in the past: link


Video history Sangihe, Talaud, and Sitaro, 1295-2018: link


KINGDOM OF KOLONGAN

History of the kingdom of Kolongan

In the Portuguese and Spanish colonies, the king of Kolongan Pontoralage, who was a friend of the king of Siau, Wuisang, had asked the priest Diego Magelhaes to come to Kolongan. The request could be fulfilled by Padri and accompanied by the Wuisang king to Sangihe in 1568.
Arrived at Kolongan the king was baptized and he married. Then the priest held a mass baptism for the bobato and residents on the river Akembawi on November 10, 1568.
Finally Kolongan empire disappeared, because abandoned by the population caused by:
a. Battle with the Portuguese
b. Family dispute in the kingdom
c. Removal of Awu mountain eruption, as the first eruption recorded in 1641 and later recorded in the journal Padtbruge 1677.

The Kolongan people fled to Tahuna including the hero Tatehe Woba, who founded the Tahuna kingdom in 1600.


A brief history of the kingdoms on the Sangihe Islands

13th century: kingdom of Tampunganglawo.

After 1400 the Tampunganglawo kingdom was divided into 2 parts, namely the northern part named Sahabe (Lumango) and the southern part named Manuwo (Saluran).

After 1530 these two kingdoms were reunited again by King Makaampo (Makaampo Wawengehe) with his territory starting from Sahabe, Kuma, Kuluhe, Manalu, Channel to Lapango, and this kingdom was called Rimpulaeng with the center of government in Channel (Moade) and ended until 1575.

Then Tampunganglawo, 3 kingdoms emerged:
* The Tahuna (Malahasa) kingdom was centered in Tahuna (Bukide), with its King Ansaawuwo also known as Tatehe or Tatehewoba (1580-1625).
* The Manganese kingdom was centered in Kauhis, with its King Boo or also known as Liung Tolosang (1600-1630).
* The Kingdom of Kendahe was centered in Makiwulaeng, with its King Egaliwutang (1600-1640).

1670: Around the 1670s, apart from the Tagulandang kingdom and the previously existing Siau kingdom on the southern boundary (Siau Tagulandang Biaro Islands), in Sangihe there were nine kingdoms, namely:

kingdom of Kendahe,
kingdom of Taruna,
kingdom of Kolongan,
kingdom of Manganitu,
– kingdom of Kauhis,
kingdom of Limau,
kingdom of Tabukan,
– kingdom of Sawang (Saban)
– kingdom of Tamako.

1900: In the 1900s only three kingdoms remained on Sangihe, namely:
kingdom of Tabukan,
kingdom of Manganitu,
kingdom of Kendahe-Taruna.

Previous kingdoms disappeared because of a number of reasons.
The Tamako Kingdom became part of the Siau kingdom on the Siau Islands.
Meanwhile, the Limau kingdom was crushed by troops sent by the Dutch Governor in Maluku, Padtbrugge. This kingdom was ruined.
The Sawang Kingdom joined the Tahuna kingdom.
The Kauhis Kingdom joined the Manganitu kingdom.
In 1898 the kingdom of Kendahe and the kingdom of Taruna were united.


Source kingdoms on Sangihe (only indonesian language)

Sejarah kerajaan di Sangihe: http://9soputan9.blogspot.co.id/2013/11/kerajaan-sangihe-talaud.html
Sejarah kerajaan di Sangihe: http://dhevinadalinda.blogspot.co.id/2014/10/cerita-sejarah-raja-gumansalangi-raja.html
Sejarah kerajaan di Sangihe: http://sangihekab.go.id/home/index.php?document_srl=855&mid=Sejarah
Sejarah kerajaan di Sangihe: http://manado.tribunnews.com/2013/06/25/asal-usul-manado-siau-dan-sangihe-talaud
– Raja raja Sangihe Talaud: http://raja-rajasangihetalaud.blogspot.co.id/2016/08/800×600-normal-0-false-false-false-en.html
– Sejarah kerajaan-kerajaan di Sulawesi Utara: https://arkeologiriset.wordpress.com/2017/11/01/sejarah-sangihe-pilipina/


Old maps of the islands of Sangihe, Talaud dan Tagulandang

Islands Sangihe (Sangir), Talaud and Tagulandang, 1700.

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Islands Sangir (Sangir) and Talaud, 1724

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Islands Sangihe (Sangir), Talaud and Tagulandang, 1894


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