The principality of Paku Alaman was founded in 1813 and exists untill today. It is located in Yogyakarta on Jawa.
Present Adipati (2016): Kanjeng Gusti Pangeran Adipati Aryo Paku Alam X. Foto 2018
Kadipaten Pakualaman (also written Paku Alaman) is a small hereditary Kadipaten (Duchy) within the Sultanate of Yogyakarta. It was founded on March 17, 1813, when Prince Notokusumo, son of Sultan Hamengku Buwono I was installed by Governor–General Sir Thomas Raffles (Governor General of Great Britain, who ruled at that time) as Kangjeng Gusti Pangeran Adipati Paku Alam I.
It became the mirror-image of the Mangkunegaran principality in the territory of the Sultanate of Surakarta. It became the mirror-image of the Mangkunegaran principality in the territory of the Susuhunanate of Surakarta.
Due to Paku Alam VIII‘s role in the Indonesian independence movement, a law was passed to give the position of vice-governor of the Yogyakarta Special Region to the ruling Paku Alam prince at any particular time. Meanwhile, the Sultans of Yogyakarta were to hold the governor’s office hereditarily.
– Source: link
Map of New Mataram which had been broken into four kingdoms in 1830, after the Diponegoro War. On this map shows that Kasunanan Surakarta has many enclaves in the Sultanate of Yogyakarta and the Netherlands. Mangkunagaran also has an enclave in Yogyakarta. Later these enclaves are deleted.
List of Adipati
* 1813-1829: Paku Alam I
Pangeran Harya Natakusuma, Anak dari Hamengkubuwono I
* 1829-1858: Paku Alam II
Raden Tumenggung Natadiningrat, Anak dari Paku Alam I
* 1858-1864: Paku Alam III
Pangeran Harya Sasraningrat, Anak dari Paku Alam II
* 1864-1878: Paku Alam IV
Raden Mas Nataningrat, Anak dari Paku Alam III
* 1878-1900: Paku Alam V
Pangeran Harya Suryadilaga, Anak dari Paku Alam IV
* 1900-1902: Paku Alam VI
Pangeran Ario Notokusumo, Anak dari Paku Alam V
* 1902-1906: Dewan Perwalian Kadipaten Pakualaman
* nov. 2015 – ……: Paku Alam X: Kanjeng Gusti Pangeran Adipati Aryo
About the Palace – Puro Paku Alaman
The palace became the official residence of Prince Paku Alam in 1813 until 1950, when the State government of the Republic of Indonesia made Pakualaman (together the Sultanate of Yogyakarta) a special autonomous province-level region named Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta.
Graveyard Giri Gondo
– History Paku Alaman on Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pakualaman
– List of kings: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pakualaman
– About the Palace: http://www.iwantgoto.com/yogyakarta/yogyakarta-town/historical-tourism-yogyakarta-town/pura-pakualaman-the-existing-palace-in-the-middle-of-modernization-era/