The principality of Paku Alaman was founded in 1813 and exists untill today. It is located in Yogyakarta on Jawa.
Location of Yogyakarta
* Foto sultans and kings, today on Jawa: link
* Foto keratons (palaces) on Jawa: link
* Foto Batavia (Jakarta) in the past: link
* Foto Jawa in the past: link
* Attack of Batavia by Sultan Agung, 1628/1628: link
* Foto Diponegoro – war, 1825: link
* Foto old sites on Jawa: link
About the Adipati (prince) today (2020)
7 jan. 2016
Installation of Paku Alam X: Kanjeng Gusti Pangeran Adipati Aryo Paku Alam X.
21 nov. 2015
Paku Alam, Kanjeng Gusti Pangeran Adipati Aryo (KGPAA) Paku Alam IX died.
Present Adipati (2016): Kanjeng Gusti Pangeran Adipati Aryo Paku Alam X. Foto 2018
21 nov. 2015: Paku Alam, Kanjeng Gusti Pangeran Adipati Aryo (KGPAA) Paku Alam IX died
The emergence of the principality of Paku Alaman
After Sultan Agung I (ruled 1613 to 1645), the power and prestige of Sultanate of Mataram was declining due to a power struggle and conflict of succession within the royal family. The VOC (Dutch East India Company) exploited the power struggle to increase its control on Java, and manage to gain concessions of Mataram’s former colony in Priangan and Semarang. The Mataram seat in Plered near Kotagede collapsed after the Trunojoyo revolt in 1677.
Sunan Amral (Amangkurat II) relocated the palace to Kartasura. During the reign of Sunan Pakubuwono II, in 1742 Raden Mas Garendi (Sunan Kuning) led Chinese mercenaries and launched a revolt against the crown and also VOC. Raden Mas Garendi was the son of Prince Teposono and also the grandson of Amangkurat II. The rebels managed to take control of the Kartasura capital and ousted Pakubuwono II who fled and sought refuge in Ponorogo.
With the help of Adipati Cakraningrat IV the ruler of western Madura, Pakubuwono II regained the capital and cracked down on the rebellion. However the palace of Kartasura was destroyed and considered inauspicious since the bloodbath took place there.
Pakubuwono II decided to build a new palace and capital city in Sala (Solo) village. The transfer of the capital to Sala village is commemorated in chandrasengkala (chronogram) “Kombuling Pudya Kepyarsihing Nata” which corresponds to Wednesday 12 Sura 1670 Javanese year (17 February 1745).
Political turmoil was resolved during the Sunan Pakubuwana III era, after the Mataram Sultanate was divided into two. In 1755 on February 13, the Mataram region was divided into two, namely the Ngayogyakarta Sultanate and the Kasuhunan Surakarta Sultanate, the division of this area was stipulated in the Agreement of Giyanti (1755). Then in 1757 with Dutch intervention and based on the Salatiga agreement (1757), the Mataram sultanate was further divided into three parts, namely the Sultanate of Yogyakarta, Kasuhunan Surakarta and Mangkunegaran.
1813. Kadipaten Pakualaman, was established on March 17 1813, when Prince Notokusumo, son of Sri Sultan Hamengku Buwono I with his Concubine was crowned by Governor-General Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles (Governor General of British East Indies who ruled at that time) as Kangjeng Gusti Pangeran Adipati (abbreviated K. G. P. A.). The use of the later title Kangjeng Gusti Adipati Arya (K. G. P. A. A.) was only used by Paku Alam V. The status of this princely state was similar to that of the Mangkunegara in Surakarta.
So, since 1813 there are 2 sultanates and 2 principalities on middle Java and they exist until now:
– Sultanate of Yogyakarta,
– Sultanate of Surakarta,
– princely state of Mangkunegaran,
– princely state of Paku Alaman.
– Source: link
Jawa, 1700 – Sultanate of Mataram
Java, 1757 – Java afer the Agreement of Giyanti: Surakarta, Yogyakarta and Mangkunegaran
Java, 1830 – Surakarta, Yogyakarta, Mangkunegaran and Paku Alaman.
List of Adipati
* 1813-1829: Paku Alam I
Pangeran Harya Natakusuma, Anak dari Hamengkubuwono I
* 1829-1858: Paku Alam II
Raden Tumenggung Natadiningrat, Anak dari Paku Alam I
* 1858-1864: Paku Alam III
Pangeran Harya Sasraningrat, Anak dari Paku Alam II
* 1864-1878: Paku Alam IV
Raden Mas Nataningrat, Anak dari Paku Alam III
* 1878-1900: Paku Alam V
Pangeran Harya Suryadilaga, Anak dari Paku Alam IV
* 1900-1902: Paku Alam VI
Pangeran Ario Notokusumo, Anak dari Paku Alam V
* 1902-1906: Dewan Perwalian Kadipaten Pakualaman
* nov. 2015 – ……: Paku Alam X: Kanjeng Gusti Pangeran Adipati Aryo
About the Palace – Puro Paku Alaman
The palace became the official residence of Prince Paku Alam in 1813 until 1950, when the State government of the Republic of Indonesia made Pakualaman (together the Sultanate of Yogyakarta) a special autonomous province-level region named Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta.
Graveyard Giri Gondo
– History Paku Alaman on Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pakualaman
– List of kings: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pakualaman
– About the Palace: http://www.iwantgoto.com/yogyakarta/yogyakarta-town/historical-tourism-yogyakarta-town/pura-pakualaman-the-existing-palace-in-the-middle-of-modernization-era/