Kingdom of Landak – Kalimantan

Revival of the kingdom in 2000

24 jan. 2000: Revival of the kingdom of Landak, marked by the inauguration of the heir to the kingdom of Landak: Pangeran Ratu Drs. Gusti Suryansah.
The king died on 14 oktober 2016.

Oktober 2016: The son of former king Gusti Suryansah, Pangeran Ratu Setia Iswaramahayana Pangeran  Ratu Setia Ishmahayana Gusti Fiqri became his successor.


History

The kingdom of Ismahayana Landak is a kingdom, which is located in Kab. Landak, West Kalimantan. Landak kingdom was founded by the eldest son of Brawijaya, the first ruler (1294-1309 AD) of the great Hindu-Javanese kingdom Majapahit (1294-1478). The kingdom then had seven Hindu rulers, the last of which married a local woman, Putri Dara Hitam. Her son, Raden Ismahayana, ruled from 1472 until 1542. It was he who converted to Islam and became the first sultan of Landak under the new name Raden Abdul Kahar. His seat of governance was Mungguk, a later sultan moved to Bandong near Mungguk, and finally Pangeran Sanca Nata Kesuma had his palace built in Ngabang on the present site of Keraton Ismahayana.
The last sultan, Pangeran Raden Gusti Abdul Hamid, was killed by the Japanese and buried in Mandor. A caretaker then governed until the kingdom of Landak was abolished through Indonesia’s independence.
However, archaeological evidence in the form of building of the palace and royal attributes, we can still see up to now.  The book
Indoek Lontar Keradjaan Landak, written by Gusti Soeloeng Lelanang (king the 19th) in 1942 offers sufficient evidence to prove the long history of this kingdom. There are 2 phases in this history, which started in 1275: namely the Hindu period and the Islamic period, started in 1472 until today.

The history of the kingdom can be divided into four periods of two phases, namely:

Fase Hindu

  • 1292–1472: Kingdom Landak di Ningrat Batur

Fase Islam

  • 1472–1703: Kingdom Landak at Mungguk Ayu
  • 1703–1768: Kingdom Landak at Bandong
  • 1768–today: Kingdom Landak at Ngabang

 

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