Kingdom of Anakalang / Isl. of Sumba – Prov. Nusa Tenggara Timur

The kingdom of Anakalang is located on the island of Sumba, Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur.

Location island of Sumba


Locaation of Anakalang on Sumba

* Foto kingdom of Anakalang: link

* Video history kingdoms on Sumba and NTT, 40.000 BC – today: link

* Foto kings, today on Sumba: link
* Foto kings on Sumba in the past: link
* Foto old sites on Sumba: link


About the king (2018)

Chief dynasty of the kingdom of Anakalang: Drs Umbu Sappi Pateduk II.

History of the kingdom

The kingdom of Anakalang was founded by “Korte Verklaring” of the dutch government , on 23 dec. 1913.
Before Korte Verklaring” the Anakalang territory was ruled by Umbu Dangu Pasalang, who ruled 1892 -1897, and later was replaced by Umbu Ndongu Ubini Mesa. In 1913 Umbu Ngailu Dedi, who was the son of Umbu Ndongu Ubini Mesa succeeded his father to the throne. 1927 Umbu Ngailu Dedi died and was succeeded by his brother, Umbu Sappi Pateduk. Furthermore Umbu Sappi Pateduk was succeeded by his son UmbuRemu Samapaty, who later, after independence,  served as Bupati of Regional West Sumba during the two periods.

King of Anakalang with 2 sub-chiefs and the army

List of kings of Anakalang

1892 – 1897: Umbu Dangu Pasalang

1913: Korte Verklaring Pemerintah belanda

* ……. – 1913: Umbu Dongu Ubini Mesa [1st ruler](d. 1913)
* 1913 – 1927: Umbu Ngailu Dodi
* 1927 – 1953: Umbu Sapi Pateduku
* 1953 – 1962: Umbu Remu Samapati I
* diteruskan oleh adik iparnya Umbu Sulung Ibilona

– Source: link

King Umbu Sappy Pateduk of Anakalang, 1933. Source: donald tick, FB

The kingdoms on Sumba

Google translation

The people of Sumba generally have no kingdom in their traditional system of government. There are only villages led by a head of each village, customary rules that apply in each village. However, during Dutch colonial rule, to facilitate control, the Dutch began to establish relationships with village heads. They entered into a contract of cooperation, in which each traditional ruler who signed the contract (often called the Short Placard Contract or Korte Verklaring) was officially recognized and called the king and given stick as a sign of power. From here tokko (stick) became popular. There are two types of rods of gold-headed stick (tokko ndoko) given to the main king, and silver-headed stick (tokkoamaho kaka) for auxiliary king.

The king, who had the approval of the Dutch government had to recognize the sovereignty of the Dutch authorities and one of his important duties was to tax the Dutch interests. Thus their sovereignty has actually been under the control of other nations, but de facto the kings remain sovereign and highly respected by their people and through them the Dutch powers the entire community. At first there were the heads of the villages, who did not bow to and against the Dutch government, but because of the strong military strength they finally surrendered and submitted to the power of the Dutch.
– Source:

The kingdoms on Sumba are:
Kodi Bangedo: kingdom on south west Sumba
Kodi Bokol: kingdom on south west Sumba
Kodi: kingdom on south west Sumba
Laura: kingdom on south west Sumba
Waijewa: kingdom on south west Sumba
Lauli: kingdom on west Sumba
Wanokaka: kingdom on west Sumba
Gaura: kingdom on west Sumba
Laboya: kingdom on west Sumba
Anakalang, kingdom on central Sumba
Umbu Ratu Nggay: kingdom on central Sumba
Tapundung: kingdom on central Sumba
Mamboru: kingdom on central Sumba
Lawonda: kingdom on central Sumba
Lakoka: kingdom on central Sumba
Rende, Rendi: kingdom on east Sumba
Napu: kingdom on east Sumba
Menyili: kingdom on east Sumba
Melolo: kingdom on east Sumba
Karera: kingdom on east Sumba
Massu: kingdom on east Sumba
Massu Karera: kingdom on east Sumba
Lewa: kingdom on east Sumba
Waijelu: kingdom on east Sumba
Kambera: kingdom on east Sumba
Kanatang: kingdom on east Sumba
Kapunduk, kingdom on east Sumba
Pau, kingdom on east Sumba
Riung, kingdom on east Sumba
Umalulu, kingdom on east Sumba

Traditional domains on Sumba

Old maps of Sumba

For old maps of Sumba, click here

An anonymous map submitted by Arnold de Vlamingh van Oudtshoorn in 1656 double mapping Sumba Island as Nomba and Sandalenbos

Source (only indon. language)

– Kerajaan kerajaan di Sumba:
Sejarah kerajaan Sumba barat:
Sejarah Sumba:
– Sumba masa kolonial:
– Tentang pulau Sumba:
– Suku Sumba:
Suku Sumba:


Adi Umbu Sulung Dimu. Temp. king of Anakalang 1958-62

King of Anakalang with 2 sub-chiefs and the army

Umbu Sappi Pateduk, chieftain makatakeri / kabonduk dan king of Anakalang, 1927-1953.

Umbu Doungu Ubini Mesa (Mangu Mamuli) chieftain makatakeri / kabonduk and king of Anakalang, 1892-1913

King Umbu Remu Samapatty II of Anakalang.1958-1979

King of Anakalang

Megalitic tombs on Sumba

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