Timu, Kerajaan / Nusa Tenggara Timur – Savu

Kerajaan Timu terletak di pulau Sawu. Kab. Sabu Raijua, Prov. Nusa Tenggara Timur.

The Kingdom of Timu was a kingdom on the island of Savu. District of Sabu Raijua.

Klik foto untuk besar !

Provinsi NusaTenggara Timur

Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur

Pulau Savu

Pulau Savu


* Foto pulau (island) Sawu: link
*
Foto situs kuno / megalitik Sawu: link


Sejarah / History pulau Sawu

Pulau Savu juga dikenal sebagai Sabu atau Sawu. Warga di pulau itu sendiri menyebut pulau mereka Rai Hawu, yang berarti Tanah Hawu. Dan orang-orang Sabu menyebut diri Do Hawu. Nama resmi yang digunakan oleh pemerintah daerah adalah Sabu. Orang Sabu menjelaskan, bahwa nama pulau ini berasal dari nama Ga Hawu, nama salah satu dari nenek moyang mereka, yang dianggap datang ke pulau pertama. Kontak awal adalah dengan Belanda VOC pada tahun 1648. Referensi ke Sabu dari periode selalu menyangkut tentara Sabu, tentara bayaran atau budak. Pada 1674, awak sekoci Belanda dibantai di Timur Sabu, setelah kapal mereka kandas. Belanda merespon dengan membentuk aliansi dengan raja dari Seba, sehingga pasukan bisa dikirim untuk membalas. Namun, mereka gagal masuk benteng Hurati, di B’olou Desa Sabu Timur, seperti yang dikelilingi oleh tiga tembok pertahanan. Untuk menyelamatkan muka, kekuatan Belanda menerima pembayaran dalam bentuk budak, emas dan manik-manik.
———————
Sabu Island also known as Savu or Sawu. Residents on the island itself call their island Rai Hawu, which means Land of Hawu. And Sabu people call themselves Do Hawu. The official name used by local government is Sabu. Sabu people explains, that the island’s name is derived from the name of Ga Hawu, the name of one of their ancestors, who are considered came to the island first. Initial contact was with the Dutch Vereenigde Oost-Indische Companie in 1648. References to Savu from the period invariably concern Savunese soldiers, mercenaries or slaves. In 1674, the crew of a Dutch sloop were massacred in East Savu, after their vessel ran aground. The Dutch responded by forming an alliance with the raja of Seba, so troops could be sent in to retaliate. However, they failed to enter the fortress of Hurati, in B’olou Village of Eastern Savu, as it was ringed by three defensive walls. To save face, the Dutch force accepted payment in the form of slaves, gold and beads.


Daftar raja / List of kings Timu

* 1672-….: Talo
* 1676: Ama Rohi ….(Ama Rosi)
* 1696: Ludji ….
* 1710-1731: Rohi Rano (Rosi Rano) (until March 1731).
This Rohi Rano (Rosi Rano) ruled until March 1731 when two of his temukungs, Ama Rati ….. and Leba….. ?, rebelled, since he wished to hand over his throne to his daughter’s son Hili (Sili). Ama Rati thought he had the right to become Du Ae (King). The rebels were supported by Heb’a (Seba) and Liae but Hili (Sili) slipped away to Kupang on 11 March 1731. The Dutch intervened and succeeded to bring about a successful solution. Rohi Rano (Rosi Rano) declared that he was unable to rule any more, being quite old. Therefore his daughter’s son Hili (Sili) (born 1705) succeeded. Hili Hab’a ( Sili Sab’a) then governed from 1731 until his death in 1798, being succeeded by his son Elias J’ara Hili (Elias Dj’ara Sili) (1798-after 1805). In other words, he ruled an astonishing 67 years – must be something of a record in documented Indonesian history! During his reign he was known as the upper regent (hoofd-regent) of Savu. His son, Elias J’ara Hili (Elias Dj’ara Sili) who was alive 1798-1806.

* 1731-1798: Hili Hab’a (Sili Sab’a) (until his death in 1798).
* 1798-1805: Elias J’ara (Dj’ara) Hili (Sili) (after 1805).
* 1832: Rewa D’aga
* 1851-18..: (Ama Hili) Hab’a…..(Sili Sab’a) ruled before 1851-18 ??.
* 1858-186.: Ama Lai (Lay) D’aga…..
* Eduard Dj’ara Ludji.
* 1868: (Ama Piga) Dj’ara….. (until his death in 1911).

Royal dynasty then extinct in direct line. Then the Fettor-lineage began to rule.

* 1908: Saul Wé Tanja (Tanya) Ludji (Fettor of Dimu (Timu) from 1908/Fettor, ruler of Dimu (Timu) from 1911; Fettor of the Sawu-“federation” from 1918. Born ca.1890. Died:???)
* 1905: Tanja Ludji was temporary-Fettor (died 1908)
* Radja Tanja (chief dynasty; son).
* Ludji Wé Tanya; nephew (was known to be the last nominated fettor, but never once ruled). Died early 1990s. By the 1980s the fettors could no longer play their role and fettors’ decendants could no longer be nominated to rule as fettors and are thus now commoners.

Sumber: link (tidak ada lagi di internet)


Peta kuno

klik peta untuk besar

Nusantara, tahun 1493

Kepulauan Sunda Kecil, tahun 1725


Sumber / Source

– Sejarah: link (tidak ada lagi di internet)
Daftar Raja: link (tidak ada lagi di internet)

– Sejarah Kab. Savu Raijua: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kabupaten_Sabu_Raijua#Sejarah
– Suku Sabu (Savu): http://protomalayans.blogspot.co.id/2012/11/suku-sabu-nusa-tenggara-timur.html
– Sejarah Savu: http://savuraijuatourism.com/2/page/26/sejarah
– Sejarah Savu: http://nttonlinenow.com/home/89-cerita-ntt/3912-sejarah-sabu-raijua
– Sejarah Suku Savu: http://suku-dunia.blogspot.co.id/2015/01/sejarah-suku-sawu.html

English

– Savu royalty: link
Royals try to come back (2010): kerajaan indonesia


 

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