Kingdom of Gowa / Prov. Sulawesi Selatan, Kab. Gowa

The Sultanate of Gowa, 1300–1946, a kingdom of the Makasar People, is situated in the district Gowa. South Sulawesi.

Lokasi District of Gowa.


* Foto kingdom of Gowa: link
*
Foto palace Balla Lompoa: link
* Foto installation king of Gowa ke-37, 29 mei 2016: link


About the King

2 sept. 2014: I Kumala Idjo Daeng Sila Karaeng Lembang Parang, Selasa was appointed as king of Gowa 37th by Dewan Hadat Bate Salapang (DHBS)under leadership of, H Abd Razak Tate Dg Jarung and 8 members of the Dewan.

29 mei 2016: Installation of the king of Gowa 37th, I Maddusila Daeng Mannyonri Karaeng Katangka Sultan Alauddin II inMakassar.

10 juni 2018: King of Gowa ke-37, Andi Maddusila Patta Nyonri Karaeng Katangka Sultan Alauddin II, died in the hospital RS Bahagia Makassar (10/6/2018).

12 juni 2018: The new sultan of Gowa is YMM Sri Paduka Sombangta Andi Kumalaandi Idjo Daeng Serang KaraEnta Lembang Parang, the 38th sultan of Gowa.

12 juni 2018: the new sultan of Gowa


History of the kingdom of Gowa, 1300–1946

According to the epic poem The Nagarakretagama, in praise of King Rajasanagara of Majapahit, it lists Makassar as one of the kingdom’s tributaries in 1365.

The first queen of Gowa was Tomanurung Baine. During the ruling of the 6th king, Tonatangka Kopi, local sources have noted about the division of the kingdom into two new kingdoms led by two Kopi’s sons: Kingdom of Gowa led by Batara Gowa as its 7th king covering areas of Paccelekang, Pattalasang, Bontomanai Ilau, Bontomanai ‘Iraya, Tombolo and Mangasa while the other son, Karaeng Loe ri Sero, led a new kingdom called Tallo which includes areas of Saumata, Pannampu, Moncong Loe, and Parang Loe.

For years both kingdoms were involved in wars until the kingdom of Tallo was defeated. During the reign of King of Gowa X, I Manriwagau Daeng Bonto Karaeng Lakiung Tunipalangga Ulaweng (1512-1546), the two kingdoms were reunified to become twin kingdoms under a deal called Rua Kareng se’re ata (dual kings, single people in Makassarese) and enforced with a binding treaty. Since then, when someone becomes a king of Tallo, he also becomes the king of Gowa. Many historians then simply call these Gowa-Tallo twin kingdoms as Makassar or just Gowa.

Islamic Sultanate

The traces of Islam in South Sulawesi existed since the 1320s with the arrival of the first Sayyid in South Sulawesi, namely Sayyid Jamaluddin al-Akbar Al-Husaini, who is the grandfather of Wali Songo.

The conversion of the kingdom to Islam is dated as September 22, 1605 when the 14th king of Tallo-Gowa kingdom, Karaeng Matowaya Tumamenaga Ri Agamanna, converted to Islam, where later changed his name to Sultan Alauddin. He ruled the kingdom from 1591 to 1629. His conversion to Islam is associated with the arrival of three ulama from Minangkabau: Datuk Ri Bandang, Datuk ri Tiro and Datuk Patimang.

The most famous Sultan of the kingdom was Sultan Hasanuddin, who from 1666 to 1669 started a war known as Makassar War against the Dutch East India Company (VOC) which was assisted by the prince of Bone kingdom of Bugis dynasty, Arung Palakka.

– Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sultanate_of_Gowa
– List of Sultans: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sultanate_of_Gowa#Islamic_Sultanate

A geopolitical map of South Sulawesi around 1590, depicting the division of the peninsula between Gowa-Talloq and the Tellumpocco alliance

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Federation sultanates Gowa-Tallo 16th century

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Kingdom of Gowa end 19th century and begin 20th century

Luwu akhir abad ke-19 dan awal abad ke-20


List of Kings

1) 1300-an: Tumanurunga – Puteri Ratu
2) 1300-an: Tumassalangga Baraya
3) 1300-an: I Puang LoE Lembang
4) 1300-an: Tuniyatabanri
5) 1300-an: Karampang ri Gowa

6) 1300-an: Tunatangka’ Lopi
7) 1400-an: Batara Gowa Tumenanaga ri Parallakkenna
8) 1400-an: I Pakeretana Tunijallo ri Passukki
9) 1400-an: Tumaparisi’ Kallonna
10) 1546: I Manrimagau Daeng Bonto Karaeng Lakiung Tunipallangga Ulaweng

16) I Mallombasi Daeng Mattawang Karaeng Bontomangeppe Sultan Hasanuddin Tumenanga ri Balla’ Pangkana (Pahlawan Nasional) lahir 12-6-1631, wafat : 12-6-1670). English
17) 1669-1970:
a*:I Mallawakkang Daeng Mattinri Karaeng Kanjilo Tumenanga ri Passiringanna. Beliau hanya bertugas sebagai penjabat raja,
b*: 1669-1674: I Mappasomba Daeng Nguraga Sultan Amir Hamzah Tumenanga ri
Allu (lahir : 31-3-1656, wafat 7-5-1674)
18) I Mappaosong Daeng Mangewai Karaeng Bisei Tumenanga ri Jakarta
(lahir : 29-11-1654, wafat : 15-3-1681) 1611-1677.
19) 1677-1709: I Mappadulung Daeng Mattimung Karaeng Sanrobone Sultan Abdul Jalil
Tumenanga ri Lakiung (lahir : 18-8-1652, wafat : 1711)
20) 1709-1711: La Pareppa Tussappewali Sultan Ismail Tumenanga ri Somba Opu.

21) 1711-1713: I Mappurangi Sultan Sirajuddin Tumenanga ri Pasi.
22) 1713: I Manrabbia Sultan Najamuddin.
23) 1735 (scnd time): I Mappaurangi Sultan Sirajuddin, Tumenanga ri Pasi.
24) 1735-1742: I Mallawagau Sultan Abdul Kadir
25) 1742-1753: I Mappababasa Sultan Abdul Kudus

26)  Anas Madina Batara Gowa (diasingkan oleh Belanda ke Ceylon) (lahir 1747 dan wafat 1795).
27) 1767-1769: I Manlisu Jawa Daeng Ri Boko Arung Mampu Tumenanga ri Tompo Balang
28) 1770-1778: I Temmasongeng Karaeng Katangka Sultan Zainuddin Tumenanga ri Malloanging
29) 1778-1810: I Mannawari Karaeng Bontolangkasa/Karaeng Mangngasa Sultan Abdul Hadi wafat pada : 7-5-1810
30) 1816-1825: I Mappatunru/I Manginyarang Karaeng LembangparangTumenanga ri Katangka

31) 1825-1826: La Oddang Riu Karaeng Katangka Tumenanga ri Suangga
32) 1826-1844: I Kumala Karaeng Lembangparang Sultan Abdul Kadir Muhammad Aidid Tumenaga ri Kakuasanna (Dilantik th. 1844 dan wafat : 30-1-1893). Karena ketika dipilih masih berusia enam tahun, (artinya belum dewasa), sehingga dia diwakili oleh ayahnya, Karaeng Beroanging.
33) 1893: I Malingkaang Daeng Nyonri Karaeng Katangka Sultan Idris Tumenanga ri Kalabbiranna wafat: 18-5-1895.
34) 1895: I Makkulau Daeng Serang Karaeng Lembangparang Sultan Huzain, Tumenanga Ribunduna (wafat: Desember 1906 di Sidenreng).
35) I Mangimangi Daeng Matutu Karaeng Bontonompo Sultan Muhammad Tahir Muhimuddin Tumenanga ri Sungguminasa (wafat : 1946).
36) 1946-1960: Andi Ijo Daeng Mattawang Karaeng Lalolang Sultan Muhammad Abdul Kadir Aidid (Raja Gowa terakhir).

29 mei 2016: Penobatan Raja Gowa ke-37, I Maddusila Daeng Mannyonri Karaeng Katangka Sultan Alauddin I.

– Source: link

Palace: Balla Lompoa

This building was named Balla Lompoa which in Makassar means big house. Balla Lompoa is the palace of Gowa king, although it is not actually an original palace, since it was built in 1936 at the end of the Gowa royal period. Is king of Gowa to XXXV I Mangimangi Daeng Matutu Karaeng Bonto Nompo Sultan Muhammad Tahur Muhibuddin Tuminanga ri Sungguminasa who built the palace in the heart of Sungguminasa city, about 8 km south of Makassar city.

* Foto Balla Lompoa (Istana) kesultanan Gowa: link

Saoraja Tamalate - Kesultanan Gowa


Source (english)

History sultanate of Gowa: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sultanate_of_Gowa
– Early history of Gowa and Tallo: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Early_history_of_Gowa_and_Tallo
– History of Gowa and Tallo: http://blora-indonesia.blogspot.com/2011/12/history-of-kingdom-of-gowa-tallo.html

Source (only indon. language)

Sejarah kesultanan Gowa di Wiki: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kesultanan_Gowa
– Sejarah kesultanan Gowa di melayuonline: http://melayuonline.com/ind/history/dig/209/kerajaan-gowa
– Sejarah terbentuknya kerajaan Gowa: http://www.dzargon.com/2016/01/sejarah-lengkap-kerajaan-gowa-disertai.html

– Sejarah kesultanan Makasar di Wiki: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kesultanan_Makassar
– Sejarah kerajaan Tallo di Wiki: link

29 mei 2016: Penobatan Raja Gowa ke-37, I Maddusila Daeng Mannyonri Karaeng Katangka Sultan Alauddin II: http://www.kompasiana.com/mahajinoesa/penobatan-raja-gowa-ke-37-di-hotel-horison-makassar_574b3103319773e60ad96498
– 29 mei 2016: Penobatan Raja Gowa ke-37, I Maddusila Daeng Mannyonri Karaeng Katangka Sultan Alauddin II: http://www.tribunnews.com/regional/2016/05/29/penobatan-raja-gowa-dihadiri-raja-raja-nusantara
– 29 mei 2016: Penobatan Raja Gowa ke-37, I Maddusila Daeng Mannyonri Karaeng Katangka Sultan Alauddin II : http://kabarmakassar.com/antusias-netizen-dalam-penobatan-raja-gowa-ke-37/

– Istana kesultanan Gowa: http://jejakvicky.com/2012/04/27/hari-ke-4-istana-balla-lompoa/
Istana kesultanan Gowa: http://www.catatannobi.com/2013/10/mengunjungi-kompleks-kerajaan-gowa.html


 

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