Raijua, kerajaan / P. Sawu – Nusa Tenggara Timur

Kerajaan Raijua  terletak di pulau Sawu. Kab. Sabu Raijua, Prov. Nusa Tenggara Timur.

The kingdom of Raijua was a kingdom on the island of Savu. District of Sabu Raijua.

Klik foto untuk besar !

Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur

Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur

Pulau Savu

Pulau Savu


* Foto pulau (island) Sawu: link
*
Foto situs kuno / megalitik Sawu: link


Sejarah / History pulau Sawu

Pulau Savu juga dikenal sebagai Savu atau Sawu. Warga di pulau itu sendiri menyebut pulau mereka Rai Hawu, yang berarti Tanah Hawu. Dan orang-orang Sabu menyebut diri Do Hawu. Nama resmi yang digunakan oleh pemerintah daerah adalah Sabu. Orang Sabu menjelaskan, bahwa nama pulau ini berasal dari nama Ga Hawu, nama salah satu dari nenek moyang mereka, yang dianggap datang ke pulau pertama. Kontak awal adalah dengan Belanda VOC pada tahun 1648. Referensi ke Sabu dari periode selalu menyangkut tentara Sabu, tentara bayaran atau budak. Pada 1674, awak sekoci Belanda dibantai di Timur Sabu, setelah kapal mereka kandas. Belanda merespon dengan membentuk aliansi dengan raja dari Seba, sehingga pasukan bisa dikirim untuk membalas. Namun, mereka gagal masuk benteng Hurati, di B’olou Desa Sabu Timur, seperti yang dikelilingi oleh tiga tembok pertahanan. Untuk menyelamatkan muka, kekuatan Belanda menerima pembayaran dalam bentuk budak, emas dan manik-manik.

Pada akhir abad ke-19, Rai Jua adalah rumah bagi 25 suku; termasuk Oedjoe D’ima, Kolo Hab’a, Lede Talo, Koro (Koroh), untuk beberapa nama. Belanda disebut pulau Randjoea dan juga Bendjoar. Pada waktu itu memiliki 1.300 penduduk, di antaranya banyak yang Kristen.

Sumber: link
————————–

Sabu Island also known as Savu or Sawu. Residents on the island itself call their island Rai Hawu, which means Land of Hawu. And Sabu people call themselves Do Hawu. The official name used by local government is Sabu. Sabu people explains, that the island’s name is derived from the name of Ga Hawu, the name of one of their ancestors, who are considered came to the island first. Initial contact was with the Dutch Vereenigde Oost-Indische Companie in 1648. References to Savu from the period invariably concern Savunese soldiers, mercenaries or slaves. In 1674, the crew of a Dutch sloop were massacred in East Savu, after their vessel ran aground. The Dutch responded by forming an alliance with the raja of Seba, so troops could be sent in to retaliate. However, they failed to enter the fortress of Hurati, in B’olou Village of Eastern Savu, as it was ringed by three defensive walls. To save face, the Dutch force accepted payment in the form of slaves, gold and beads.

At the end of the 19th century, Rai Jua was home to 25 tribes; including Oedjoe D’ima, Kolo Hab’a, Lede Talo, Koro (Koroh), to name a few. The Dutch called the island Randjoea and also Bendjoar. At that time it had 1.300 inhabitants, among which many were Christians.


Daftar raja / List of kings Raijua

1) Lomi Tulu (died 1794).
2) Raja Tulu (brother 1794 – ?) There is also mention of a J’ara Lay in this same year (1794), so perhaps the two brothers were actually Fettors/vice-rulers.
3) B’aku Ruha was the first King recognized by the Dutch.
4) (Ama Mehe) Tarie….. (Messe Tari) (1830-1868).
5) (Ama Loni) Kudji…..(1868-death 7/4/1915).
6) (Ama Med’a) Lay….. (son; 1915-19 the first Christian King, taking after baptism the extra name of Paulus, born 1865; until 16/6/1918 last independent King).
7) Pia Lay (died 1954).
8) Jeremias Huru (Heremia Huru; installed 1956; when rule of Savu-area became more together, he became also gov. fettor; 2nd one; born ca. 1901; died 18/4/1990; his son is Ama Kudji, if he is King now is not known).
9) Herminus Radja Kudji (first Gov/Fettor; probably not of royal lineage.
10) Bu Weler was a principality ruler; but probably not of royal lineage; f.i. in 1986; because Rai Jua was not easy to reach, was made seperate sub-district) (cq) traditional ruler. “Bu” is used to address an adult (male) as in “Your Excelency”.
11) In 1905-1907, Radja…(Ama Dj’aga) was Fettor, or vice-Regal of Rai Jua. His contract with the Dutch was recognized 3/6/1885. Supposedly that the Fettors of Savu also had to sign a contract, so that their status could be confirmed by the Dutch.
12) Lay Nj’eb’e (Nyeb’e) (mentioned in 1767).

Sumber Source: link (tidak ada lagi di internet)


Peta kuno

klik peta untuk besar

Nusantara, tahun 1493

Kepulauan Sunda Kecil, tahun 1725


Sumber

– Sejarah Raijua: link
Daftar raja: link

– Sejarah Kab. Savu Raijua: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kabupaten_Sabu_Raijua#Sejarah
– Suku Sabu (Savu): http://protomalayans.blogspot.co.id/2012/11/suku-sabu-nusa-tenggara-timur.html
– Sejarah Savu: http://savuraijuatourism.com/2/page/26/sejarah
– Sejarah Savu: http://nttonlinenow.com/home/89-cerita-ntt/3912-sejarah-sabu-raijua
– Sejarah Suku Savu: http://suku-dunia.blogspot.co.id/2015/01/sejarah-suku-sawu.html

English

– Savu royalty: link
Royals try to come back (2010): kerajaan indonesia


Foto foto

Kiri: Raja Hernimus Riwu dari Liae, dan kanan raja dari Sabu Raijua.

Istana Teni Hawu adalah istana yang ada di pulau Sabu, di Raijua.

Istana Teni Hawu adalah istana yang ada di pulau Sabu, di Raijua. wisata-kota-malang.blogspot.com/2013/04/istana-teni-hawu-…” target=”_blank”>Link

Raijua - Rumah Adat Boko

Raijua – Rumah Adat Boko

Pintu masuk kerajaan Raijua

Pintu masuk kerajaan Raijua


 

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