Kingdom of Matan Tanjungpura / Prov. Kalimantan Barat

Kingdom of Matan Tanjungpura: 14th century – 1950. Located in the District of Kayong Utara, Province of  West Kalimantan.

District of Kayong Utara

Province of West Kalimantan 


* Foto kingdom of Matan Tanjung Pura: link
* Foto palace Muliakerta: link 
*
Video installation king of Tanjungpura – 2009: link


Revival of the kingdom, 2009

Title of the king: Pangeran Ratu.

19 dec. 2009: Installation of the counsil of kings of the kingdom:
* Ir H Gusti Kamboja MH, titled: Pangeran Ratu Kertanegara, chairman.
* Gusti Fadlin S Sos, titled:
Pangeran Anom Laksamana,
* H Uti Iwan Kusnadi BA, titled:
Pangeran Adipati.

Gusti Kamboja, chairman of the counsil of kings of the kingdom Matan


History of the kingdom of Matan Tanjungpura

I Line of history:

* Kerajaan Tanjung pura: 1454 – 1504
* Kerajaan Sukadana: 1504 – 1665
* Kerajaan Matan: 1665 – 1819
* Kerajaan Simpang Matan: 1819 – sekarang
* Kerajaan Kayong  Matan (Tanjugpura II): sekarang

II  The history of the Sulnatane of Matan can be divided into two periods, Hindu period and the periode of Islam.

1) Hindu Periode
At the time of King Brawijaya reigned in Majapahit, the crown prince of Majapahit, Prabu Jaya, was exiled by his brothers to Kandang Kerbau in Matan. The crown prince was then married a Dayak princess, Dayang Putung, and build a kingdom in Kuala Kandang Kerbau. They had three sons:
  1. Pangeran Prabu, titled Raja Baparung, the founder of the Sultanate of Sukadana (circa 1400 AD)
  2. Gusti Likar, enthroned at Meliau
  3. Prince Mancar, enthroned at the Sultanate of Tayan
After Raja Baparung died, his son, karang Tunjung, was enthroned in 1431. The life pattern of this sultanate at that time is agriculture and the sultanate was known as the Sultanate of Tanjungpura. In 1501, King Karang Tunjung died and was succeeded by his son, Panembahan Kalahrang. In the reign of this king, the Sutanate of Matan widened its territory so that it consisted of Tanjung Datuk, Tanjung Putting, Sintang, and Karimata, and had even made a trade relation with Majapahit.
In 1502, Panembahan Bandala was on the throne and the people’s life pattern had changed into maritime pattern. His successor was Sibiring Mambal, titled Pangeran Dibarok, because the crown prince, Giri Kesuma, was at that time still under age. Pangeran Dibarok ruled between 1538 – 1550 AD.
2) Islamic period
In 1550, at the time of Pangeran Giri Kesuma, who was the husband of Ratu Mas Jintan, the princess of the Sultanate of Landak, Islam was spreading across the Sultanate of Matan. The missionary was Syeh Husein. Pangeran Giri Kesuma then gave a title to the son of syhe Husein, Syarif Hasan, as Sultan Aliuddin. After Pangeran Giri Kesuma died, Ratu Mas Jintan was enthroned as a female queen titled Ratu Sukadana (Queen Sukadana).
The Dutch came to Sukadana in 1604 and fought a war with Queen Sukadana until the queen was replaced by another Queen, Panembahan Air Mala. In this periode also Adipati Kendal with his Mataram Expedition, attacked Matan (1622). Panembahan Air Mala was replaced by Sultan Aliuddin who also known as Sultan Muhammad Syarifuddin. Sultan Aliudin was the ancestor of the kings whom ruled the Sultanate of Matan-Tanjungpura afterward, namely:
  1. Sultan Zainuddin (1830-1846)
  2. Pangeran Mangkurat/Sultan Dirilaga (1846-1855)
  3. Sultan Zainuddin II/Iradilaga
  4. Pangeran Jaya Anom (1833-1845)
  5. Haji Mohammad Sabran (1876)
  6. Gusti Busrah
  7. Pangeran Saunan (1924-1943)

Kingdoms on West Kalimantan


List of kings

The following genealogy was presented, based on the book Sekilas Menapak Langkah Kerajaan Tanjungpura (2007), edited by Drs. H. Gusti Mhd. Mulia:

Kingdom of Tanjungpura

* 1454-1472: Brawijaya
* 1472-1487: Bapurung
* 1487-1504: Panembahan Karang Tanjung

During the reign of Panembahan Karang Tanjung, the center of the Tanjungpura kingdom, which was originally located in Negeri Baru, moved to Sukadana, thus the name was changed to the kingdom of Sukadana

Kingdom of Sukadana

During the reign of Panembahan Karang Tanjung, the center of the Tanjungpura kingdom, which was originally located in Negeri Baru, moved to Sukadana, thus the name was changed to the kingdom of Sukadana

* 1487-1504: Panembahan Karang Tanjung
* 1504-1518: Gusti Syamsudin or Pundong Asap or Panembahan Sang Ratu Agung
* 1518-1533: Gusti Abdul Wahab or Panembahan Bendala
* 1526-1533: Panembahan Pangeran Anom
* 1533-1590: Panembahan Baroh
* 1590-1604:Gusti Aliuddin or Giri Kesuma or Panembahan Sorgi
* 1604?-1622: Ratu Mas Jaintan
* 1622-1665: Gusti Kesuma Matan or Giri Mustika or Sultan Muhammad Syaifuddin/Raden Saradipa/Saradewa; Assistent of Ratu Bagawan from Kotawaringin.

This is the last king of the Kingdom Sukadana, and the first king of the Kingdom of Tanjungpura with the title of Sultan.

Kesultanan Matan

* 1665-1724: Gusti Jakar Kencana or Sultan Muhammad Zainuddin
* 1724-1738: Gusti Kesuma Bandan or Sultan Muhammad Muazzuddin
* 1738-1749: Gusti Bendung atau Pangeran Ratu Agung or Sultan Muhammad Tajuddin
* 1749-1762: Gusti Kencuran or Sultan Ahmad Kamaluddin
* 1762-1819: Gusti Asma or Sultan Muhammad Jamaluddin

Gusti Asma was the last king of the Kingdom of Matan and during his reign, the central government was transferred to Simpang, and the name was changed into the kingdom of Simpang or SimpangMatan.

Kerajaan (penambahan) Simpang-Matan

* 1762-1819: Gusti Asma or Sultan Muhammad Jamaluddin. Child of Sultan Ahmad Kamaluddin,
* 1819-1845: Gusti Mahmud or Panembahan Anom Suryaningrat. Assistent Sultan Ahmad Kamaluddin,
* 1845-1889: Gusti Muhammad Roem or Panembahan Anom Kesumaningrat. Child of Panembahan Anom Suryaningrat,
* 1889-1920: Gusti Panji or Panembahan Suryaningrat
* 1912-1942: Gusti Roem or Panembahan Gusti Roem
* 1942-1943: Gusti Mesir or Panembahan Gusti Mesir
* 1945: Gusti Ibrahim (1945)

Gusti Mesir was captured by Japanese army in 1942, because that’s the vacancy occurs in the reign of the kingdom of Simpang. At the end of the Japanese occupation of Indonesia, in 1945, Gusti Ibrahim, son of Gusti Mesir was appointed as king. However, because he was just 14 years old, the government was led by the royal family, namely Gusti Mahmud or Mangkubumi, who led the Kingdom of Simpang until his death in 1952.

Kerajaan Kayong-Matan atau Kerajaan Tanjungpura II

* 1590-1608: Giri Kusuma; Child of Panembahan Bandala
* 1608-1622: Ratu Sukadana Child of Putri Bunku/Ratu Mas Jaintan; Wife of Giri Kusuma/Child of Ratu Prabu Landak
* 1622-1630: Panembahan Ayer Mala; Child of Panembahan Bandala
* 1630-1659: Sultan Muhammad Syafeiudin, Giri Mustaka, Panembahan Meliau or Pangeran Iranata/Cakra; Child/Assistent Giri Kusuma
* 1659-1725: Sultan Muhammad Zainuddin/Pangeran Muda; Child of Sultan Muhammad Syaeiuddin
* 1710-1711: Pangeran Agung; Perebutan kekuasaan

Power sharing, ruling kingdom in di Tanah Merah:
* 1725-1730: Pangeran Agung Martadipura; child of Sultan Muhammad Zainuddin, ruling kingdom in Tanah Merah
* 1728-1749: Pangeran Mangkurat/Sultan Aliuddin Dinlaga; child of Sultan Muhammad Zainuddin, ruling in Sandai and Tanah Merah

Power sharing, kingdom of Simpang
* 1735-1740: Pangeran Ratu Agung; child of Sultan Muhammad Zainuddin, ruling kingdom in Simpang
* 1749-1762: Sultan Muazzidin Girilaya; child of Pangeran Ratu Agung, ruling kingdom in Simpang
* 1762-1792: Sultan Akhmad Kamaluddin/Panembahan Tiang Tiga; child of Sultan Aliuddin Dinlaga
* 1792-1830: Sultan Muhammad Jamaluddin, before: Pangeran Ratu, sebelumnya: Gusti Arma; child of Sultan Akhmad Kalamuddin
* 1831-1843: Pangeran Adi Mangkurat Iradilaga or Panembahan Anom Kusuma Negara; child of Pangeran Mangkurat
* 1843-1845: Pangeran Cakra yang Tua or Pangeran Jaya Anom; as prime minister, child of Pangeran Mangkurat
* 1845-1908: Panembahan Gusti Muhammad Sabran; child of Panembahan Anom Kusuma Negara
* 1908-1924: Pangeran Laksamana Uti Muchsin; child of Panembahan Gusti Muhammad Sabran
* 1924-1943: Panembahan Gusti Muhammad Saunan or Pangeran Mas; child of Gusti Muhammad Busra
* 1943-1948: Majelis Pemerintah Kerajaan Matan, terdiri dari Uti Halil (Pg. Mangku Negara), Uti Apilah (Pg. Adipati), Gusti Kencana (Pg. Anom Laksamana)
* 2009-sekarang: Counsil of kings of Matan chairman Pangeran Ratu Kertanegara Ir. H. Gusti Kamboja, MH; members Pangeran Laksamana Anom Gst Fadlin, S.Sos and Pangeran Adipati Uti Iwan Kusnadi.

– Source: Wiki


Palace of the kingdom: Istana Muliakarta

The Palace of Muliakarta was first built by the Prime Minister who held the title of Haji Muhammad Sabran, the 14th Sultan of the sultanate. The palace experienced a massive overhaul in the era of the reign of the sultan-16, namely Gusti Muhammad Saunan. He replaced the palace architecture with European architectural style because he had studied in the Netherlands and lived long enough in the land of the windmill.

* Foto palace Muliakerta: link 


Source (only indon. language)

Sejarah kerajaan Tanjungpura di Wiki: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kerajaan_Tanjungpura
Sejarah kerajaan Tanjungpura: http://infopontianak.org/sejarah-singkat-kerajaan-tanjungpura-kerajaan-tertua-di-kalbar-abad-14/
Sejarah kerajaan Tanjungpura: https://www.facebook.com/notes/ariansyah-barbar/sejarah-tanjungpura-sukadana-biarlah-situsnye-hilang-tapi-jangan-sampai-kita-lup/306324482885547/
Sejarah kerajaan Tanjungpura: http://www.bimbie.com/sejarah-kerajaan-tanjungpura.htm
Sejarah di blog Tanjungpura: http://keratonmatan.blogspot.co.id/2010/03/silsilah.html
Istana Muliakarta Tanjungpura: link
Istana Muliakarta Tanjungpura: link

– Daftar Raja di blog Tanjungpura: link
Daftar Raja Tanjungpuradi Wiki: link
Penobatan majelis raja (2009): link

Website

Website kingdom of Tanjungpura: http://keratonmatan.blogspot.co.id/


 

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