The kingdom of Kediri, or Kadiri or Panjalu: 1045 – 1221. Located on central Jawa.
November 1042, Airlangga, the king of Kahuripan, divided his kingdom because his two sons competed for the throne. The son named Sri Samarawijaya received a western kingdom named Kediri (Panjalu).
The kingdom of Kediri (Panjalu) collapsed in 1222 and became subordinate to the Singhasari kingdom.
Prov. Central Jawa
* Foto sultans and kings, today on Jawa: link
* Foto keratons (palaces) on Jawa: link
* Foto Batavia (Jakarta) in the past: link
* Foto Jawa in the past: link
* Attack of Batavia by Sultan Agung, 1628/1628: link
* Foto Diponegoro – war, 1825: link
* Foto old sites on Jawa: link
History of the kingdom of Kediri
The Kingdom of Kediri is the successor of Airlangga‘s Kahuripan kingdom, and thought as the continuation of Isyana Dynasty in Java. In 1045, King Airlangga divided his kingdom of Kahuripan into two parts, one son, Mapanji Garasakan got Janggala and the other son, Sri Samarawijaya, got Panjalu (Kediri), and abdicated in favour of his sons to live as an ascetic.
Kediri or Kadiri (also known as Panjalu) was a Hindu Javanese Kingdom based in East Java from 1042 to around 1222. Despite the lack of archaeological remains, the age of Kediri saw much development in classical literature. Mpu Sedah’s Kakawin Bharatayuddha, Mpu Panuluh’s Gatotkacasraya, and Mpu Dharmaja’s Smaradhana blossomed in this era.
Fall of the kingdom
The Kingdom of Panjalu-Kadiri collapsed during the reign of Kertajaya, as is narrated in Pararaton and Nagarakretagama.
In 1222 Kertajaya was at loggerheads against the brahmans, who then sought the protection of Ken Arok Iwu Tumapel. Ken Arok also wanted to free Tumapel which was a subordinate of Kadiri.
The war between Kadiri and Tumapel occurred near the village of Ganter. Ken Arok’s troops succeeded in destroying Kertajaya’s army. Thus ended the period of Kadiri Kingdom, which has since then became subordinate to Tumapel or Singhasari.
– Source: Wiki
Kingdom of Janggala and Panjalu (Kediri), later united into Kediri Kingdom
List of Rulers
1. Raja Sri Jayawarsa
2. 1117: Raja Bameswara
3. 1135-1157: Raja Jayabaya
4. 1159 / 1161: Raja Sri Saweswara (old inscription Padelegan II (1159) Kahyunan (1161))
5. 1171: Raja Sri Aryeswara (old inscription Angin
6. Raja Sri Gandra
7. 1182: Raja Sri Kameswara (old inscription Ceker and Kakawin Smaradahana)
8. 1190-1222: Raja Sri Kertajaya (old inscription Galunggung (1194), Prasasti Kamulan (1194), prasasti Palah (1197), prasasti Wates Kulon (1205), Nagarakretagama, dan Pararaton.)
Kertajaya was the last king of the kingdom of Kediri. King Kertajaya is also known as Dandang Gendis. During his reign, the stability of the empire declined. Because of this, King Kertajaya wanted to reduce the rights of the Brahmans. This situation was opposed by the Brahmans. The position of the Brahmans in Kediri kingdom became increasingly unsafe.
Remains of the kingdom of Kediri
Candi Penataran; This temple was built around the 12th to 14th century during the reign of King Srengga to King Wikramawardhana.
Sorabhana Temple is a historical heritage site of the Kediri Kingdom which is located in Canggu Village, Pare District, Kediri Regency.
Candi Mirigambar; This temple was built in 1214 to 1310 Saka with materials made of red brick as is the case with other temples in the East Java region.
– History of Kediri: Wiki
– History of Kediri: http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Kediri_(historical_kingdom)
– History of Kediri: http://www.eastjava.com/tourism/kediri/history.html