The kingdom of Kediri, or Kadiri or Panjalu: 1045 – 1221. Located on central Jawa.
History of the kingdom
The Kingdom of Kediri is the successor of Airlangga‘s Kahuripan kingdom, and thought as the continuation of Isyana Dynasty in Java. In 1045, King Airlangga divided his kingdom of Kahuripan into two parts, one son, Mapanji Garasakan got Janggala and the other son, Sri Samarawijaya, got Panjalu (Kediri), and abdicated in favour of his sons to live as an ascetic.
Kediri or Kadiri (also known as Panjalu) was a Hindu Javanese Kingdom based in East Java from 1042 to around 1222. Despite the lack of archaeological remains, the age of Kediri saw much development in classical literature. Mpu Sedah’s Kakawin Bharatayuddha, Mpu Panuluh’s Gatotkacasraya, and Mpu Dharmaja’s Smaradhana blossomed in this era.
Fall of the kingdom
The Kingdom of Panjalu-Kadiri collapsed during the reign of Kertajaya, as is narrated in Pararaton and Nagarakretagama.
In 1222 Kertajaya was at loggerheads against the brahmans, who then sought the protection of Ken Arok Iwu Tumapel. Ken Arok also wanted to free Tumapel which was a subordinate of Kadiri.
The war between Kadiri and Tumapel occurred near the village of Ganter. Ken Arok’s troops succeeded in destroying Kertajaya’s army. Thus ended the period of Kadiri Kingdom, which has since then became subordinate to Tumapel or Singhasari.
– Source: Wiki
Kingdom of Janggala and Panjalu (Kediri), later united into Kediri Kingdom
List of Rulers
1. Raja Sri Jayawarsa
2. 1117: Raja Bameswara
3. 1135-1157: Raja Jayabaya
4. 1159 / 1161: Raja Sri Saweswara (old inscription Padelegan II (1159) Kahyunan (1161))
5. 1171: Raja Sri Aryeswara (old inscription Angin
6. Raja Sri Gandra
7. 1182: Raja Sri Kameswara (old inscription Ceker and Kakawin Smaradahana)
8. 1190-1222: Raja Sri Kertajaya (old inscription Galunggung (1194), Prasasti Kamulan (1194), prasasti Palah (1197), prasasti Wates Kulon (1205), Nagarakretagama, dan Pararaton.)
Kertajaya was the last king of the kingdom of Kediri. King Kertajaya is also known as Dandang Gendis. During his reign, the stability of the empire declined. Because of this, King Kertajaya wanted to reduce the rights of the Brahmans. This situation was opposed by the Brahmans. The position of the Brahmans in Kediri kingdom became increasingly unsafe.
Old maps Jawa
For old maps of Java (1598, 1612, 1614, 1650, 1660, 1800-an, abad ke-18, 1840) klik di sini
– History of Kediri: Wiki
– History of Kediri: http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Kediri_(historical_kingdom)
– History of Kediri: http://www.eastjava.com/tourism/kediri/history.html
Source (only indon. language)
– Sejarah kerajaan Kediri: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kerajaan_Kadiri
– Sejarah kerajaan Kediri: http://sejarahbudayanusantara.weebly.com/kerajaan-kediri.html
– Sejarah kerajaan Kediri: http://www.portalsejarah.com/sejarah-kerajaan-kediri.html
– Daftar Raja: https://indriblb.wordpress.com/2013/06/26/raja-raja-di-kerajaan-kediri/comment-page-1/