Kingdom of Bangkalan / Isl. of Madura

The kingdom of Bangkalan: 1531 – 1882. The kingdom was located on west Madura island, district of Bangkalan.

Location island of Madura

Madura

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Location of District Bangkalan


* Foto kingdom of Bangkalan: link
* Foto remains palace (keraton) of Bangkalan: link

* Foto kings and rulers on Madura: link
* Foto of the Madura People: link


About the king today (2018)

Sultan today (2018): Sultan Munier Tjakraningrat, his mother was the only full royal blooded child of Susuhunan Paku Buwono X of Surakarta.


History kingdom of Bangkalan

Bangkalan is a kingdom after the Hindu-Buddhist periode and before the independence. Several kings once led the Bangkalan from the early 16th century to the late 19th century. In history, there were 3 forms of governmental systems, namely kingdom, sultanate, and panembahan (prince).

The existence of the Bangkalan region cannot be separated from the long history of the West Madura Kingdom. The Kingdom of West Madura appeared for the first time in 1531 with the center of government in the Arosbaya Palace, Bangkalan. The first king was Panembahan Lemah Duwur who ruled until 1592.

The territory of this kingdom includes the Bangkalan and Sampang areas. In 1624, the center of government moved to Keraton Madeggan Sampang with Raja Pangeran Tjakraningrat I (1624-1648) and was subsequently replaced by Panembahan Tjakraningrat II (1648-1707).

In the 19th century the title Sultan was given by the Colonial Government to the King of Sumenep in 1825, King of Pamekasan in 1830, and King of Bangkalan was given in 1847 the title of Panembahan.

In 1885, the Dutch intervened in the kingdom. The Government of the Kingdom of West Madura was then abolished based on the Besluit Goeverneur General Nederland Indie No. 2 / c dated 22 August 1885, since then the Kingdom of West Maduran has been divided into two regencies, namely Bangkalan and Sampang. However, in the next period the Tjakradiningrat lineage still led Bangkalan by becoming Regent.

Bangkalan was liquidated by the dutch in 1882.
– Source: link


List of kings

NB: Panembahan is a prince.

Panembahan
* 1531 – 1592: Kiai Pratanu (Panembahan Lemah Duwur)
* 1592 – 1620 : Raden Koro (Pangeran Tengah)
* 1621 – 1624 : Pangeran Mas
* 1624 – 1648 : Pangeran Cakra Adiningrat I (Raden Praseno)
* 1648 – 1707 : Pangeran Cakra Adiningrat II (Raden Undakan)
* 1707 – 1718 : Pangeran Cakra Adiningrat III (Raden Tumenggung Suroadiningrat)
* 1718 – 1745 : Pangeran Cakra Adiningrat IV (Pangeran Sidingkap)

Panembahan:
* 1745-1770: CakraAdiningrat V
* 1770-1780: Cakra Adiningrat VI
* 1779-1808: Cakra Adiningrat VII
.
Sultan:
* 1808-1815: Cakra Adiningrat VII
* 1815-1847: Cakra Adiningrat VIII
.
Panembahan:
* 1847-1862: Cakra Adiningrat IX
* 1862-1882: Cakra Adiningrat X

Source 1: http://www.hubert-herald.nl/IndoMadura.htm
– Source 2: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_monarchs_of_Java#Rulers_of_Bangkalan.5B32.5D


Palace: Keraton Bangkalan

The (ruins) of the old Kraton (palace) of Bangkalan is owned by a private person.
* Foto remains old palace of Bangkalan: link
* Video remains old palace of Bangkalan: link


History of the kingdoms on Madura

The history of Madura begins with Arya Wiraraja’s journey as the first Duke of Madura in the 13th century. In the Nagarakertagama book, especially in the 15th song, says that Madura Island was originally united with the land of Java, this shows that in the 1365s the Madurese and Javanese were part of the community. the same culture.

Around the year 900-1500, the island was under the influence of the Hindu kingdoms of East Java such as Kediri, Singhasari and Majapahit. Between 1500 and 1624, Madurese rulers to some extent depended on Islamic kingdoms on the north coast of Java such as Demak, Gresik and Surabaya. In 1624, Madura was conquered by Mataram.

In 1624, Sultan Agung of Mataram conquered Madura and the island’s government was brought under the Cakraningrats, a single princely line. The Cakraningrat family opposed Central Javanese rule and often conquered large parts of Mataram.

Following the First Javanese War of Succession between Amangkurat III and his uncle, Pangeran Puger, the Dutch gained control of the eastern half of Madura in 1705. Dutch recognition of Puger was influenced by the lord of West Madura, Cakraningrat II who is thought to have supported Puger’s claims in the hope that a new war in central Java would provide the Madurese with a chance to interfere. However, while Amangkurat was arrested and exiled to Ceylon, Puger took the title of Pakubuwono I and signed a treaty with the Dutch that granted them East Madura.

The Cakraningrats agreed to help the Dutch quash the 1740 rebellion in Central Java after the Chinese massacre in 1740. In a 1743 treaty with the Dutch, Pakubuwono I ceded full sovereignty of Madura to the Dutch, which was contested by Cakraningrat IV. Cakraningrat fled to Banjarmasin, took refuge with the English, was robbed and betrayed by the sultan, and captured by the Dutch and exiled to the Cape of Good Hope.

In the 19th century the title Sultan was given by the Colonial Government to the King of Sumenep in 1825, King of Pamekasan in 1830, and King of Bangkalan was given in 1847 the title of Panembahan.

In 1858, Madura was reorganized into two residencies, East Madura with the Residency Capital in Pamekasan and West Madura with the Residency Capital in Bangkalan, with each Residency controlled by the Dutch. And in 1858 it decided to remove the Indigenous Kingdoms and the Pamekasan Kingdom to become part of the Residency from the colonial bureaucratic structure, and in 1883 the Kingdom of Sumenep was abolished, and the following was the Kingdom of Bangkalan in 1885.


Source (only indon. language)

– Sejarah kerajaan Bangkalan: http://griyakerisprasena.blogspot.co.id/2011/06/sejarah-kerajaan-bangkalan.html
Sejarah kerajaan Bangkalan: http://kekunaan.blogspot.co.id/2013/08/sejarah-kabupaten-bangkalan.html
– Asal usul kerajaan Bangkalan: http://www.pulaumadura.com/2014/12/asal-usul-kabupaten-bangkalan-madura.html
Website Bangkalan memory: link
Situs keraton dijual: link
Daftar raja 1: http://www.hubert-herald.nl/IndoMadura.htm
Daftar raja 2: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_monarchs_of_Java#Rulers_of_Bangkalan.5B32.5D
– Silsilah keluarga Tjakra Adiningrat: http://maduraonly.16mb.com/index.php/wisata-madura


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